USS Paulding (DD-22)
|Operators:|| United States Navy
United States Coast Guard
|Preceded by:||Smith-class destroyer|
|Succeeded by:||Cassin-class destroyer|
|Displacement:||742 tons (normal)
887 tons (full load)
|Length:||293 ft 0 in (89.31 m) overall|
|Beam:||26 ft 3 in (8.00 m)|
|Draft:||8 ft 0 in (2.44 m)|
|Propulsion:||4 oil-fired Normand boilers
3 Parsons steam turbines
12,000 ihp (8,948 kW) shaft horsepower
|Speed:||29.5 knots (54.6 km/h; 33.9 mph)|
|Capacity:||236 tons oil (fuel)|
|Armament:||Five 3 inch/50 caliber (76 mm) guns
Six 18 inch (457 mm) torpedo tubes (3 x 2)
The Paulding-class destroyers were a modification of the Smith-class with the torpedo tubes increased from three to six via twin mounts. This was an easy upgrade, as the new design twin mounts actually weighed less than the older single mounts. The 21 Pauldings doubled the number of destroyers in the US Navy. The newer class burned oil rather than coal and had 12,000 shaft horsepower (shp) instead of 10,000 shp, lightening the ships and making them about a knot faster.
Generally 21 ships, hull numbers 22 through 42, are considered Pauldings. However, some rate the hull numbers 32 through 42 as the Monaghan class. Others break hulls 24-28, 30, 31, 33 and 36 as Roe class, with hulls 32, 35, and 38-42 as Monaghan class. Curiously, Jane′s Fighting Ships of World War I refers to hulls 22-42 as the 21 [ships of the] Drayton-class, going on to say "Unofficially known as ′Flivver Type′"; the book includes Paulding in the class listing, but not as the class leader.
The Paulding class derived its name from the lead ship of the series, USS Paulding (DD-22), named after Rear Admiral Hiram Paulding (1797-1878). Like the Smiths, they were nicknamed flivvers after the small and shaky Model T Ford once the larger "thousand tonner" destroyers entered service. The ships were all commissioned between 1910 and 1912, and were active throughout World War I, primarily as convoy escorts in the Atlantic . At least some of the class were equipped with one or two depth charge racks for this mission.
These ships served in the United States Navy; twelve were transferred to the United States Coast Guard 1924-30 for the Rum Patrol; and all were scrapped 1934-35 to comply with the London Naval Treaty.
There was some variation in engineering among the ships of this class. The most visible was that hulls 24-27, 30-32, 34, 36, 37, 39, and 40 had three stacks instead of four, with the middle stack being larger as two boiler uptakes were trunked together in it. Although most ships' turbines were arranged as in the Smith-class, hulls 26-27, 30-31, and 34 had two turbines on two shafts (Zoelly or Curtis), with cruising stages included in the turbine casings. From DD-32 on, Thornycroft boilers instead of Normand were equipped.
Ships in class
The 21 ships of the Paulding class were:
|USS Paulding (DD-22)||Bath Iron Works||24 July 1909||12 April 1910||29 September 1910||August 1919||USCG 1924-30, scrapped 1934|
|USS Drayton (DD-23)||Bath Iron Works||1909||22 August 1910||29 October 1910||17 November 1919||Scrapped 1935|
|USS Roe (DD-24)||Newport News||3 August 1908||24 July 1909||17 September 1910||December 1919||USCG 1924-30, scrapped 1934|
|USS Terry (DD-25)||Newport News||8 February 1909||21 August 1909||18 October 1910||13 November 1919||USCG 1924-30, scrapped 1934|
|USS Perkins (DD-26)||Fore River Ship and Engine||22 March 1909||9 April 1910||18 November 1910||5 December 1919||Scrapped 1935|
|USS Sterett (DD-27)||Fore River Ship and Engine||22 March 1909||12 May 1910||15 December 1910||9 December 1919||Scrapped 1935|
|USS McCall (DD-28)||New York Shipbuilding||8 June 1909||4 June 1910||23 January 1911||12 December 1919||USCG 1924-30, scrapped 1934|
|USS Burrows (DD-29)||New York Shipbuilding||19 June 1909||23 June 1910||21 February 1911||12 December 1919||USCG 1925-31, scrapped 1934|
|USS Warrington (DD-30)||William Cramp & Sons||21 June 1909||18 June 1910||20 March 1911||31 January 1920||Scrapped 1935|
|USS Mayrant (DD-31)||William Cramp & Sons||22 April 1909||23 April 1910||12 July 1911||12 December 1919||Scrapped 1935|
|USS Monaghan (DD-32)||Newport News||1 June 1910||18 February 1911||21 June 1911||4 November 1919||USCG 1924-31, scrapped 1934|
|USS Trippe (DD-33)||Bath Iron Works||12 April 1910||20 December 1910||23 March 1911||6 November 1919||USCG 1924-31, scrapped 1934|
|USS Walke (DD-34)||Fore River Ship and Engine||5 March 1910||3 November 1910||22 July 1911||12 December 1919||Scrapped 1935|
|USS Ammen (DD-35)||New York Shipbuilding||29 March 1910||20 September 1910||23 May 1911||11 December 1919||USCG 1924-31, scrapped 1934|
|USS Patterson (DD-36)||William Cramp & Sons||29 March 1910||29 April 1911||11 October 1911||1 January 1919||USCG 1924-30, scrapped 1934|
|USS Fanning (DD-37)||Newport News||1911||11 January 1912||21 June 1912||24 November 1919||USCG 1924-30, scrapped 1934|
|USS Jarvis (DD-38)||New York Shipbuilding||1 July 1911||4 April 1912||22 October 1912||26 November 1919||Scrapped 1935|
|USS Henley (DD-39)||Fore River Ship and Engine||1911||3 April 1912||6 December 1912||12 December 1919||USCG 1924-31, scrapped 1934|
|USS Beale (DD-40)||William Cramp & Sons||8 May 1911||30 April 1912||30 August 1912||25 October 1919||USCG 1924-30, scrapped 1934|
|USS Jouett (DD-41)||Bath Iron Works||7 March 1911||15 April 1912||24 May 1912||24 November 1919||USCG 1924-31, scrapped 1935|
|USS Jenkins (DD-42)||Bath Iron Works||24 March 1911||29 April 1912||15 June 1912||31 October 1919||Scrapped 1935|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Paulding class destroyers.|
- Friedman, Norman "US Destroyers: An Illustrated Design History (Revised Edition)", Naval Institute Press, Annapolis:2004, ISBN 1-55750-442-3.
- Gardiner, Robert, Conway's all the world's fighting ships 1906-1921 Conway Maritime Press, 1985. ISBN 0-85177-245-5.
- Jane's Fighting Ships of World War I. London: Random House Group, Ltd. 2001. p. 147. ISBN 1-85170-378-0.
- Silverstone, Paul H., U.S. Warships of World War I (Ian Allan, 1970), ISBN 0-71100-095-6.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.
- Tin Can Sailors @ Destroyers.org - Paulding class destroyer
- DestroyerHistory.org Paulding class destroyer
- DestroyerHistory.org Flivver type destroyers
- NavSource Destroyer Photo Index Page
- DiGiulian, Tony Navweaps.com 3"/50 Mks 2, 3, 5, 6, and 8
- DiGiulian, Tony Navweaps.com Pre-WWII US Torpedoes
- US Navy Torpedo History, part 2