Pawapuri

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Pawapuri
town
Jal Mandir, The Nirvana place of Lord Mahavira
Jal Mandir, The Nirvana place of Lord Mahavira
Pawapuri is located in Bihar
Pawapuri
Pawapuri
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 25°05′30″N 85°32′20″E / 25.09167°N 85.53889°E / 25.09167; 85.53889Coordinates: 25°05′30″N 85°32′20″E / 25.09167°N 85.53889°E / 25.09167; 85.53889
Country  India
State Bihar
District Nalanda
Languages
 • Official MagadhiHindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Nearest city Patna
Website www.pawapuritirth.org

Pawapuri (Hindi: पावापुरी, Urdu: پوا پوری‎) or Pava is a holy site for Jains located in the Nalanda district in the Bihar state of Eastern India. It is located about thirty-eight kilometers from Rajgir and 101 kilometers from Patna, the capital of Bihar.[1]

History[edit]

Replica of Pavapuri temple at Pansara. Mahavira attained Nirvana at Pawapuri (Pava).

During ancient times about 2600 year ago, Pawapuri was one of twin capital of Mall Mahajanpad which later became the part of Magadha Kingdom and was called "Madyama Pawa" or "Apawapuri", Ajatshatru, who was one of the greatest disciples of Lord Mahavira was the King of Magadh during the lifetime of Mahavir. During the reign of Ajatshatru, Hastipal was the King of Pawapuri. When Lord Mahavira came to Pawapuri he stayed in King Hastipal's "Rajikshala".[2]

Around 5th Century BCE, Mahavira, the last of the twenty-four Tirthankara achieved Moksha or Nirvana. He was cremated at Pawapuri, also known as Apapuri (the sinless town). There was a great rush to collect his ashes, with the result that so much soil was removed from the place of his cremation that a pond was created.[3]

Now, an exquisite marble temple in the middle of a lotus pond, the Jalmandir, stands magnificently on a rectangular island. Another Jain temple, called Samosharan is located here, where the Lord Mahavira delivered his last teaching.[3]

Economy[edit]

Banks

  • Punjab National Bank
  • Nalanda co-operative Bank
  • Madhya Bihar Gramin Bank

Educational Institute

  • Vardhman Institute Of Medical Science

Transport[edit]

Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation (Bihar Tourism) provides travel facility from state capital Patna to visit Buddhism circuit, Jain Circuit(Rajgir, Pawapuri) and Sikh Circuit in Bihar. Also, Corporation owns hotels and circuit house at respective tourist places.

The Bakhtiyarpur-Tilaiya line provides improved rail connectivity to several places.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Destinations :: Pawapuri ::Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation". Bstdc.bih.nic.in. Retrieved 2012-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Digambar Jain temple Pavapuri or Pawapuri". Digambarjainonline.com. Retrieved 2012-03-05. 
  3. ^ a b "Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation". Pawapuri. Retrieved 2009-03-14. 

External links[edit]