Realencyclopädie der Classischen Altertumswissenschaft

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The Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft, commonly called the Pauly–Wissowa or simply RE, is a German encyclopedia of classical scholarship. With its supplements it comprises over eighty volumes.

The Realencyclopädie (RE, 1893–1980) fills an entire bookcase in the library of the University of Göttingen's Seminar for Classical Philology. At the lower right are eight volumes of the encyclopedia's earlier edition (1837–1864).
Der Neue Pauly

The RE is a complete revision of an older series of which the first volume was published by August Pauly in 1839. Pauly died in 1845, his work unfinished; Christian Waltz and Wilhelm Teuffel completed it in 1852. This first edition comprised six volumes. A second edition of the first volume was worked on from 1861 to 1866.

In 1890 Georg Wissowa started on the new and more ambitious edition. He expected it to be done in 10 years, but the last of its 83 volumes did not appear until 1978, and the index volume came out in 1980.

Each article was written by a recognized specialist in the relevant field, but unsurprisingly for a work spanning three generations, the underlying assumptions vary radically with the age of the article. Many early biographies e.g. were written by Elimar Klebs, Paul von Rohden, Friedrich Münzer and Otto Seeck.

List of Volumes[edit]

First Series, A-Q

  • Band I, Halbbände 1-2, Aal-Apollokrates (1894)
  • Band II, Halbband 3, Apollon-Artemis (1895)
  • Band II, Halbband 4, Artemisia-Barbaroi (1896)
  • Band III, Halbband 5, Barbarus-Campanus (1897)
  • Band III, Halbband 6, Campanus ager-Claudius (1899)
  • Band IV, Halbband 7, Claudius mons-Cornificius (1900)
  • Band IV, Halbband 8, Corniscae-Demodoros (1901)
  • Band V, Halbbände 9-10, Demogenes-Ephoroi (1905)
  • Band VI, Halbband 11, Ephoros-Eutychos (1907)
  • Band VI, Halbband 12, Euxantios-Fornaces (1909)
  • Band VII, Halbband 13, Fornax-Glykon (1910)
  • Band VII, Halbband 14, Glykyrrhiza-Helikeia (1912)
  • Band VIII, Halbband 15, Helikon-Hestia (1912)
  • Band VIII, Halbband 16, Hestiaia-Hyagnis (1913)
  • Band IX, Halbband 17, Hyaia-Imperator (1914)
  • Band IX, Halbband 18, Imperium-Iugum (1916)
  • Band X, Halbband 19, Iugurtha-Ius Latii (1918)
  • Band X, Halbband 20, Ius Liberorum-Katochos (1920)
  • Band XI, Halbband 21, Katoikoi-Komödie (1921)
  • Band XI, Halbband 22, Komogrammateus-Kynegoi + Register of I-X & Suppl. I-III (1922)
  • Band XII, Halbband 23, Kynesioi-Legio (1924)
  • Band XII, Halbband 24, Legio-Libanon (1925)
  • Band XIII, Halbband 25, Libanos-Lokris (1926)
  • Band XIII, Halbband 26, Lokroi-Lysimachides (1927)
  • Band XIV, Halbband 27, Lysimachos-Mantike (1928)
  • Band XIV, Halbband 28, Mantikles-Mazaion (1930)
  • Band XV, Halbband 29, Mazaios-Mesyros (1931)
  • Band XV, Halbband 30, Met-Molaris lapis + Register of I-XV, IA-IVA & Suppl. I-V (1932)
  • Band XVI, Halbband 31, Molatzes-Myssi (1933)
  • Band XVI, Halbband 32, Mystagogos-Nereae (1935)
  • Band XVII, Halbband 33, Nereiden-Numantia (1936)
  • Band XVII, Halbband 34, Numen-Olympia (1937)
  • Band XVIII, Halbband 35, Olympia-Orpheus (1939)
  • Band XVIII, Halbband 36.1, Orphische Dichtung-Palatini (1942)
  • Band XVIII, Halbband 36.2, Palatinus-Paranatellonta (1949)
  • Band XVIII, Halbband 36.3, Paranomon graphe-Pax (1949)
  • Band XIX, Halbband 37, Pech-Petronius (1937)
  • Band XIX, Halbband 38, Petros-Philon (1938)
  • Band XX, Halbband 39, Philon-Pignus (1941)
  • Band XX, Halbband 40, Pigranes-Plautinus (1950)
  • Band XXI, Halbband 41, Plautius-Polemokrates (1951)
  • Band XXI, Halbband 42, Polemon-Pontanene (1952)
  • Band XXII, Halbband 43, Pontarches-Praefectianus (1953)
  • Band XXII, Halbband 44, Praefectura-Priscianus (1954)
  • Band XXIII, Halbband 45, Priscilla-Psalychiadai (1957)
  • Band XXIII, Halbband 46, Psamathe-Pyramiden + Register of I-XXIII, IA-VIIIA & Suppl. I-VIII (1959)
  • Band XXIV, Halbband 47, Pyramos-Quosenus (1963)

Second Series, R-Z

  • Band IA, Halbband 1, Ra-Ryton (1914)
  • Band IA, Halbband 2, Saale-Sarmathon (1920)
  • Band IIA, Halbband 3, Sarmatia-Selinos (1921)
  • Band IIA, Halbband 4, Selinuntia-Sila (1923)
  • Band IIIA, Halbband 5, Silacenis-Sparsus (1927)
  • Band IIIA, Halbband 6, Sparta-Stluppi (1929)
  • Band IVA, Halbband 7, Stoa-Symposion (1931)
  • Band IVA, Halbband 8, Symposion-Tauris (1932)
  • Band VA, Halbband 9, Taurisci-Thapsis (1934)
  • Band VA, Halbband 10, Thapsos-Thesara (1934)
  • Band VIA, Halbband 11, Thesauros-Timomachos (1936)
  • Band VIA, Halbband 12, Timon-Tribus (1937)
  • Band VIIA, Halbband 13, Tributum-M. Tullius Cicero (1939)
  • Band VIIA, Halbband 14, M. Tullius Cicero-Valerius (1948)
  • Band VIIIA, Halbband 15, Valerius Fabrianus-P. Vergilius Maro (1955)
  • Band VIIIA, Halbband 16, P. Vergilius Maro-Vindeleia (1958)
  • Band IXA, Halbband 17, Vindelici-Vulca (1961)
  • Band IXA, Halbband 18, Vulcanius-Zenius (1967)
  • Band XA, Halbband 19, Zenobia-Zythos (1972)

Supplements

  • Supplementband I, Aba-Demokratia (1903)
  • Supplementband II, Herodes-Herodotos (1913)
  • Supplementband III, Aachen-ad Iuglandem (1918)
  • Supplementband IV, Abacus-Ledon + Delphoi (1924)
  • Supplementband V, Agamemnon-Statilius (1931)
  • Supplementband VI, Abretten-Thunudromon (1935)
  • Supplementband VII, Adobogiona-Triakadieis (1940)
  • Supplementband VIII, Achaios-Valerius (1956)
  • Supplementband IX, Acilius-Utis (1962)
  • Supplementband X, Accaus-Uttiedius (1965)
  • Supplementband XI, Abragila-Zengisa (1968)
  • Supplementband XII, Abdigildus-Thukydides (1970)
  • Supplementband XIII, Africa Proconsularis-Viae publicae Romanae (1973)
  • Supplementband XIV, Aelius-Zone (1974)
  • Supplementband XV, Acilius-Zoilos (1978)

Der Kleine Pauly, Der Neue Pauly and Brill's New Pauly[edit]

The price and size of Pauly–Wissowa have always been daunting, and so between 1964 and 1975 the J. B. Metzler’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung put out Der Kleine Pauly in five volumes.

An updated version called Der Neue Pauly, consisting of 18 volumes (although only 15 volumes were planned) and an index, appeared gradually from 1996 to 2003. Between 2004 and 2012 seven supplement volumes appeared.

An English edition, Brill’s New Pauly: Encyclopaedia of the Ancient World was published between 2002 and 2014 in 28 volumes (15 volumes in the main series on "Antiquity"; 5 volumes in the secondary series on "Classical Tradition"; an index volume for each of these series; and 6 Supplements).[1]

The index to Pauly–Wissowa is available on CD-ROM.

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • August Pauly, Georg Wissowa, Wilhelm Kroll, Kurt Witte, Karl Mittelhaus, Konrat Ziegler, eds. Paulys Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft: neue Bearbeitung, Stuttgart: J. B. Metzler, 1894–1980.
  • Hubert Cancik, Helmuth Schneider, eds., Der neue Pauly. Enzyklopädie der Antike. Das klassische Altertum und seine Rezeptionsgeschichte, Stuttgart: J.B. Metzler, 2003, 11611 pages. ISBN 3-476-01470-3.
  • Hubert Cancik, Helmuth Schneider, Manfred Landfester, Christine F. Salazar, eds. Brill’s New Pauly: Encyclopaedia of the Ancient World, Brill Publishers, 2006. ISBN 90-04-12259-1.

External links[edit]

  1. ^ There are only 6 supplements in the English edition compared with 7 in the German edition, as in the German edition the index to the "Classical Tradition" was counted as a Supplement.