Pauline Davis-Thompson (born July 9, 1966) is a former Bahamiansprinter of Jamaican descent. She competed at five Olympics, a rarity for a track and field athlete. She won her first medal at her fourth Olympics and her first gold medals at her fifth Olympics (Sydney 2000) at age 34 in the 4x100m Relay and, after Marion Jones' belated disqualification nine years later, in the 200m.
She ran at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics the following year and although she narrowly missed out on a medal in the 400 m, she helped the Bahamian team to a silver medal in the 4 x 100 metres relay. She suffered a dip in form in 1997 – she made both the 400 m and 100 m relay finals but failed to win a medal in either event. She received her first World Championships gold medal two years later, in 1999, aiding the Bahamian relay team to victory.
She won a gold medal in both the 200 metres and the 4x100 m relay at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney. She originally finished in second place in the women's 200 m behind Marion Jones, but in October 2007 Jones admitted taking performance enhancing drugs and was stripped of the title. On December 9, 2009, Davis-Thompson was finally awarded the gold medal.
After her track career, she went into athletics administration, being elected to the IAAF council in 2007.