Pausik

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Pausiks at Lena river
The pausiks at Lena River in 1881
Class overview
Name: Pausik Russian: Паузок[1]
General characteristics
Class & type: Cargo ship
Tonnage: 120 tonnes (130 short tons)
Length: 24 m (79 ft)
Notes: a river flat-bottomed sail-rowing vessel

Pausik[1] (Russian: Паузок) is a river flat-bottomed single-sticker boat with oar, and which was built for travelling the rivers of Russia.

On a court design flat-bottomed, without a deck, are collected from boards. They have a mast with a direct sail, can go on oars, there is superstructure for cargo (see image).[2]

They had one mast, length of the case to 24 metres (79 ft) and load-carrying capacity to 120 tonnes (130 short tons). Usually they accompanied the big vessels and were used for cargo transportation on shoal. Building of such courts was carried out in Northern regions of Russia, on Volga, on Lena River and in other places.

Pausiks were rather seldom used independently, usually it accompanied a big vessel, delivering cargo to the coast or unloading cargo for overcoming rapids. Its boats are too ponderous for an independent alloy downstream; there were cases when it broke about coast; for such vessel to sit down on a bank there is a regular situation. For similar cases the vessel command has a long, thick and wide board which in Siberia is named Opleukha (Russian: оплеуха Translated: slap in the face). The part of oarsmen goes down in water and holds this board lower in the vessel and ejects the edge upwards across a current. A small dam is formed, and small rising of water raises the pausik and it can be pushed off from a bank on a deep-water place.[3]

Facts
Delivery of cargoes to Lenskaya polar station was made on Lena River with active use pausiks.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Nicolaes Witsen (1690). Старинное и современное судостроение и судовождение. Альманах «Соловецкое море» (in Russian). # 6 of 2007. Retrieved 2009-11-13. 
  2. ^ "Lena river". Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary (in Russian). Moscow, Russia. Retrieved 2009-11-12. 
  3. ^ Ferdinand von Wrangel (1884). "Путевые записки адмирала барона Ф. П. Врангеля". Исторический вестник (in Russian) № 10. Retrieved 2009-11-12. 
  4. ^ Duckalskaya, M. V. (2007). "Долгий путь на Сагастырь". Информационный бюллетень №1 "Новости МПГ" (Saint Petersburg, Russia: Arktic an Antarctic museum). Retrieved 2009-11-12.