|The Venerable Pauline-Marie Jaricot|
|Born||21 July 1799
|Died||9 January 1862
|Honored in||Roman Catholic Church|
Pauline-Marie Jaricot (born at Lyon, 21 July 1799; died there, 9 January 1862) was a French laywoman, the foundress of the Society of the Propagation of the Faith and the Association of the Living Rosary.
Pauline-Marie Jaricot was the daughter of an aristocratic family in 19th-century Lyons, France. Her brother, Phileas, was a missionary in French Indochina (now Vietnam). At the age of seventeen, after a serious illness and the death of her mother, she began to lead a life of intense prayer, and on Christmas Day, 1816, took a vow of perpetual virginity. She established a union of prayer among pious servant girls, the members of which were known as the "Réparatrices du Sacré-Coeur de Jésus-Christ".
As a member of an association founded by the Fathers of the Foreign Missions of Paris, she was a pioneer of organized missionary co-operation. With the women employees in the silk factory run by her sister and brother-in-law, she resolved to help the missions with prayers and a small weekly contribution of one penny a week from each person involved. This eventually led to the founding of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith in 1822, dedicated to helping missionary efforts worldwide. On May 3, 1922 Pope Pius XI declares the Society for the Propagation of the Faith "Pontifical".
In 1826 she founded the Association of the Living Rosary. The fifteen decades of the Rosary were divided among fifteen associates, each of whom had to recite daily only one determined decade. A second object of the new foundation was the spread of good books and articles of piety.
She became very ill and on August 10, 1835 she was healed by Saint Philomena during a pilgrimage to Mungnano Italy, this is the miracle that began the process of beatification of Saint Philomena.
An undertaking of Pauline's in the interest of social reform involved her in considerable financial difficulties and ended in failure. She had to endure a tremendous amount of insults for bankruptcy that she had to declare in 1862 and lived the rest of her life in absolute poverty. She died on 9 January 1862 in Lyon.
Since 1935 the mortal remains of Pauline-Marie Jaricot lie in the Church of Saint-Nizier in Lyon.
In a homily on 9 January 2013, at the end of the celebrations commemorating on the 150th anniversary of her death, Cardinal Fernando Filoni, Prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, stated,"Jaricot’s heroic virtues do not consist in a series of miraculous events, but in that fruitful fidelity to Christ, to whom she devoted herself both in good times and in ... difficult ...moments...."
- Brinker, Jennifer."Society for the Propagation of the Faith foundress is example of worldwide missionary vision", St. Louis Review, 23 May 2012
- Weber, Nicholas. "Pauline-Marie Jaricot." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 8. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 4 Apr. 2013
- Windeatt, Mary F.: Pauline Jaricot: Foundress of the Living Rosary and the Society for the Propagation of the Faith (Rockford, IL: Tan Books and Publishers, Inc.: 1993)
- Address of John Paul II to Mission Societies, 15 May 1997
- "Commemoration Day for Pauline Jaricot, foundress of the Pontifical Society for the Propagation of the Faith: 9 January in Lyon", Agenzia Fides, 9 January 2012
- "150th Anniversary of Pauline-Marie Jaricot’s death", Agenzia Fides, 9 January 2013
- "Pauline Jaricot, fruitful fidelity to Christ and farsighted commitment to evangelization", Agenzia Fides, 10 January 2013