Paul Richard Shanley (born January 25, 1931) is a laicized American priest who was accused and convicted of raping a child. He served at St. Jean's Parish in Newton, Massachusetts and was a prominent figure in the Boston clergy sex abuse scandal.
Shanley first gained notoriety during the 1970s as a "street priest," catering to drug addicts and runaways who struggled with their sexuality. His writings included "Changing Norms of Sexuality". During the 1980s, Shanley served as pastor of St. John the Evangelist in Newton. In 1990, he was transferred to St. Anne's in San Bernardino, California. While there he and another priest, John J. White, co-owned "a bed-and-breakfast for gay customers 50 miles away in Palm Springs".
Shanley had earned "the nickname the hippie priest for his long hair and outspoken views, including his public rejection of the church's condemnation of homosexuality." He attended a conference on sexuality where the founders of NAMBLA, the North American Man Boy Love Association, conceived the idea of such an organization.
According to Leon Podles in his book Sacrilege: Sexual Abuse in the Catholic Church, "In late 1993, Shanley was sent to the Institute of Living in Hartford, Connecticut, for evaluation. The Boston archdiocese has refused to release this evaluation, but other released files show that Shanley admitted to nine sexual encounters, of which four involved boys, and that he was diagnosed as 'narcissistic' and 'histrionic'. Shanley admitted that he was 'attracted to adolescents' and on the basis of this confession, the Boston archdiocese secretly settled several lawsuits against Shanley. The archdiocese of Boston in 1993 had to admit to the diocese of San Bernardino part of the truth about Shanley, and the bishop of San Bernardino immediately dismissed him."
In February 2005, Shanley was found guilty of indecent assaults and the rape of a male minor and received a sentence of 12 to 15 years in prison. Shanley's case remains controversial because the allegations of abuse came only after the victim (now an adult) alleged that he "recovered" memories of the abuse from approximately 20 years earlier. The notion of "repressed memory" is highly controversial and has been excluded from several courts of law. The manner in which the accusations against Shanley arose and enormous attention in the media also have given rise to questions about the validity of the convictions.
In 2007, Shanley's new attorney, Robert F. Shaw, Jr., filed motion for a new trial on his behalf challenging his convictions as unjust. During a hearing in May 2008, Shaw forcefully argued that repressed memories of childhood rape and sexual assault by family and clergy were without general acceptance in the scientific community, were so-called "junk science," and that the court had not been presented with accurate information about the scientific status of repressed memories before trial. Shaw argued that Shanley is entitled to a new trial.
On November 26, 2008, Superior Court Judge Stephen Neel denied Paul Shanley's motion for a new trial. Shaw responded by filing a petition for review of the case in the Supreme Court of Massachusetts (known as the Supreme Judicial Court), arguing that the judge had erred, and that "repressed memory" is an unproven, hypothesized phenomenon that has not been accepted in the scientific community and should not be admitted as evidence in Massachusetts courts. In January 2009, the Supreme Judicial Court granted the petition and ordered the case transferred from the intermediate appellate court for review by the state’s highest court.
On September 10, 2009 the Supreme Judicial Court heard arguments in the case. Robert F. Shaw, Jr. argued that Paul Shanley was prosecuted, convicted and imprisoned based upon inadmissible evidence. The case was closely watched throughout the United States and abroad.
On January 10, 2010, the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts unanimously affirmed Shanley's conviction. The Court concluded: "In sum, the judge's finding that the lack of scientific testing did not make unreliable the theory that an individual may experience dissociative amnesia was supported in the record, not only by expert testimony but by a wide collection of clinical observations and a survey of academic literature. ... There was no abuse of discretion in the admission of expert testimony on the subject of dissociative amnesia."
- Roman Catholic sex abuse cases
- Roman Catholic priests accused of sex offenses
- Crimen sollicitationis
- Jacobs, Sally. "'If they knew the madness in me'. A search for the real Rev. Paul Shanley..." Boston Globe 7/10/2002. Online version available at: http://www.boston.com/globe/spotlight/abuse/stories2/071002_shanley.htm (Accessed on 9 October 2006).
- Rezendes, Michael and Matt Carroll. "Boston diocese gave letter of assurance about Shanley", Boston Globe 4/8/2002. Online version available at: http://www.boston.com/globe/spotlight/abuse/stories/040802_shanley.htm (Accessed on 9 October 2006).
- Belluck, Pam. "Boston Diocese Protected Priest Long Linked to Abuse" New York Times 4/9/2002. Online version available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2002/04/09/us/boston-diocese-protected-priest-long-linked-to-abuse.html?pagewanted=2 (Accessed on 14 January 2010).
- "Shanley Attended NAMBLA Meeting - U.S. & World". FOXNews.com. 2002-05-02. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
- Davis, Wendy. "Memory questioned in abuse case". Boston Globe 4/8/2003. Online version available at: http://www.boston.com/globe/spotlight/abuse/stories4/040803_memory.htm (Accessed on 9 October 2006).
- Lyons, Daniel, "Sex, God & Greed," Forbes, http://www.forbes.com/forbes/2003/0609/066_print.html
- Wypijewski, Joanne, "The Passion of Father Shanley," Legal Affairs, http://www.legalaffairs.org/issues/September-October-2004/feature_wypijewski_sepoct04.msp
- Cockburn, Alexander, "Back to Salem: Paul Shanley and the Return of Repressed Memory" Counterpunch & The Nation, http://www.counterpunch.org/cockburn02192005.html
- Miner, Michael. "Did Shanley get screwed?" The Chicago Reader, http://www.chicagoreader.com/hottype/2005/050218_1.html
- Rauch, Jonathan, "Is Paul Shanley Guilty? If Paul Shanley is a monster, the state didn't prove it." Reason Magazine, http://www.reason.com/news/show/34692.html
- D'Entremonte, Jim. "Any Prayer for Shanley?" The Guide Magazine, Online Version located at http://ncrj.org/Shanley/JimShanley4.html
- The Boston Globe, A Former Priest Seeks a New Trial, http://www.boston.com/news/local/articles/2008/05/29/a_former_priest_seeks_new_trial/
- Lawyer for Ex-Priest Questions Repressed Memory Science, The Daily Tribune, http://www.dailynewstribune.com/news/x1878563848/Lawyer-for-ex-priest-questions-repressed-memory-science
- "Priest in Boston clergy scandal denied new trial". Necn.com. 2008-11-26. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
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- "Breaking News, World and U.S. News, Boston Weather, and the Latest Business, Health, Politics, Arts and Sports". NECN. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
- "WHDH-TV - Convicted ex-priest challenges repressed memories". .whdh.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
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- Zezima, Katie (2009-09-16). "Ex-Priest Challenges Abuse Conviction on Repressed Memories". Boston (Mass): NYTimes.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
- "Ex-Priest Questions Repressed Memories". Abcnews.go.com. 2009-09-14. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
- Saltzman, Jonathan (2009-09-10). "‘Repressed memory’ is at issue in defrocked priest’s appeal - The Boston Globe". Boston.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
- Dianne Williamson firstname.lastname@example.org. "Repressed memory: Issue still argued". Telegram.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09.