Paulatuk

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Paulatuk
Paulatuuq
Hamlet
The town of Paulatuk in May
The town of Paulatuk in May
Paulatuk is located in Northwest Territories
Paulatuk
Paulatuk
Coordinates: 69°21′05″N 124°04′10″W / 69.35139°N 124.06944°W / 69.35139; -124.06944Coordinates: 69°21′05″N 124°04′10″W / 69.35139°N 124.06944°W / 69.35139; -124.06944
Country Canada
Territory Northwest Territories
Region Inuvik Region
Constituency Nunakput
Census division Region 1
Incorporated (hamlet) 1 April 1987
Government
 • Mayor Ray Ruben Sr.
 • Senior Administrative Officer Greg Morash
 • MLA Jackie Jacobson
Area[1]
 • Land 66.86 km2 (25.81 sq mi)
Elevation 5 m (16 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 313
 • Density 4.7/km2 (12/sq mi)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
Canadian Postal code X0E 1N0
Area code(s) 867
Telephone exchange 580
- Living cost 177.5A
- Food price index 195.9B
Sources:
Department of Municipal and Community Affairs,[2]
Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre,[3]
Canada Flight Supplement[4]
^A 2009 figure based on Edmonton = 100[5]
^B 2010 figure based on Yellowknife = 100[5]

Paulatuk[pronunciation?] is a hamlet located in the Inuvik Region of the Northwest Territories, Canada. It is located adjacent to Darnley Bay, in the Amundsen Gulf. The town was named for the coal that was found in the area in the 1920s, and the Siglitun spelling is Paulatuuq[pronunciation?], "place of coal".[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1996 297 —    
1997 296 −0.3%
1998 304 +2.7%
1999 300 −1.3%
2000 311 +3.7%
2001 319 +2.6%
2002 314 −1.6%
2003 323 +2.9%
2004 305 −5.6%
2005 302 −1.0%
2006 305 +1.0%
2007 309 +1.3%
2008 314 +1.6%
2009 310 −1.3%
2010 327 +5.5%
2011 345 +5.5%
2012 329 −4.6%
Sources: NWT Bureau of Statistics (2001-2012)[5]

Paulatuk, as of the 2011 Census, had a population of 313 an increase of 6.5% over the 2006 Census.[1] In the 2006 census 265 people were listed as Aboriginal and of these, 260 were Inuit (Inuvialuit).[6] The two principal languages spoken in Paulatuk are Inuvialuktun and English.[7] In 2012 the Government of the Northwest Territories reported that the population was 329 with an average yearly growth rate of 0.8 from 2001.[5]

Community[edit]

View down the Paulatuk Airport runway

The community is situated on Letty Harbour and was settled in the 1920s. This was followed a few years later by the Roman Catholic Church which opened a trading post. In the 1950s a Distant Early Warning Line site was built about 95 km (59 mi) to the northeast at Cape Parry, on the Parry Peninsula, providing a wage based income for the community. The trading post was taken over by the local co-op and today the local store is part of The North West Company.[7][8]

Hunting, fishing and trapping are major economic activities, but in recent years art printmaking has played an increasing role in the local economy.[7]

The Smoking Hills which are about 105 km (65 mi) west on the shores of the Arctic Ocean are a scientifically interesting object, since they are diminishing the pH value of the water areas. So the buffer effect has completely disappeared. Located to the east of the community is Tuktut Nogait National Park and Parks Canada has an office in the community.[8]

Services[edit]

Services include a two member Royal Canadian Mounted Police detachment and a health centre with two nurses.[9] Phone services are provided by Northwestel with Internet by SSI Micro and their AirWare service.[10]

The community is part of the Beaufort Delta Education Council[11] and schooling is available up to Grade 12 at the Angik School.[7][12] There is also a community learning centre operated by Aurora College.[7][8]

The community is not accessible by road but there is an airport, Paulatuk (Nora Aliqatchialuk Ruben) Airport, and flights into the community are provided by Aklak Air from Inuvik three times a week.[13] In the summer floatplanes can use the Paulatuk Water Aerodrome and an annual sealift is provided by Northern Transportation Company Limited from Hay River.[14]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Paulatuk (Nora Aliqatchialuk Ruben) Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high Humidex −1.4 −3.0 −0.7 9.4 21.8 29.8 33.4 29.1 22.7 15.5 3.2 1.3 33.4
Record high °C (°F) −0.9
(30.4)
−1.6
(29.1)
0.5
(32.9)
10.5
(50.9)
18.0
(64.4)
27.5
(81.5)
30.3
(86.5)
30.0
(86)
22.3
(72.1)
16.5
(61.7)
7.6
(45.7)
−1.5
(29.3)
30.3
(86.5)
Average high °C (°F) −21.8
(−7.2)
−22.2
(−8)
−19.2
(−2.6)
−9.4
(15.1)
0.0
(32)
10.3
(50.5)
14.4
(57.9)
12.2
(54)
6.0
(42.8)
−3.3
(26.1)
−14.4
(6.1)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−5.5
(22.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −25.6
(−14.1)
−26.2
(−15.2)
−23.5
(−10.3)
−14.3
(6.3)
−3.9
(25)
5.9
(42.6)
10.1
(50.2)
8.7
(47.7)
3.3
(37.9)
−6.0
(21.2)
−17.9
(−0.2)
−22.0
(−7.6)
−9.3
(15.3)
Average low °C (°F) −29.3
(−20.7)
−30.0
(−22)
−27.7
(−17.9)
−19.1
(−2.4)
−7.7
(18.1)
1.5
(34.7)
5.7
(42.3)
5.1
(41.2)
0.7
(33.3)
−8.6
(16.5)
−21.3
(−6.3)
−25.7
(−14.3)
−13.0
(8.6)
Record low °C (°F) −42.0
(−43.6)
−44.4
(−47.9)
−46.9
(−52.4)
−36.8
(−34.2)
−31.0
(−23.8)
−6.4
(20.5)
−3.0
(26.6)
−3.2
(26.2)
−11.0
(12.2)
−34.1
(−29.4)
−37.5
(−35.5)
−38.7
(−37.7)
−46.9
(−52.4)
Wind chill −57.0 −56.7 −58.9 −45.7 −35.9 −11.4 −6.7 −7.9 −18.5 −50.4 −48.6 −53.1 −58.9
Precipitation mm (inches) 12.0
(0.472)
10.3
(0.406)
13.3
(0.524)
9.5
(0.374)
14.4
(0.567)
14.3
(0.563)
21.9
(0.862)
34.5
(1.358)
24.7
(0.972)
25.4
(1)
18.1
(0.713)
14.4
(0.567)
212.9
(8.382)
Rainfall mm (inches) 0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
3.1
(0.122)
13.6
(0.535)
21.9
(0.862)
34.1
(1.343)
18.7
(0.736)
1.4
(0.055)
0.1
(0.004)
0.0
(0)
92.9
(3.657)
Snowfall cm (inches) 14.2
(5.59)
10.7
(4.21)
15.5
(6.1)
11.3
(4.45)
11.5
(4.53)
0.7
(0.28)
0.0
(0)
0.4
(0.16)
6.1
(2.4)
25.1
(9.88)
19.3
(7.6)
17.1
(6.73)
131.8
(51.89)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 8.9 7.7 8.7 6.8 7.5 6.7 8.6 13.1 11.4 12.1 10.8 9.5 111.5
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.4 6.3 8.6 12.9 8.4 0.8 0.1 0.0 38.4
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 8.9 7.7 8.7 6.8 6.2 0.7 0.0 0.6 3.4 11.6 10.9 9.7 75.0
 % humidity 78.7 77.4 80.5 75.2 69.9 78.6 79.6 82.5 80.2 76.9 78.0
Source: Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Paulatuk, HAM Northwest Territories (Census subdivision)
  2. ^ "NWT Communities - Paulatuk". Government of the Northwest Territories: Department of Municipal and Community Affairs. Retrieved 2014-01-16. 
  3. ^ a b Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre - official names
  4. ^ Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 6 February 2014 to 0901Z 3 April 2014
  5. ^ a b c d Paulatuk - Statistical Profile at the GNWT
  6. ^ 2006 Aboriginal Population Profile
  7. ^ a b c d e "Paulatuk profile". Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories. Archived from the original on 7 February 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c Northwestel
  9. ^ Infrastructure
  10. ^ AirWare
  11. ^ BEDC
  12. ^ Angik School
  13. ^ Aklak Air schedule
  14. ^ 2008 sailing schedule
  15. ^ "Paulatuk A" (CSV (3069 KB)). Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Climate ID: 2203057. Retrieved 2014-01-09.