Paulet Island

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Paulet Island
Paulet.Is.Dec.04.jpg
Paulet Island, December 2004
Elevation 353 m (1,158 ft)[1]
Prominence 353 m (1,158 ft)
Location
Location Antarctic Peninsula, Antarctica
Coordinates 63°35′S 55°47′W / 63.583°S 55.783°W / -63.583; -55.783[1]
Geology
Type Cinder cone[1]
Last eruption Unknown
Paulet Island
Wfm antarctic peninsula islands.png
Map of Graham Land, showing Paulet Island (10)
Geography
Location Antarctica
Coordinates Coordinates: 63°35′S 55°47′W / 63.583°S 55.783°W / -63.583; -55.783
Length 1.5 km (0.93 mi)
Width 1.5 km (0.93 mi)
Country
Demographics
Population 0
Additional information
Administered under the Antarctic Treaty System

Paulet Island is a circular island about 1.5 km (0.93 mi) in diameter, lying 4.5 km (2.8 mi) south-east of Dundee Island, off the north-eastern end of the Antarctic Peninsula. Because of its large penguin colony, it is a popular destination for sightseeing tours.

Description[edit]

The island is composed of lava flows capped by a cinder cone with a small summit crater. Geothermal heat keeps parts of the island ice-free, and the youthful morphology of the volcano suggests that it was last active within the last 1,000 years.[1]

Historic monuments[edit]

Paulet Island was discovered by a British expedition (1839–1843) under James Clark Ross and named by him for Captain the Right Honorable Lord George Paulet, Royal Navy. In 1903 during the Swedish Antarctic Expedition led by Otto Nordenskiöld his ship Antarctic was crushed and sunk by the ice off the coast of the island. A stone hut built in February 1903 by shipwreck survivors, together with the grave of an expedition member, and the cairn built on the highest point of the island to draw the attention of rescuers, have been designated a Historic Site or Monument (HSM 41), following a proposal by Argentina and the United Kingdom to the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting.[2]

Important Bird Area[edit]

The island has been identified as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by BirdLife International because it supports a very large breeding colony of about 100,000 pairs of Adélie penguins. Other birds known to nest on the island include imperial shags, snow petrels and kelp gulls.[3]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Paulet". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=1900-041.
  2. ^ "List of Historic Sites and Monuments approved by the ATCM (2012)". Antarctic Treaty Secretariat. 2012. Retrieved 2013-12-31. 
  3. ^ "Paulet Island". BirdLife data zone: Important Bird Areas. BirdLife International. 2013. Retrieved 2013-01-12. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Antarctica. Sydney: Reader's Digest, 1985, pp. 152–159.
  • Child, Jack. Antarctica and South American Geopolitics: Frozen Lebensraum. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1988, pp. 69, 72.
  • Lonely Planet, Antarctica: a Lonely Planet Travel Survival Kit, Oakland, CA: Lonely Planet Publications, 1996, 302.
  • Stewart, Andrew, Antarctica: An Encyclopedia. London: McFarland and Co., 1990 (2 volumes), p 752.
  • U.S. National Science Foundation, Geographic Names of the Antarctic, Fred G. Alberts, ed. Washington: NSF, 1980.
  • LeMasurier, W. E.; Thomson, J. W. (eds.) (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Oceans. American Geophysical Union. p. 512 pp. ISBN 0-87590-172-7. 

External links[edit]