By-elections to the 41st Canadian Parliament

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By-elections to the 41st Canadian Parliament are held to fill vacancies in the House of Commons of Canada since the 2011 federal election. The 41st Canadian Parliament is the current Parliament of Canada, with the membership of its House of Commons having been determined by the results of the Canadian federal election held on May 2, 2011. The Conservative Party of Canada has a majority government during this Parliament.

Thus far one by-election was held in March 2012, three more in November 2012, one in May 2013; and four were held November 25, 2013. Four more by-elections were held on June 30, 2014, and another two were held on November 17, 2014. Two by-elections are pending, one in Peterborough and a second in Sudbury.

A further by-election was to be called following an Ontario Superior Court decision voiding the result in Etobicoke Centre but the Supreme Court of Canada overturned that ruling on October 25, 2012, upholding the original election result.[1]

By-elections must be called within 180 days of the Chief Electoral Officer being officially notified of a vacancy.[2]


By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Sudbury 2015 Glenn Thibeault      NDP      TBD Resigned to enter provincial politics.
Peterborough 2015 Dean Del Mastro      Independent      TBD Resigned after being found guilty on three counts of violating election spending limits.
Yellowhead November 17, 2014 Rob Merrifield      Conservative Jim Eglinski      Conservative Resigned to accept appointment as Alberta's envoy to the United States. Yes
Whitby—Oshawa November 17, 2014 Jim Flaherty      Conservative Pat Perkins      Conservative Death (heart attack) Yes
Scarborough—Agincourt June 30, 2014 Jim Karygiannis      Liberal Arnold Chan      Liberal Resigned to run for Toronto City Council. Yes
Trinity—Spadina June 30, 2014 Olivia Chow      NDP Adam Vaughan      Liberal Resigned to run for Mayor of Toronto. No
Fort McMurray—Athabasca June 30, 2014 Brian Jean      Conservative David Yurdiga      Conservative Resigned to return to private life. Yes
Macleod June 30, 2014 Ted Menzies      Conservative John Barlow      Conservative Resigned to accept a position in the private sector. Yes
Brandon—Souris November 25, 2013 Merv Tweed      Conservative Larry Maguire      Conservative Resigned to join private sector. Yes
Toronto Centre November 25, 2013 Bob Rae      Liberal Chrystia Freeland      Liberal Resigned to become First Nations negotiator in Ontario. Yes
Provencher November 25, 2013 Vic Toews      Conservative Ted Falk      Conservative Resigned to spend more time with his family and join the private sector. Yes
Bourassa November 25, 2013 Denis Coderre      Liberal Emmanuel Dubourg      Liberal Resigned to run for Mayor of Montreal. Yes
Labrador May 13, 2013 Peter Penashue      Conservative Yvonne Jones      Liberal Resigned to run again in a by-election following election spending concerns. No
Victoria November 26, 2012 Denise Savoie      NDP Murray Rankin NDP Resignation due to illness Yes
Durham November 26, 2012 Bev Oda      Conservative Erin O'Toole Conservative Resignation Yes
Calgary Centre November 26, 2012 Lee Richardson      Conservative Joan Crockatt Conservative Resigned to work in the office of the Premier of Alberta. Yes
Toronto—Danforth March 19, 2012 Jack Layton      NDP Craig Scott      NDP Death (cancer) Yes

March 19, 2012 by-election[edit]

A by-election was held on March 19, 2012 in Toronto—Danforth, to fill a vacancy in the House of Commons caused by the death of NDP leader Jack Layton. Governor General David Johnston, acting on the advice of Prime Minister Stephen Harper, issued the writ of election for the by-election on February 6.[3]


NDP and Liberal election signs in Toronto-Danforth

The riding of Toronto—Danforth had been vacant since August 22, 2011, when Jack Layton, Leader of the Official Opposition, died of cancer.

Canadian federal by-election, March 19, 2012: Toronto—Danforth
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
New Democratic Craig Scott 19,210 59.44 -1.36 $ 82,847.22
Liberal Grant Gordon 9,215 28.51 +10.89 86,016.54
Conservative Andrew Keyes 1,736 5.37 -8.95 73,735.56
Green Adriana Mugnatto-Hamu 1,517 4.69 -1.77 57,955.38
Progressive Canadian Dorian Baxter 208 0.64 –   1,473.73
Libertarian John C. Recker 133 0.41 –   2,433.05
Independent Leslie Bory 77 0.24 –   898.69
Canadian Action Christopher Porter 75 0.23 –   3,163.57
Independent John Turmel 57 0.18 –   –    
United Brian Jedan 55 0.17 –   130.18
Independent Bahman Yazdanfar 36 0.11 –   622.86
Total valid votes/Expense limit 32,319 100.0     $ 86,821.95
Total rejected ballots 150 0.46 -0.13
Turnout 32,469 43.58 -21.32
New Democratic hold Swing -6.1
By-election due to the death of Jack Layton.

November 26, 2012 by-elections[edit]

By-elections were held on November 26, 2012, in Calgary Centre following the resignation of Conservative MP Lee Richardson, in Durham as a result of the resignation of Conservative MP Bev Oda, and in Victoria following the resignation of Deputy Speaker and NDP MP Denise Savoie.[4]

Calgary Centre[edit]

The riding of Calgary Centre was vacated on May 30, 2012, when Conservative MP Lee Richardson resigned to accept a position as principal secretary to Alberta Premier Alison Redford.

The Conservative Party had a contested nomination, with several candidates quickly entering the contest – including local alderman John Mar, newspaper columnist and political pundit Joan Crockatt, businessman Jordan Katz, former PC MLA Jon Lord, and MP Richardson's former campaign manager Stefan Spargo.[5][6] Late entrants to the Conservative nomination included Quebec regional party organizer and former PMO staff member Joe Soares;[6] lawyer and current national party policy committee member Rick Billington;[6] and venture capitalist Greg McLean, the immediate past-president of the Calgary Centre riding association.[7][8]

On July 25, Mar withdrew from the nomination race, citing future time spent in Ottawa away from his family as the major reason.[9] Katz also withdrew from the race in late July.[10] The nomination meeting was held on August 25, with Crockatt winning the nomination vote.[11]

The Liberal Party held a nomination meeting on September 22, which was contested by four candidates. Early candidates in the race included conservationist and lawyer Harvey Locke and high school teacher Rahim Sajan. Several weeks before the nomination meeting, both businessman Drew Atkins and former Conservative Steve Turner entered the nomination race.[12][13][14] At the meeting on September 22, Locke won the nomination.[15][16]

Calgary-based author and Green Party candidate Chris Turner[10] and Liberal MLA David Swann stated a desire for all "progressives" in Calgary Centre to unite around a single candidate.[10] However, Swann dismissed numerous appeals to be the "united progressive" candidate and Green Party leader Elizabeth May expressed hopes that her party's candidate would win the seat outright.[10] David Swann ultimately endorsed Harvey Locke.

Canadian federal by-election, November 26, 2012: Calgary Centre
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Conservative Joan Crockatt 10,191 36.87 -20.81 $95,251
Liberal Harvey Locke 9,033 32.68 +15.15 $97,025
Green Chris Turner 7,090 25.65 +15.74 $100,180
New Democratic Dan Meades 1,064 3.85 -11.01 $90,148
Independent Antoni Grochowski 141 0.51 $0
Libertarian Tony Prashad 121 0.44 $255
Total valid votes/Expense limit 27,640 100.00 $102,128.86
Total rejected ballots 92
Turnout 27,732 29.51
Eligible voters 93,984
Conservative hold Swing -35.96
By-election due to the resignation of Lee Richardson.
Source: "November 26, 2012 By-elections". Elections Canada. November 27, 2012. Retrieved 27 November 2012. 


The constituency of Durham became vacant on July 31, 2012, when former Conservative minister Bev Oda resigned from parliament.[17]

The nomination race for the Conservative nomination in Durham was between retired Canadian Forces Captain and lawyer Erin O'Toole, former provincial Liberal Chris Topple,[18] and Thomas Coughlan, a former aide to Finance Minister Jim Flaherty.[19] O'Toole was acclaimed as the Conservative candidate on August 29.[20]

Bowmanville resident Grant Humes, the Liberal candidate in the last election, ran again,[21] while the NDP nominated Larry O'Connor, a former member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario and former mayor of Brock.

Canadian federal by-election, November 26, 2012: Durham
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Conservative Erin O'Toole 17,280 50.72 -3.83 $95,331
New Democratic Larry O'Connor 8,946 26.26 +5.16 $96,257
Liberal Grant Humes 5,887 17.28 -0.57 $91,946
Green Virginia Ervin 1,386 4.07 -1.32 $742
Christian Heritage Andrew Moriarity 437 1.28 +0.49 $4,379
Online Party Michael Nicula 132 0.39 $1,080
Total valid votes 34,068 100.00
Total rejected ballots 115
Turnout 34,183 35.87
Eligible voters 95,296
Conservative hold Swing -8.99
By-election called due to the resignation of Bev Oda.
Source: "November 26, 2012 By-elections". Elections Canada. November 27, 2012. Retrieved 27 November 2012. 


On August 23, 2012, Denise Savoie, NDP MP for Victoria since 2006, announced that she would be resigning her seat effective August 31. Savoie, who held the position of Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons at the time of her announcement, cited health reasons as the key cause of her resignation.[22]

Prominent environmental lawyer Murray Rankin was nominated as the NDP candidate on October 14.[23] Other Victoria NDP nomination contenders were Elizabeth Cull, a former provincial finance and health minister; former Victoria school board trustee Charley Beresford, and Victoria city councilor Ben Isitt.[24]

Dale Gann was acclaimed as the Conservative nominee.[25]

Paul Summerville, former investment banker and previously unsuccessful New Democratic Party candidate in the Toronto riding of St. Paul's was acclaimed as the Liberal nominee on October 13.

The Greens initially nominated Trevor Moat over UVic law professor Donald Galloway on September 29. The vote was a tie and decided by a coin toss. On October 1 Moat stepped down in favour of Galloway.[26]

A key issue during the by-election campaign was the status of the city's proposed new sewage treatment plan.[27] Several candidates expressed opposition to the cost of the project, as well as concerns about the environmental benefits.[27] Rankin was the only candidate who supported the plan in its current form, while Galloway argued that it was insufficient and needed to be revised, Gann supported the plan at the start of the by-election campaign but later withdrew his support, and Summerville argued that the plan was simply a billion-dollar make-work project.[27]

Canadian federal by-election, November 26, 2012: Victoria
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
New Democratic Murray Rankin 14,507 37.17 -13.61 $95,540
Green Donald Galloway 13,389 34.30 +22.69 $97,264
Conservative Dale Gann 5,654 14.49 -9.14 $90,170
Liberal Paul Summerville 5,097 13.06 -0.92 $81,254
Libertarian Art Lowe 193 0.49 $496
Christian Heritage Philip Ney 192 0.49 $3,499
Total valid votes/Expense limit 39,032 100.00
Total rejected ballots 98
Turnout 39,130 44.02
Eligible voters 88,886
New Democratic hold Swing -24.28
By-election called due to the resignation of Denise Savoie.
Source: "November 26, 2012 By-elections". Elections Canada. November 27, 2012. Retrieved 27 November 2012. 

May 13, 2013 by-election[edit]


In 2011, Conservative Peter Penashue defeated sitting Liberal MP Todd Russell by 79 votes, making Labrador one of the closest races in that election.[28] On March 14, 2013, Penashue, by then the Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs and President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada, resigned from cabinet and from his seat with the intention to run again in a by-election. The resignation followed reports of an ineligible donation of $30,000 to his 2011 campaign. Penashue blamed the error on a campaign volunteer, paid back the money, and announced his intention to run for re-election in a press release. He was confirmed as the Conservative Party's candidate for the by-election the same day.[28]

His Liberal opponent was Yvonne Jones, a member of the provincial legislature who was previously the province's leader of the opposition. The NDP candidate was researcher Harry Borlase, and the Libertarian candidate was Norman Andrews. The Greens did not run a candidate so as to not split the vote in an attempt to help defeat Penashue.[29]

Canadian federal by-election, May 13, 2013: Labrador
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal Yvonne Jones 5,812 47.99 +8.92 $76,859.63
Conservative Peter Penashue 3,924 32.40 -7.41 $70,866.91
New Democratic Harry Borlase 2,324 19.19 -0.64 $81,475.53
Libertarian Norman Andrews 50 0.41   $236.16
Total valid votes/Expense Limit 12,110 100.0   –   $ 89,852.84
Total rejected, declined and unmarked ballots 27 0.22 -0.26  
Turnout 12,137 59.93 +6.49  
Eligible voters 20,251      
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +8.17
Called on the resignation of Peter Penashue, March 14, 2013
Source: "By-election May 13, 2013". Elections Canada. May 13, 2013. Retrieved December 14, 2013. 

November 25, 2013 by-elections[edit]

On October 20, 2013, Prime Minister Harper announced that four pending by-elections will be held on November 25.[30]


On May 16, 2013, Liberal MP Denis Coderre announced he would resign his Bourassa seat on June 2, to run for Mayor of Montreal.[31] The Chief Electoral Officer received official notification of the vacancy on June 3, 2013 and the by-election had to be called by November 30, 2013.[2] A date of November 25, 2013 has been set for the vote.[30]

The federal Liberals chose their candidate on September 8.[32] Lawyer Joseph DiIorio ran for the nomination,[33] as did Quebec MNA for Viau, Emmanuel Dubourg, who resigned his seat in the National Assembly of Quebec in order to do so.[32][34] Ultimately, Dubourg won the nomination.[35]

Larry Rousseau, regional executive vice-president for the Public Service Alliance of Canada,[2] past NDP candidate Julie Demers, a community activist who works with co-ops,[2] and PSAC staff rep Mario LeClerc[33] sought the NDP nomination,[32] losing to Juno Award-winning singer Stéphane Moraille of the band Bran Van 3000.[36]

The Bloc Québécois selected Daniel Duranleau as its nominee.[37]

Former NHL star and deputy leader of the Green Party Georges Laraque had been announced as the party's candidate in Bourassa,[32] but stepped down as both the candidate and deputy leader of the Green Party when it was revealed he was facing fraud charges.[38] Danny Polifroni, who had run for the party in Papineau in 2011, was named the Green candidate instead.

Engineer Rida Mahmoud was acclaimed as the Conservative nominee.[39]

Canadian federal by-election, November 25, 2013: Bourassa
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal Emmanuel Dubourg 8,825 48.12 +7.21 $ 86,108.33
New Democratic Stéphane Moraille 5,766 31.44 -0.84 87,240.19
Bloc Québécois Daniel Duranleau 2,387 13.02 -3.04 81,591.19
Conservative Rida Mahmoud 852 4.65 -4.17 21,442.95
Green Danny Polifroni 368 2.01 +0.40 34,300.92
Rhinoceros Serge Lavoie 140 0.76   216.08
Total valid votes/Expense limit 18,338 100.0   –   $ 89,016.17
Total rejected ballots 295 1.58 -0.19
Turnout 18,633 26.22 -28.90
Eligible voters 69,527    
Liberal hold Swing +4.05
By-election due to the resignation of Denis Coderre.


Minister of Public Safety Vic Toews resigned from cabinet and as an MP effective July 9, 2013, to spend more time with his family and join the private sector.[40] The Chief Electoral Officer received official notification of the vacancy on July 15, 2013.[2] On October 20, 2013, the by-election date of November 25, 2013, was announced.[30]

Despite rumors that Steinbach MLA Kelvin Goertzen and Deputy Mayor of Steinbach Michael Zwaagstra would run for the Conservative nomination,[41] both decided not to, and instead endorsed Steinbach Credit Union president Ted Falk, who won the nomination by acclamation.[33][39]

Former parliamentary page Natalie Courcelles Beaudry, who also works in the constituency office of Dawson Trail MLA Ron Lemieux, was the only declared candidate for the NDP nomination, which was decided on October 20.[42][43]

The only declared candidate for the Liberal nomination was riding president Terry Hayward, who resigned his position in order to seek the nomination. Hayward had previously run as the Liberal candidate in the 2011 federal election.[33] Hayward was acclaimed as the Liberal nominee on September 25, 2013.[44]

The Green Party chose former candidate Janine Gibson as its nominee.[45]

Canadian federal by-election, November 25, 2013: Provencher
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Conservative Ted Falk 13,046 58.20 -12.40 $ 83,542.19
Liberal Terry Hayward 6,711 29.94 +23.23 66,455.27
New Democratic Natalie Courcelles Beaudry 1,843 8.22 -9.67 17,878.16
Green Janine Gibson 817 3.64 +0.69 1,074.97
Total valid votes/Expense limit 22,417 100.0   –   $ 97,453.98
Total rejected ballots 136 0.60 +0.17
Turnout 22,553 33.85 -27.88
Eligible voters 66,624    
Conservative hold Swing -17.86
By-election due to the resignation of Vic Toews.

Toronto Centre[edit]

On June 19, 2013, former interim Liberal Party leader Bob Rae announced he would resign his Toronto Centre seat to become a First Nations negotiator in Ontario.[46] His resignation became effective July 31, 2013.[47] The Chief Electoral Officer received official notification of the vacancy on August 6, 2013.[2] On October 20, 2013, the by-election date of November 25, 2013 was announced.[30]

Journalist, author and pundit Chrystia Freeland was nominated as the Liberal candidate defeating Todd Ross, a former senior adviser to former Ontario health minister George Smitherman and Diana Burke, former chief information security officer at Royal Bank Financial Group.[2][48] On July 29, former MPP for the provincial electoral district of the same name and 2010 mayoral candidate George Smitherman announced he will not seek the Liberal nomination.[49]

Columnist and author Linda McQuaig,[50] is the New Democratic Party's candidate having defeated former CBC producer and MuchMusic host Jennifer Hollett,[51] and transgender rights and social housing activist Susan Gapka for the nomination.[52][53][54]

Lawyer Geoff Pollock was acclaimed as the Conservative Party of Canada's nominee, as no one else ran for the nomination,[39] and former Toronto Star journalist John Deverell was named the Green Party's nominee.[39]

The Pirate Party candidate was party leader Travis McCrea;[55] however, on October 13, McCrea pulled out of the race and resigned from his position as party leader, citing a need to address his depression.[56][57]

Canadian federal by-election, November 25, 2013: Toronto Centre
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal Chrystia Freeland 17,194 49.38 +8.37 $ 97,609.64
New Democratic Linda McQuaig 12,640 36.30 +6.09 99,230.30
Conservative Geoff Pollock 3,004 8.63 -14.01 75,557.39
Green John Deverell 1,034 2.97 -2.05 21,521.10
Progressive Canadian Dorian Baxter 453 1.30   –    
Libertarian Judi Falardeau 236 0.68 +0.18 –    
Independent Kevin Clarke 84 0.24   560.00
Independent John "The Engineer" Turmel 56 0.16   –    
Independent Leslie Bory 51 0.15   633.30
Online Party Michael Nicula 43 0.12   200.00
Independent Bahman Yazdanfar 26 0.07 -0.12 1,134.60
Total valid votes/Expense limit 34,821 100.0   –   $ 101,793.06
Total rejected ballots 177 0.51 +0.12
Turnout 34,998 38.20 -24.73
Eligible voters 91,612    
Liberal hold Swing +1.94
By-election due to the resignation of Bob Rae.


On August 12, 2013, Merv Tweed, Conservative MP for Brandon—Souris, announced his resignation effective August 31.[58] On October 20, 2013, the by-election date of November 25, 2013 was announced.[30]

Candidates for the Conservative nomination initially included Tweed's former executive assistant Chris Kennedy, Brandon City Councillor and Deputy Mayor Len Isleifson, and Arthur-Virden MLA (and Progressive Conservative candidate in 1993) Larry Maguire.[33] Kennedy's nomination papers were rejected, while Isleifson withdrew, resulting in Maguire winning the nomination by acclamation.[39][59]

Candidates for the NDP nomination were 2008 and 2011 candidate Jean Luc Bouché, and Labour Council president Cory Szczepanski.[33] Szczepanski ultimately won the nomination.[60]

Candidates for the Green nomination were CFIA food inspector Layne Tepleski, greenhouse owner David Neufeld, and retiree Lynwood Walker.[42] Neufeld ultimately won the nomination.[61]

The candidates for the Liberal nomination were Rolf Dinsdale, media executive and son of former Progressive Conservative MP Walter Dinsdale, who represented the riding from 1951–1982, and Killarney-Turtle Mountain Mayor Rick Pauls,[62] who had initially announced that he would run as an independent.[63] Pauls, a card-carrying Conservative, left the party citing his "disgust" with the Conservative nomination process.[64] Former US Marine Frank Godon, who had previously run for the presidency of the Manitoba Métis Federation, also announced his candidacy,[33][65] but withdrew from the nomination race on September 20.[66] Dinsdale ultimately won the nomination,[67] while Godon returned to the race as the candidate for the Libertarian Party of Canada.[68]

Although public opinion polling during the campaign gave Dinsdale a significant lead over Maguire, with Dinsdale holding a 14-point lead in a Forum Research poll just a few days before the by-election,[69] Maguire in fact narrowly won the final vote count. The discrepancy between the polls and the final result led to a renewed debate about the quality of public opinion polling in Canada.[70]

Canadian federal by-election, November 25, 2013: Brandon—Souris
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Conservative Larry Maguire 12,205 44.16 -19.57 $ 89,503.81
Liberal Rolf Dinsdale 11,816 42.75 +37.39 76,203.47
New Democratic Cory Szczepanski 1,996 7.22 -17.96 22,981.64
Green David Neufeld 1,349 4.88 -0.85 7,502.04
Libertarian Frank Godon 271 0.98 –   2,404.04
Total valid votes/Expense limit 27,637 100.0   –   $ 94,534.60
Total rejected ballots 106 0.38 -0.01
Turnout 27,743 44.81 -12.83
Eligible voters 61,910    
Conservative hold Swing -28.48
By-election due to the resignation of Merv Tweed.

June 30, 2014 by-elections[edit]

On May 11, 2014, Prime Minister Harper announced that four out of the five pending by-elections (all except Whitby—Oshawa) would be held on June 30.[71]


Conservative MP Ted Menzies announced on November 6, 2013, that he was resigning his seat that day after 9 years in parliament. He was Minister of State for Finance from 2011 until July 2, 2013, when he resigned announcing that he would not be a candidate in the next election.[72]

Candidates for the Conservative nomination included John Barlow, who ran for the provincial PCs in Highwood during the 2012 Alberta general election, rancher and farmer Phil Rowland, former parliamentary staffer Melissa Mathieson, and businessman Scott Wagner.[73] Barlow ultimately won the nomination.[74]

Dustin Fuller was the only declared candidate to run for the Liberal nomination, and was thus nominated by acclamation.[75][76]

Larry Ashmore was nominated by the Greens.[76] Aileen Burke was nominated by the NDP.[77]

David J. Reimer, interim leader[78] of the Christian Heritage Party, was his party's candidate.[77]

Canadian federal by-election, June 30, 2014: Macleod
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative John Barlow 12,616 69.16 -8.33
Liberal Dustin Fuller 3,092 16.95 +13.27
Green Larry Ashmore 991 5.43 +0.81
Christian Heritage David J. Reimer 774 4.24 +3.75
New Democratic Aileen Burke 770 4.22 -6.11
Total valid votes/Expense limit 18,243 100.0
Total rejected ballots 81 0.44
Turnout 18,324 19.92 -41.60
Eligible voters 92,007
Conservative hold Swing -10.80
By-election due to the resignation of Ted Menzies.
Source: Elections Canada[79]

Fort McMurray—Athabasca[edit]

Conservative MP Brian Jean announced on January 10, 2014, that he was resigning his seat effective January 17 after a decade in parliament.[80][81]

David Yurdiga, the deputy reeve for Athabasca County,[82] and lawyer Arlan Delisle[83] both ran for the Conservative nomination, which Yurdiga ultimately won.[84] Other potential candidates had included former firefighter Brad Grainger, former Fort McMurray-Wood Buffalo MLA Guy Boutilier, Laila Goodridge, constituency assistant for Calgary Centre MP Joan Crockatt, and Wood Buffalo councillor Phil Meagher.[85]

Suncor Energy employee Lori McDaniel is the NDP candidate.[86]

Former Liberal staffer and Fort McMurray Métis Local 1935 manager Kyle Harrietha ran for the party's nomination,[82] as did active International Union of Operating Engineers Local 955 member Chris Flett.[75] Other potential candidates had included Joanne Roberts, Director of Public Affairs, Industry Relations and Economic Development for Fort McMurray, former Fort McMurray councillor Colleen Tatum, and President of the Fort MacKay Métis Local 63 Ron Quintal.[85] Harrietha ultimately won the nomination.[86]

Brian Deheer was nominated by the Green Party.[87] Firefighter Tim Moen is the Libertarian candidate, marking the first time the party has run a candidate in the region.[84] Moen was later named Libertarian party leader.[88]

Canadian federal by-election, June 30, 2014: Fort McMurray—Athabasca
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative David Yurdiga 5,991 46.71 -25.13
Liberal Kyle Harrietha 4,529 35.31 +24.89
New Democratic Lori McDaniel 1,472 11.48 -1.77
Green Brian Deheer 453 3.53 -0.96
Libertarian Tim Moen 381 2.97
Total valid votes/Expense limit 12,826 100.0
Total rejected ballots 34 0.26
Turnout 12,860 15.37 -25.38
Eligible voters 83,647
Conservative hold Swing -25.01
By-election due to the resignation of Brian Jean.
Source: Elections Canada[89]


NDP MP Olivia Chow resigned her downtown Toronto Trinity—Spadina seat on March 12, 2014, to run in the 2014 Toronto mayoral election in a bid to unseat incumbent Mayor of Toronto Rob Ford. Chow had held the seat since 2006.[90]

Joe Cressy, director of the Stephen Lewis Foundation and a past campaign manager for Olivia Chow, sought the NDP nomination.[91] Other potential candidates for the NDP nomination had included journalist and author Linda McQuaig (who ran as the NDP candidate in the 2013 Toronto Centre by-election), Toronto city councillor Adam Vaughan,[92] and former city councillor Joe Pantalone.[93] Toronto city councillor Mike Layton[93] and former CBC producer and MuchMusic host Jennifer Hollett[91] were also rumoued, but announced they would not run. Cressy ultimately won the nomination by acclaimation.[94]

Toronto city councillor Adam Vaughan, who had been rumoured as a possible NDP candidate, is the Liberal nominee;[95][96] Ryan Davey and Christine Tabbert, who ran as the Liberal candidate in Renfrew—Nipissing—Pembroke during the 2011 election, had both entered the nomination but subsequently withdrew from the race.[94] Labour lawyer and former Now Magazine editor Glenn Wheeler had also expressed interest in the Liberal nomination, though ultimately decided not to run.[97] Christine Innes, who was the Liberal candidate in 2008 and 2011, as well as the wife of former MP Tony Ianno, had announced her candidacy for the Liberal nomination[93] but was disqualified by Liberal leader Justin Trudeau after complaints that her campaign team had engaged in "intimidation and bullying" after rejecting a request that if she is elected in the by-election she commit to running in the future riding of Spadina—Fort York when Trinity—Spadina is abolished in the next general election, rather than University—Rosedale where MP Chrystia Freeland intends to stand.[98]

Camille Labchuk was nominated by the Green Party.[87] Benjamin Sharma was nominated by the Conservatives.[99] Linda Groce, an anti-abortion advocate who also goes by the name Linda Gibbons, announced her intention to run as a Christian Heritage Party candidate.[100][101]

Canadian federal by-election, June 30, 2014: Trinity—Spadina
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Adam Vaughan 18,547 53.66 +30.27
New Democratic Joe Cressy 11,802 34.14 -20.37
Conservative Benjamin Sharma 2,022 5.85 -10.96
Green Camille Labchuk 1,880 5.43 +1.05
Christian Heritage Linda Groce-Gibbons 174 0.50 – 
Independent John "The Engineer" Turmel 141 0.41 – 
Total valid votes/Expense limit 34,566 100.00 – 
Total rejected ballots 111 0.32 -0.12
Turnout 34,677 31.78 -37.02
Eligible voters 110,252
Liberal gain from New Democratic Swing +25.32
By-election due to the resignation of Olivia Chow to run in the 2014 Toronto mayoral election.
Source: Elections Canada[102]


On April 1, 2014, long-time Liberal Member of Parliament Jim Karygiannis announced his resignation to run in the Toronto municipal election, 2014 to replace Mike Del Grande. Karygiannis had held the seat of Scarborough—Agincourt since 1988.[103]

Arnold Chan, a lawyer and former aide to Dalton McGuinty[104][105] won the Liberal nomination defeating Nikolaos Mantas, Karygiannis' former constituency assistant.[106] Muraly Srinarayanathas had also ran for the nomination, though withdrew prior to the vote.[106]

The Conservative Party nominated Trevor Ellis as their candidate on May 3, 2014.[106] Elizabeth Long was nominated by the NDP.[99] Shahbaz Mir will stand for the Green Party, while Kevin Clarke will stand as an independent.[107]

Canadian federal by-election, June 30, 2014: Scarborough—Agincourt
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Arnold Chan 12,868 59.38 +13.99
Conservative Trevor Ellis 6,344 29.27 -4.91
New Democratic Elizabeth Ying Long 1,838 8.48 -9.62
Independent Kevin Clarke 315 1.45 -
Green Shahbaz Mir 307 1.42 -0.90
Total valid votes/Expense limit 21,672 100.0   –  
Total rejected ballots 121 0.56 -0.09
Turnout 21,793 29.56 -27.34
Eligible voters 74,062
Liberal hold Swing +9.45
By-election due to the resignation of Jim Karygiannis to run in the 2014 Toronto municipal election.
Source: Elections Canada[108]

November 17, 2014 by-elections[edit]

On October 12, 2014, Harper announced the scheduling of two by-elections for November 17.[109]


On April 10, 2014, former Minister of Finance Jim Flaherty died in Ottawa, creating a vacancy in his riding.[110] A by-election was called on October 12, 2014 for November 17, 2014.[111][112]

Whitby mayor Pat Perkins defeated former electoral district association president David Glover for the Conservative Party nomination. Glover has since complained that senior party officials manipulated the nomination process in order to benefit Perkins.[113][114] Prior to her entry into the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario leadership election, one rumoured candidate for the nomination was Christine Elliott, Flaherty's widow and the MPP for the provincial riding of the same name.[115][116]

New Democratic riding president Trish McAuliffe, a social activist who placed second to Flaherty in the 2011 federal election, has been nominated once again as that party's candidate.[117]

Celina Caesar-Chavannes, the president of ReSolve Research Solutions Inc., a clinical trials management service she co-founded with her husband in 2004, was acclaimed as the Liberal nominee on July 17, 2014.[116][118]

Canadian federal by-election, November 17, 2014: Whitby—Oshawa
By-election due to the death of Jim Flaherty
** Preliminary results — Not yet official **
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Conservative Pat Perkins 17,082 49.31 −9.11 –  
Liberal Celina Caesar-Chavannes 14,083 40.65 +26.54 –  
New Democratic Trish McAuliffe 2,801 8.08 −14.19 –  
Green Craig Cameron 500 1.44 −3.45 –  
Independent John "The Engineer" Turmel 101 0.29 –  
Independent Josh Borenstein 77 0.22 –  
Total valid votes/Expense limit 100.0      
Total rejected ballots      
Turnout 34,644 31.79 −31.45
Eligible voters 108,969   +6.87
Conservative hold Swing -17.89
Source: "By-election Results". Elections Canada. November 20, 2014. 


On September 17, 2014, Conservative MP Rob Merrifield, first elected in 2000, resigned his seat to accept an appointment from Alberta Premier Jim Prentice as the province's envoy to the United States.[119][120]

Candidates for the Conservative nomination were Yellowhead County Mayor Gerald Soroka and former Fort St. John, British Columbia Mayor Jim Eglinski.[121][122] Eglinski ultimately won the nomination.[123]

The only declared candidate for the Liberal nomination was Hinton councillor Ryan Maguhn, thus giving him the nomination by acclamation.[122][124]

Canadian federal by-election, November 17, 2014: Yellowhead
By-election due to the resignation of Rob Merrifield
** Preliminary results — Not yet official **
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Conservative Jim Eglinski 7,884 62.57 −14.46 –  
Liberal Ryan Heinz Maguhn 2,518 19.98 +17.11 –  
New Democratic Eric Rosendahl 1,203 9.55 −3.51 –  
Independent Dean Williams 622 4.94   –  
Libertarian Cory Lystang 374 2.97   –  
Total valid votes/Expense limit   100.0     –  
Total rejected ballots      
Turnout 12,601 16.06 −40.10
Eligible voters 78,481   +6.00
Conservative hold Swing −15.79



On November 5, 2014, Dean Del Mastro, the independent (formerly Conservative) MP for Peterborough, resigned his seat after being found guilty on three counts of violating election spending limits.[125][126] Prior to Del Mastro's resignation, the House of Commons was expected to vote in favour of an NDP proposal to suspend Del Mastro without pay, effective immediately.[125]

Prior to Del Mastro's resignation, candidates for the Liberal nomination in the next federal election included entrepreneur and Trent University lecturer Cammie Jaquays, lawyer and former school board trustee Brendan Moher, and Peterborough city councillor Bob Hall.[127] Fellow Peterborough city councillor Lesley Parnell entered the race following Del Mastro's resignation.[128]

Canadian federal by-election, TBA: Peterborough
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
New Democratic
Canadian Action
Total valid votes/Expense limit 100.0   –  
Total rejected ballots -
Eligible voters
By-election due to the resignation of Dean Del Mastro.


On December 16, 2014 NDP MP Glenn Thibeault announced that he will be resigning from the House of Commons upon being appointed the Ontario Liberal Party's candidate in a provincial by-election.[129]

Canadian federal by-election, TBA: Sudbury
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
New Democratic
First Peoples National
Total valid votes/Expense limit 100.0   –  
Total rejected ballots -
Eligible voters
By-election due to the resignation of Glenn Thibeault to run in a provincial by-election.

See also[edit]


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