Paulist Fathers

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Paulist Fathers
CSP logo.png
Paulist Fathers Logo
Abbreviation CSP
Motto "Missionaries Giving the Gospel a Voice Today"
Formation July 7, 1858, New York City, NY, USA
Type Society of apostolic life
Purpose Missionaries to North America
Headquarters Jamaica Estates, Queens, New York City
Region served
North America
Membership Roman Catholic Priests
President
Very Reverend Michael B. McGarry, C.S.P.
Main organ
Council
Parent organization
Roman Catholic Church
Staff Approx. 100 Priests active
Website http://www.paulist.org/

The Missionary Society of Saint Paul the Apostle, better known as the Paulist Fathers, is a Roman Catholic society of apostolic life for men founded in New York City in 1858 by Servant of God Fr. Isaac Thomas Hecker in collaboration with Fr. George Deshon, Fr. Augustine Hewit, and Fr. Francis A. Baker. Members of the society identify themselves as such by the use of the initials C.S.P. after their names, for the Congregation of St. Paul.

North American focus[edit]

The Paulist Fathers were the first religious community of priests created in North America. Its mission is to evangelize the people of North America in a manner particularly suited to the continent's culture. In addition to evangelization, the Paulists have taken on ministries of ecumenism, interfaith relations, and reconciliation. The Paulists seek to be a bridge between contemporary culture and Catholicism, using media to accomplish this end, beginning in print with the founding of Catholic World magazine in 1865 and continuing with the Paulist Press and its ministries in radio, film, and on the Internet.

Because the Paulist Fathers' primary mission has been the conversion of the American people and society, almost all of its foundations (as Paulist centers of ministry are called) and priests are located in the USA. There are Paulist Foundations in 13 U.S. states; there are also foundations in Toronto and Rome.

Hecker and the early years[edit]

Founder Isaac Hecker, circa 1887

Servant of God Isaac Heckerwho was a Priest of the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer (Redemptorists), as were all the founding members of the Paulists. Following their conversion to Catholicism, they wanted to create an institute of priests that could evangelize to the people of North America in ways that would be more effective than the previous methods. Hecker’s notion of what constituted ‘more effective’ means or techniques of evangelization brought him into conflict with the leadership of the Redemptorist community, which ultimately resulted in him being expelled. Hecker was supported by Redemptorist Fathers George Deshon, Augustine Hewit, Francis Baker, and Clarence Walworth, who were themselves converts to Catholicism from the Episcopal Church and were influenced significantly by the Oxford Movement. Hecker and his companions were soon after dispensed from their Redemptorist vows and were granted permission to found the Paulist Fathers in 1858 as the Missionary Priests of Saint Paul the Apostle, in honor of Paul of Tarsus, by Pope Pius IX.

The Paulists got their start in the Archdiocese of New York, establishing their headquarters in a parish on 59th Street appropriately named Church of St. Paul the Apostle, granted them by John Hughes. Hecker conceived the Paulists to be a smaller community with a specific missionary focus. From their headquarters in New York City, they began their task of performing missionary work to non-Catholics. With the outbreak of the American Civil War the northern-based Paulists were compelled to cancel their southern missions.

Archbishop Hughes appealed to West Point graduate George Deshon to serve as a chaplain to a New York Brigade, but given that the Paulists were a newly created community and were so few in number, Father Deshon declined. During the New York Draft Riots of 1863 the Paulists attempted to dissuade people from violence, but only marginally succeed as efforts were hampered when Father Augustine Hewit was wounded in such an effort.

In 1866, under Hecker's guidance, the Paulist Press was created, adding the written word to the Paulist mission. In 1870, a magazine for Catholic youth, The Young Catholic, was also created. In 1875, the first Paulist missionaries set sail for California; other missions quickly followed in Rhode Island, Kentucky, Michigan, and as far north as Quebec. In 1925, they established WLWL, their own radio station in New York. Around 1935, the Paulists outfitted motor trailers as chapels and began a series of missions to rural areas such in states such as South Carolina, Tennessee and Utah.

The Paulists today[edit]

Paulists at work

The Paulist Fathers continue to devote themselves to missionary work in the United States. They believe, as Hecker did, that they are led by the Holy Spirit in this mission. Modern Paulists prize freedom, prefer to be welcoming and inclusive, are optimistic, humorous, and they also enjoy working with laypersons. The Society recently created the Paulist Associate program for lay people who wish to associate themselves with the Paulist charism and spirituality by making a commitment to personify the ideals of the Paulist in their daily lives. The Paulists are a Society of Apostolic Life, meaning they do not take the traditional vows of consecrated life; rather, by means of promises they are supposed to pursue their mission through living in community and developing holiness in their lives.

In addition to serving as Parish Priests at their Foundations, the Paulists continue their mission of evangelization by means of the Paulist National Catholic Evangelization Association, National Offices, publishing and film companies as well as Paulist Mission Preachers. Currently, the Society has 20 Priests who are listed as available for missions. The form the missions take is largely dependent on which Paulist is giving it; as the Paulists’ put significant emphasis on the cultivation of individuality throughout formation, each Paulist presents his message in a unique way. The Paulists have also relatively recently created National Offices to head up some of their more important ministries.

The Paulist Office for Reconciliation is a ministry intended by the Paulists as a means of fostering listening, dialogue, healing, and reconciliation with those members of the Catholic community who feel alienated, or, for whatever reason, outside of the community. The office seeks to create processes, resource materials, forums, and leaders for the purpose of healing wounds and reconnecting persons with the Church.

Paulist Father in discussion with Buddhist Monk

The Paulist National Office of Ecumenism and Interfaith Relations has the distinct mission of serving the Paulists' commitment to working towards unity amongst ‘the body of Christ’ and fostering understanding, respect, and collaboration with members of other world religions. The office was initially created as a means of updating and educating Paulists in these two fields as to how to go about integrating initiatives in a local context, but later adopted the additional role of offering consultative visits at campuses, parishes, retreats, and conferences. The office also maintains a newsletter and provides articles and resources for online ministries.

The Paulist Office for Young Adult Ministries is intended to assist young adults in the exploration of their spirituality as well as in the ‘richness’ of the Catholic tradition by connecting them to faith communities where their individual gifts and faith may be utilized and cultivated. The office seeks to promote youth integration and leadership amongst Christian communities and desires to see issues and concerns of youth addressed by Church leaders and organizations. This Paulist ministry has many forms such as Busted Halo which is an online spiritual magazine for peoples in their 20s and 30s; in addition, the Busted Halo Show, featuring Father Dave Dwyer, CSP, was picked up by the Catholic Channel on Sirius Satellite Radio. The office also hosts young adult retreats and, on occasion, hosts forums and gives presentations. Paulists also have a number of Newman Centers and campus ministries at several major universities throughout the United States; they consider this form of ministry one of their highest priorities.

The Paulist Press continues its ministry through the written word today. It seeks to be a bridge between faith and culture by means of publishing materials that are both intellectually engaging and spiritually fulfilling. It is a well established publisher of hardcover and paperback books as well as audio and visual tapes, DVDs, and educational materials and resources for parish renewal. One of its more popular and successful collections is the Classics of Western Spirituality series. Paulist Press also maintains an online journal, founded by Father Hecker, called The Catholic World, which is a collection of articles on faith and culture.

Built in 1928, since the 1960s this has been the home of Paulist Productions

Paulist Productions was founded by Father Ellwood Kieser, CSP, in California around 1960. It today creates films and television programs on a variety of subjects, but always with the intent of ensuring that spiritual concerns and matters are at the heart of the production. Paulist Productions has received a number of awards and continues to develop and produce an assortment of films and series. Some of its more successful films have been Romero, Entertaining Angels: The Dorothy Day Story, and The Twelve Apostles.

Pope Francis, who is a Jesuit, has chosen the Paulist Fathers' retreat center in Ariccia, Italy as the site for 2014 of the annual week-long Lent spiritual exercises and retreat of the Pope and the Roman Curia. The retreats, which originally were in Advent, usually featured Jesuits as the preacher and were held in the Redemptoris Mater Chapel of the Apostolic Palace. Monsignor Angelo De Donatis, a Roman diocesan parish pastor and noted spiritual director with his own spirituality center, has been chosen to preach.[1] had long been held in the Redemptoris

Current leadership[edit]

Its President, Vice-President, and Council of the Paulist Fathers are elected to four-year terms; in addition, a First Consultor is appointed by the President. The current President of the Paulist Fathers is the Very Reverend Michael B. McGarry, C.S.P., who succeeded Fr. John Duffy, C.S.P. in May 2010.

Becoming a Paulist[edit]

Training to become a Paulist priest is similar to other religious institutes. The Society is open to single Catholic men with an undergraduate degree that are in good standing with the Church. Training consists of three phases that takes usually 6 years to complete. The first phase of formation is a yearlong novitiate, designed to introduce the individual to Paulist life and to help them decide if the Paulist life is for them. The next phase consists of two years of philosophical and theological studies; followed by a one year apostolate at a Paulist Foundation. On return from his apostolate, he returns to school for two more years and, if successful, will be awarded a Master of Divinity degree. As the Paulist Seminary and Novitiate is located at St. Paul's College in Washington, DC, Paulist students have a choice of attending either the Catholic University of America or the Washington Theological Union. Near the end of his studies, the Society then decides whether he will proceed to ordination to the Diaconate. Once a Deacon, the last phase of formation is a yearlong pastoral internship, at the end of which the individual is ordained a Priest in the Missionary Society of Saint Paul the Apostle.

Patrons[edit]

Patrons of the Paulist Fathers include the Virgin Mary, St. Paul the Apostle, St. Joseph, St. Alphonsus Liguori, St. Francis de Sales, St. Thomas Aquinas, St. Patrick, St. Philip Neri, St. Teresa of Avila, St. John of the Cross, St. Mary Magdalene and St. Elizabeth Seton.

Paulist foundations[edit]

Location Foundation Contact
California, USA Newman Hall-Holy Spirit Parish, University of California, Berkeley 2700 Dwight Way

Berkeley, CA 94704 Phone: 510-848-7812

California, USA Church of St. Paul the Apostle 10750 Ohio Avenue

Los Angeles, CA 90024 Phone: 310-474-1527

California, USA UCLA University Catholic Center 633 Gayley Avenue

Los Angeles, CA 90024 Phone: 310-208-5015/5016

California, USA Holy Family Chinese Mission 660 California Street

San Francisco, CA 94108 Phone: 415-929-4697

California, USA Old St. Mary's Cathedral 660 California Street

San Francisco, CA 94108-2566 Phone: 415-288-3800

California, USA St. Mary's Chinese School & Center 910 Broadway

San Francisco, CA 94133-4204 Phone: 415-929-4690

District of Columbia, USA North American Paulist Center 3015 Fourth Street NE

Washington, D.C. 20017-1102 Phone: 202-832-6262

District of Columbia, USA Hecker Center for Ministry 3025 Fourth Street NE

Washington, DC 20017-1102 Phone: 202-832-6262

Florida, USA Paulist Fathers Residence 1225 20th Avenue

Vero Beach, FL 32960 Phone: 772-562-0500

Massachusetts, USA Paulist Center 5 Park Street

Boston, MA 02108 Phone: 617-742-4460

Michigan, USA Catholic Information Center 360 Division Ave S., Suite 2A

Grand Rapids, MI 49503 Phone: 616-459-7267

Michigan, USA St. Luke University Parish P.O. Box 94

Allendale, MI 49401-0094 Phone: 616-328-3382

Minnesota, USA St. Lawrence Catholic Church & Newman Center

Staffing changed from Paulist Fathers to Archdiocese of Saint Paul and Minneapolis as of August 31st, 2013

1203 Fifth Street, S.E.

Minneapolis, MN 55414 Phone: 612-331-7941

New York, USA St. Mary's on the Lake P.O. Box 31

Lake George, NY 12845 Phone: 518-668-5594

New York, USA Church of St. Paul the Apostle 405 West 59th Street

New York, NY 10019 Phone: 212-265-3495

New York, USA General Office (Headquarters) 86-11 Midland Parkway

Jamaica Estates, NY 11432 Phone: 718-291-5995

New York, USA Paulist Fathers 415 West 59th Street

New York, NY 10019 Phone: 212-265-3209

Ohio, USA Ohio State University Thomas More Newman Center 64 West Lane Avenue

Columbus, OH 43201 Phone: 614-291-4674

Oregon, USA Paulist Northwest Center for Evangelization and Reconciliation 2408 S.E. 16th Avenue

Portland, OR 97214 Telephone: 503-231-4955

Oregon, USA St. Philip Neri Church 2408 S.E. 16th Avenue

Portland, OR 97214 Phone: 503-231-4955

Tennessee, USA Immaculate Conception Church 414 West Vine Avenue

Knoxville, TN 37902 Phone: 865-522-1508

Tennessee, USA John XXIII University Parish, University of Tennessee 1710 Melrose Place

Knoxville, TN 37916 Phone: 865-523-7931

Tennessee, USA St. Patrick's Church 277 South Fourth Street

Memphis, TN 38126 Phone: 901-527-2542

Texas, USA St. Austin Catholic Parish 2026 Guadalupe Street

Austin, TX 78705-5609 Phone: 512-477-9471

Texas, USA University Catholic Center, University of Texas 2010 University Avenue

Austin, TX 78705-5609 Phone: 512-476-7351

Texas, USA St. Paul the Apostle Chapel 201 Dalton Circle

Horseshoe Bay, TX 78657 Phone: 830-598-8342

Ontario, CAN Paulist Centre for Catholic Evangelization 830 Bathurst Street

Toronto, ON M5R 3G1 Phone: 416-534-2326

Ontario, CAN St. Peter's Parish 659 Markham Street

Toronto, ON M6G 2M1 Phone: 416-534-4219

Rome, ITA Church of Santa Susanna Via Antonio Salandra 6

00187, Rome, Italy Phone: 011-3906-4201-4554

References[edit]

Specific citations
General references
  • Hecker: A Missionary to North America. The Paulist Fathers, 997 Macarthur Boulevard, Mahwah, N.J. 07430
  • What Makes the Paulists Different? Vocations Office, the Paulist Fathers, 415 West 59th Street, New York, New York, 10019
  • Paulists and the Civil War, Paulist Office for History and Archives, North American Paulist Center, 3015 4th NE, Washington, DC, 20017
  • On the Road: The History of Paulist Missions, Father John E. Lynch, C.S.P.,Paulist Office for History and Archives, North American Paulist Center, 3015 4th NE, Washington, DC, 20017
  • Isaac Hecker: An American Catholic. By David J. O'Brien. New York: Paulist Press, 1992.
  • Isaac Hecker and his Friends. By Joseph McSorley. New York: Paulist Press, 1972.

External links[edit]