Paul van Tienen

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Paul van Tienen (10 January 1921 – 1995[citation needed])probably in La Manga del Mar Menor, Murcia, Spain, was a Dutch Nazi during World War II and a far-right politician after the war, convicted at least twice for his political activities.

Biography[edit]

Until 1945[edit]

Born in Yogyakarta, Van Tienen joined the Waffen-SS during World War II and became an Untersturmführer.[1] He was active on the Eastern Front[2] in a propaganda detachment.[3]

After the war[edit]

After the war he continued his political activism and became involved with the European Social Movement of Per Engdahl, whom he cited as a political ally in 1953. Unlike many of his collaborationist colleagues he never lost his right to vote or his Dutch citizenship, since he was considered a minor when he joined the SS.[4] A member of the Dutch organization of former collaborators Stichting Oud Politieke Delinquenten ("Foundation of Former Political Delinquents"), he went on to organize a political party associated with that organization, the National European Social Movement,[1] which was dissolved by the Supreme Court of the Netherlands in 1954[5]/1955.[6] His activities with the NESB had led to an arrest in 1953, when he and Jan Wolthuis were sentenced to two months' imprisonment for running an organization considered a successor to the NSB.[7]

Throughout the 1950s, Van Tienen, a bookseller in Utrecht, published revisionist articles in an irregularly appearing periodical, the Nederlands Archief der Conservatieve Revolutie ("Dutch Archive of the Conservative Revolution"). That he was being actively investigated by the Dutch General Intelligence and Security Service is clear from records made public by the Dutch Argus foundation.[8] He also operated a mail-order book-selling business and was arrested[9] and convicted in 1965 of insulting a segment of the population because he sold antisemitic literature.[10] He was sentenced to three months imprisonment and three months probation. He had lost his passport because of his SS involvement and fled to Spain, probably with false papers,[11] where he operated a penny arcade, and died sometime in 1995.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mudde, Cas (2003-02-22). The Ideology of the Extreme Right. Manchester UP. pp. 117–18. ISBN 9780719064463. Retrieved 1 May 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Kroniek extreemrechts: Portretten". Anne Frank Foundation. Retrieved 1 May 2012. 
  3. ^ Luykx, P.; Bootsma, N.A. (1987). De Laatste tijd: geschiedschrijving over Nederland in de 20e eeuw. Aula. p. 184. ISBN 9789027417510. 
  4. ^ "Drie leiders der N.E.S.B. in hechtenis genomen". Utrechts Nieuwsblad. 24 August 1953. p. 1. Retrieved 2 May 2012. 
  5. ^ Schans, Wil van der (2011-07-12). Monitor Racisme and Extremisme: Extreemrechts in Amsterdam. Amsterdam UP. p. 17. ISBN 9789085550495. Retrieved 1 May 2012. 
  6. ^ Art, David (2011-02-21). Inside the Radical Right: The Development of Anti-Immigrant Parties in Western Europe. Cambridge UP. p. 78. ISBN 9780521720328. Retrieved 1 May 2012. 
  7. ^ "Dutch Sentence 2 Pro-Nazis". The New York Times. 15 October 1953. p. 2. 
  8. ^ "Inlichtingendiensten". Argus Foundation, Utrecht. Retrieved 1 May 2012. 
  9. ^ "Zelfde straf geeist tegen P. van Tienen". Utrechts Nieuwsblad. 2 March 1965. p. 1. Retrieved 1 May 2012. 
  10. ^ "Fout na de oorlog". Anne Frank Foundation. Retrieved 10 June 2012. 
  11. ^ "Dutch Former SS Absconds". Information (Association of Jewish Refugees) 20 (10): 4. October 1965. 

External links[edit]