|Born||October 17, 1927
New York City
|Died||June 22, 1976
Cause of death
|Alma mater||City College of New York (B.A.)
|Occupation||professor, linguist, educator|
|Known for||Pimsleur Language Aptitude Battery
Pimsleur language learning system
Paul Pimsleur (October 17, 1927 – June 22, 1976) was a scholar in the field of applied linguistics. He developed the Pimsleur language learning system, which, along with his many publications, had a significant effect upon theories of language learning and teaching.
Early life and education
Paul M. Pimsleur was born in New York City and grew up in The Bronx. His father, Solomon Pimsleur, was an immigrant from France and a composer of music; his American-born mother was a librarian at Columbia University. Pimsleur earned a Bachelor's degree at the City College of New York, and from Columbia University he earned a Master's degree in psychological statistics and a Ph.D. in French.
His first position involved teaching French phonetics and phonemics at the University of California, Los Angeles. After leaving UCLA, Pimsleur went on to faculty positions at the Ohio State University, where he taught French and foreign language education. At the time, the foreign language education program at OSU was the major doctoral program in that field in the U.S. While at Ohio State he created and directed the Listening Center, one of the largest language laboratories in the United States. The center was developed in conjunction with Ohio Bell Telephone and allowed self-paced language study using a series of automated tapes and prompts that were delivered over the telephone.
Later, Pimsleur was a professor of education and romance languages at The State University of New York at Albany, where he held dual professorships in education and French. He was a Fulbright lecturer at the Ruprecht Karls University of Heidelberg in 1968 and 1969 and a founding member of the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL). He did research on the psychology of language learning and in 1969 was section head of psychology of second languages learning at the International Congress of Applied Linguistics.
His research focused on understanding the language acquisition process, especially the learning process of children, who speak a language without knowing its formal structure. The term "organic learning" was applied to that phenomenon. For this, he studied the learning process of groups made of children, adults, and multilingual adults. The result of this research was the Pimsleur language learning system. His many books and articles had an impact on theories of language learning and teaching.
In the period from 1958 to 1966, Pimsleur reviewed previously published studies regarding linguistic and psychological factors involved in language learning. He also conducted several studies independently. This led to the publication in 1963 of a coauthored monograph, Underachievement in Foreign Language Learning, which was published by the Modern Language Association of America.
Through this research, he identified three factors that could be measured to calculate language learning aptitude: verbal intelligence, auditory ability, and motivation. Pimsleur and his associates developed the Pimsleur Language Aptitude Battery (PLAB) based on these three factors to assess language aptitude. He was one of the first foreign language educators to show an interest in students who have difficulty in learning a foreign language while doing well in other subjects. Today, the PLAB is used to determine the language-learning aptitude, or even a language-learning disability, among secondary-school students.
Pimsleur died unexpectedly of a heart attack during a visit to France in 1976.
Since its creation in 1977, The ACTFL-MLJ Paul Pimsleur Award for Research in Foreign Language Education, which is awarded annually, bears his name.
- Pimsleur, Paul; Quinn, Terence (editors). The psychology of second language learning: papers from the Second International Congress of Applied Linguistics, Cambridge, 8-12 September 1969. London, Cambridge University Press, 1971. ISBN 0521082366
- Poems make pictures; pictures make poems. Poems by Giose Rimanelli and Paul Pimsleur. New York : Pantheon Books. 1972. ISBN 0394923871
- Pimsleur, Paul. Encounters; a basic reader. [simplified by] Paul Pimsleur [and] Donald Berger. New York, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. 1974. ISBN 0155226857
- Pimsleur, Paul. How to learn a foreign language. Boston, Mass. : Heinle & Heinle Publishers, 1980.
- Hommage à Paul Pimsleur / mise en œuvre, Robert Galisson. Paris : Didier, 1977. (French)
- How To Learn a Language, Carl J. Beuke, PhD. Brief article summarising some of the points from Paul Pimsleur's (now out of print) book "How To Learn a Foreign Language". Psychology Today, 2012.
- "PAUL PIMSLEUR, 48, DIES IN FRANCE", The New York Times (New York, New York), 1976-06-29: 34
- Lingualgamers.com "Why Pismsleur"
- ACTFL (2012). "The ACTFL-MLJ Paul Pimsleur Award for Research in Foreign Language Education". American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages. Retrieved from http://www.actfl.org/i4a/pages/index.cfm?pageID=5332.
- Alfandary, Adam (2011-09). Julia Pimsleur Levine. Little Pim, September 2011. Retrieved from http://www.littlepim.com/about/about-julia-pimsleur/.