Paulsboro, New Jersey

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Paulsboro, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Paulsboro
Map of Paulsboro highlighted within Gloucester County. Inset: Location of Gloucester County in New Jersey.
Map of Paulsboro highlighted within Gloucester County. Inset: Location of Gloucester County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Paulsboro, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Paulsboro, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°50′24″N 75°14′24″W / 39.839975°N 75.23996°W / 39.839975; -75.23996Coordinates: 39°50′24″N 75°14′24″W / 39.839975°N 75.23996°W / 39.839975; -75.23996[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Gloucester
Incorporated March 2, 1904
Named for Samuel Phillip Paul
Government[6]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Williard J. Hamilton (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Administrator John S. Salvatore[4]
 • Clerk Kathy A. VanScoy[5]
Area[1]
 • Total 2.605 sq mi (6.745 km2)
 • Land 1.896 sq mi (4.910 km2)
 • Water 0.709 sq mi (1.836 km2)  27.21%
Area rank 367th of 566 in state
16th of 24 in county[1]
Elevation[7] 20 ft (6 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 6,097
 • Estimate (2013)[11] 6,023
 • Rank 342nd of 566 in state
14th of 24 in county[12]
 • Density 3,216.4/sq mi (1,241.9/km2)
 • Density rank 205th of 566 in state
5th of 24 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08066[13][14]
Area code(s) 856 exchanges: 224, 423, 467, 599[15]
FIPS code 3401557150[1][16][17]
GNIS feature ID 0885344[6][18]
Website www.paulsboronj.org

Paulsboro is a borough in Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 6,097,[8][9][10] reflecting a decline of 63 (-1.0%) from the 6,160 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 417 (-6.3%) from the 6,577 counted in the 1990 Census.[19]

Paulsboro was formed as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 2, 1904, from portions of Greenwich Township.[20] It was named for Samuel Phillip Paul, son of a settler.[21]

Geography[edit]

Paulsboro is located at 39°50′24″N 75°14′24″W / 39.839975°N 75.23996°W / 39.839975; -75.23996 (39.839975,-75.23996). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.605 square miles (6.745 km2), of which, 1.896 square miles (4.910 km2) of it was land and 0.709 square miles (1.836 km2) of it (27.21%) of it was water.[1][2]

The borough borders West Deptford Township, East Greenwich Township, Greenwich Township and the Delaware River.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 2,121
1920 4,352 105.2%
1930 7,121 63.6%
1940 7,011 −1.5%
1950 7,842 11.9%
1960 8,121 3.6%
1970 8,084 −0.5%
1980 6,944 −14.1%
1990 6,577 −5.3%
2000 6,160 −6.3%
2010 6,097 −1.0%
Est. 2013 6,023 [11][22] −1.2%
Population sources:
1910-2000[23] 1910-1920[24] 1910[25]
1910-1930[26] 1930-1990[27]
2000[28][29] 2010[8][9][10]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 6,097 people, 2,286 households, and 1,591 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,216.4 per square mile (1,241.9/km2). There were 2,533 housing units at an average density of 1,336.2 per square mile (515.9/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 54.49% (3,322) White, 36.72% (2,239) Black or African American, 0.34% (21) Native American, 0.71% (43) Asian, 0.07% (4) Pacific Islander, 2.35% (143) from other races, and 5.33% (325) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 8.89% (542) of the population.[8]

There were 2,286 households, of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.7% were married couples living together, 28.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.16.[8]

In the borough, 28.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.7 years. For every 100 females there were 88.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.4 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $43,846 (with a margin of error of +/- $9,449) and the median family income was $61,147 (+/- $5,392). Males had a median income of $51,923 (+/- $6,640) versus $37,826 (+/- $5,863) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $21,061 (+/- $2,252). About 8.2% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.6% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.[30]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 6,160 people, 2,353 households, and 1,614 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,140.8 people per square mile (1,213.5/km2). There were 2,628 housing units at an average density of 1,339.9 per square mile (517.7/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 63.56% White, 31.64% African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 1.31% from other races, and 2.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.35% of the population.[28][29]

There were 2,353 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.0% were married couples living together, 24.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.4% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.15.[28][29]

In the borough the population was spread out with 28.8% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.7 males.[28][29]

The median income for a household in the borough was $35,569, and the median income for a family was $41,359. Males had a median income of $32,313 versus $24,779 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $16,368. About 14.6% of families and 17.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.0% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.[28][29]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Paulsboro is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[6] The Borough form of government used by Paulsboro, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.[31][32]

As of 2013, the Mayor of the Borough of Paulsboro is Democrat W. Jeffery Hamilton, whose term of office ends December 31, 2015. Members of the Paulsboro Borough Council are Council President John A. Giovannitti (D, 2013), Alfonso G. Giampola (D, 2014; serving an unexpired term), Larry Haynes, Sr. (D, 2015), Joe L. Kidd (D, 2014), Gary C. Stevenson (D, 2013; serving an unexpired term) and Jennifer Turner (D, 2015).[33][34][35][36][37]

Gary Stevenson was chosen in January 2012 to fill the vacant council seat of W. Jeffery Hamilton expiring in 2013, who left his seat after being sworn in as mayor.[38] Alfonso Giampola was appointed in May 2012 to fill the vacant seat of Paul Morina for a term ending in 2014.[39]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Paulsboro is located in the 1st Congressional District[40] and is part of New Jersey's 3rd state legislative district.[9][41][42]

New Jersey's First Congressional District is represented by Donald Norcross (D, Camden).[43] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[44][45] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[46][47]

The 3rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Stephen M. Sweeney (D, West Deptford Township) and in the General Assembly by John J. Burzichelli (D, Paulsboro) and Celeste Riley (D, Bridgeton).[48] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[49] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[50]

Gloucester County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis in partisan elections, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At a reorganization meeting held each January, the Board selects a Freeholder Director and a Deputy Freeholder Director from among its members. As of 2014, Gloucester County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Robert M. Damminger (D, West Deptford Township; term ends December 31, 2015),[51] Deputy Freeholder Director Giuseppe "Joe" Chila (D, Woolwich Township; 2015),[52] Lyman J. Barnes (D, Logan Township; 2014),[53] Daniel Christy (D, Washington Township; 2016),[54] Frank J. DiMarco (D, Deptford Township; 2016),[55] Heather Simmons (D, Glassboro; 2014)[56] and Adam Taliaferro (D, Woolwich Township; 2014).[57][58][59][60] Constitutional officers elected countywide are County Clerk James N. Hogan,[61] Surrogate Helene M. Reed (Monroe Township)[62] and Sheriff Carmel Morina (Greenwich Township).[63][64][59]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 3,635 registered voters in Paulsboro, of which 1,866 (51.3%) were registered as Democrats, 251 (6.9%) were registered as Republicans and 1,516 (41.7%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 2 voters registered to other parties.[65]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 76.0% of the vote here (2,059 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 21.6% (586 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (33 votes), among the 2,708 ballots cast by the borough's 3,958 registered voters, for a turnout of 68.4%.[66] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 71.6% of the vote here (1,806 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 27.4% (691 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (16 votes), among the 2,524 ballots cast by the borough's 3,796 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 66.5.[67]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 63.2% of the vote here (1,031 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 23.3% (381 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 6.3% (102 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (11 votes), among the 1,632 ballots cast by the borough's 3,814 registered voters, yielding a 42.8% turnout.[68]

Education[edit]

The Paulsboro Public Schools serves students in Kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[69]) are Billingsport Elementary School (grades K-2; 348 students), Loudenslager Elementary School (3-6; 295) and Paulsboro High School for grades 7-12 (557).[70] Students in public school for grades 9-12 from Greenwich Township attend Paulsboro High School as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Greenwich Township School District.[71][72]

Transportation[edit]

=Roads and highways[edit]

As of 2010, the borough had a total of 26.02 miles (41.88 km) of roadways, of which 22.58 miles (36.34 km) were maintained by the municipality, 1.62 miles (2.61 km) by Gloucester County and 1.82 miles (2.93 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[73]

Interstate 295 passes through the southern tip of Paulsboro[74] and Route 44 also traverses the borough.[75]

Public transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit bus service is available between Pennsville Township and Philadelphia on the 402 route, with local service offered on the 455 route between Cherry Hill Mall and Woodsbury.[76][77]

Port of Paulsboro[edit]

The Port of Paulsboro is located on the Delaware River and Mantua Creek in and around Paulsboro, and is traditionally one of the nation's busiest for marine transfer operations of petroleum products. From 1998 to early 2011, the Valero Energy Corporation operated an oil refinery here, which it sold in a 2010 deal to PBF Energy for $360 million.[78] The port is being redeveloped as an adaptable omniport able to handle a diversity of bulk, break bulk cargo and shipping containers. Studies completed in 2012[79][80] concluded that the port is well suited to become a center for the manufacture, assembly, and transport of wind turbines and platforms the development of Atlantic Wind Connection[81][82][83][84][85][86]

History[edit]

The Paul House, built 1810 or earlier and named for the Paul family who settled in Paulsboro in 1685

Paulsboro is the home of Fort Billingsport, the first land purchase made by the United States.[87]

Paulsboro is the location of the Tinicum Island Rear Range Lighthouse, first lit on the night of December 31, 1880. In 1997 a local citizen's group was established with the purpose of providing tours and public access to the structure. The lighthouse is one of New Jersey's few publicly accessible aids to navigation and is the centerpiece of Paulsboro's cultural revitalization.[88]

The Gill House, built c. 1800, now the Gill Memorial Library

The East Jefferson Street railroad bridge over Mantua Creek was built in 1917 [89] and rebuilt in 1940 for the Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines (PRSL).[90] It is now part of Conrail's Penns Grove Secondary. On November 30, 2012 it buckled, causing seven cars of a freight train to derail. One of the four tanker cars that fell into the creek was punctured, leaking thousands of gallons of vinyl chloride. Homes in the borough had to be evacuated and dozens of people went to hospitals as a precautionary measure due to exposure to the chemicals.[91] Some residents in the area have filed suit against Conrail and CSX in Pennsylvania State Court having "complained about respiratory and bronchial related illnesses, headaches, eye and skin irritations and multiple other symptoms."[92] In March 2013, Conrail announced that the bridge would be replaced with an expected September 2014 operational date. Normally, between March 1 and November 30 the bridge is left in the open position for maritime traffic and closed when trains approach.[89] It will remain locked in the closed position until the bridge is replaced.[93][94] In September 2013, another less serious derailment took place along the Paulsboro Gibbstown border, with one car leaving the tracks on a train consisting mostly of empty tanker cars.[95]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Paulsboro include:

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ Administration, Borough of Paulsboro. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  5. ^ Borough Clerk's Office, Borough of Paulsboro. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  6. ^ a b c 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 19.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Paulsboro, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Paulsboro borough, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 2. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Paulsboro borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed November 7, 2012.
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  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Paulsboro, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 29, 2013.
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  38. ^ Bittner, Gina. "Paulsboro council appoints Stevenson as new member", Gloucester County Times, January 24, 2012. Accessed October 31, 2013. "Assistant Fire Chief Gary C. Stevenson will fill the council’s open seat here.At a special meeting Monday night, Stevenson was welcomed into the council with a 3–1 vote (Councilman Joe Kidd voted “no” while Councilwoman Elsie Tedeski was absent from the meeting).... Stevenson, a 28-year Paulsboro Fire Department member fills the spot left open by W. Jeffery Hamilton's move to mayor."
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