Paullinia pinnata

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Paullinia pinnata
Paullinia pinnata MS 4722.JPG
inflorescences of Paullinia pinnata, near F.Cl. de Patako, Senegal
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Sapindaceae
Genus: Paullinia
Species: P. pinnata
Binomial name
Paullinia pinnata
L.

Paullinia pinnata is a flowering plant species in the genus of Paullinia found in South America and Africa.

The long flexible stems of P. pinnata are used to poison fish in shallow pools, as described by the English naturalist Henry Walter Bates in his book The Naturalist on the River Amazons.[1]

Fruits of Paullinia pinnata. Photo taken at the Nazinon river, Burkina Faso.

Chemistry[edit]

The plant contains the ceramide paullinomide A, β-amyrin, steroids, the coumarinolignoid 2-(4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-3-hydroxymethyl-2,3-dihydro-1,4,5-trioxaphenanthren-6-one, 5α-poriferastane-3ß,6α-diol and l-quebrachitol.[2] It also contains the triterpenoids lupeyl steryl ether, 3-oxo-11α-hydroxyl-20(29)lupen and the lupeol-3-isovanniloyl ester paullinoyl (3-O-isovanilloyl-3R,5R,8R,9R,10R,13R,14S,17S,18R,19R-lup-20(29)-en),[3] and the flavone glycosides diosmetin-7-O-(2‘ ‘-O-β-d-apiofuranosyl-6‘ ‘-acetyl-β-d-glucopyranoside) and tricetin-4‘-O-methyl-7-O-(2‘ ‘-O-β-d-apiofuranosyl-6‘ ‘-acetyl-β-d-glucopyranoside).[4]

Ecology[edit]

A number of lepidopteran larvae (Morpho polyphemus, Fresna nyassae, Neptis trigonophora, Brenthia elongata, Charaxes lycurgus, Charaxes zelica, Euphaedra medon, Euphaedra harpalyce, Neptis clarei, Neptis nysiades, Neptis rogersi, Neptis troundi) feed on P. pinnata.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bates, H. W. (1864). The naturalist on the River Amazons, a record of adventures, habits of animals, sketches of Brazilian and Indian life and aspects of nature under the Equator during eleven years of travel. London: J. Murray. Second edition. (Reprinted in paperback facsimile, Elibron Classics, 2005.) Page 242.
  2. ^ Chemical Constituents of Klainedoxa gabonenses and Paullinia pinnata. Etienne Dongo, Hidayat Hussain, Renadin S. Miemanang, Dagobert Tazoo, Barbara Schulz and Karsten Krohn, Rec. Nat. Prod., 2009, volume 3, issue 3 , pages 165-169 (article)
  3. ^ New triterpene isovanniloyl and antibacterial activity of constituents from the roots of Paullinia pinnata Linn (Sapindaceae)A.A. Lasisi, B.W. Ayinde, A.O. Adeleye, P.A. Onocha, I.A. Oladosu and P.A. Idowu, Journal of Saudi Chemical Society, doi:10.1016/j.jscs.2011.12.012
  4. ^ Two New Flavone Glycosides from Paullinia pinnata. Ehab A. Abourashed, Ngeh J. Toyang, John Choinski Jr. and Ikhlas A. Khan, J. Nat. Prod., 1999, volume 62, issue 8, pages 1179–1181, doi:10.1021/np990063z

External links[edit]