Pavle Jurišić Šturm

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Pavle Jurišić Šturm
KCMG
Pavle Jurisic Sturm 1848-1922.jpg
Chief of the Security and First General Adjutant
In office
1908–1913
Monarch Peter I
Preceded by Božidar Terzić
Succeeded by Petar Bojović
Personal details
Born Paulus Sturm
(1848-08-08)August 8, 1848
Görlitz, Province of Silesia, Prussia
Died January 13, 1922(1922-01-13) (aged 73)
Belgrade, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Resting place New Cemetery Belgrade
Spouse(s) Savka Jurišić (1881–1884; her death)
Jelena Jurišić
Alma mater Land Forces Military Academy
Profession Army officer
Religion Protestant (former)
Ortodox
Military service
Nickname(s) Šturm
Allegiance  Prussia
 German Empire
Serbia Principality of Serbia
 Kingdom of Serbia
 Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Service/branch Serbian Army
Years of service 1867 – 1875
1876 – 1900
1901 – 1921
Rank General
Commands Serbian 3rd Army
Battles/wars Franco-Prussian War
Serbo-Turkish War
Serbo-Bulgarian War
First Balkan War
Second Balkan War
World War I
Awards Order of the Karađorđe's Star with Swords rib.png Order of the Star of Karageorge with Swords
SRB Orden Belog Orla BAR.svg Order of the White Eagle
Cavaliere di Gran Croce OCI Kingdom BAR.svg Order of the Crown of Italy
BEL Kroonorde Grootkruis BAR.svg Order of the Crown of Belgium
D-PRU EK 1914 2 Klasse BAR.svg Order of Iron Cross

Pavle Jurišić Šturm KCMG (Serbian Cyrillic: Павле Јуришић Штурм) (August 8, 1848 – January 13, 1922) was a Serbian general of Sorbian origin who commanded the Serbian 3rd Army in World War I.

Šturm was one of the most important commanders in the Serbian army in the War, especially during its first two years, the time when his 3rd army was main support either for the 2nd army during the battle of Cer, or for the 1st army during the battle of Kolubara.[1]

Life[edit]

Paulus Sturm was born and raised in Görlitz, Prussian Silesia, when the Görlitz region was still part of the homeland of the Lusatian Serbs, called by Germans "Wends" or "Sorbs". His parents were both ethnic Sorbs. He finished the royal Prussian military academy in Breslau (Wrocław) and went to Serbia before the Balkan wars to fight the Ottoman Turks, studying in the Serbian military academy and volunteering in the Serbian Army.

He fell in love with Serbia instantly, marrying a Serbian woman, and changed his name from Paulus to Serbian Pavle, and his last name Sturm to the typical Serbian last name that was modulated translation of his German last name - Sturm, meaning "Storm" in German was translated into Jurišić, with the root of the word "charge" ("juriš" in Serbian). He considered, like most of his countrymen[citation needed], that Lusatian Sorbs and Balkan Serbs are part of one same nation, divided into different regions and countries centuries ago.

Šturm kept his German last name as an alias. His son, whom he had with his Serbian wife, was a sergeant in the Serbian army who participated in all major battles in the Serbian theater in World War I from Cer and Kolubara, then retreated over frozen Albania, was part of the resurrection of the Serbian army on the island of Corfu and the advance of the Serbian army, breaking the Salonika front.

After years of peace that followed, Šturm stayed in Serbia and remained in its army with the rank of general. He died in 1922 at his home in Belgrade.

Decorations[edit]

Serbian military decorations
Order of the Karađorđe's Star with Swords, Grand Officer
Order of the Karađorđe's Star with Swords, Commander
Order of the Karađorđe's Star with Swords, Officer
Order of the Karađorđe's Star, Officer
Order of the White Eagle, Grand Officer
Order of the White Eagle, Commander
Order of the White Eagle, Officer
Order of the White Eagle, Knight
Order of Miloš the Great, Officer
Order of the Cross of Takovo, Grand Officer
Order of the Cross of Takovo, Commander
Order of the Cross of Takovo with swords, Officer
Serbian Service Medals
Medal for Bravery, Gold
Medal for Bravery, Silver
Medal military virtues
Medal for Devoted Service
Medal of Guard
Commemorative medal of the wars with Turkey 1876-1878
Commemorative medal of the war with Bulgaria 1885
Commemorative Medal of the First Balkan War
Commemorative Medal of the Second Balkan War
Commemorative Medal of the First World War
Commemorative Medal of the Albanian Campaign
International and Foreign Awards
Order of Leopold, Knight (Austria-Hungary)
Order of Franz Joseph, Knight's Cross (Austria-Hungary)
Order of the Crown, Knight Grand Cross (Belgium)
Legion of Honour, Grand Officer (France)
Order of the Redeemer, Commander (Greece)
Order of the Crown of Italy, Knight Grand Cross (Italy)
Order of the Paulownia Flowers, Grand Cordon (Japan)
Order of Osmanieh, 3rd class (Ottoman Empire)
Order of the Medjidie, 1st class (Ottoman Empire)
Order of Iron Cross, 2nd class (Prussia)
Order of Saint Stanislaus with Swords, 3rd class (Russian Empire)
Order of St. George, 4th class (Russian Empire)
Order of St. Anna, 1st class (Russian Empire)
Order of St Michael and St George, Knight Commander (United Kingdom)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Милисав Савић: „Дринска дивизија“, Лозница 2009. године, 242-251. страна; ISBN 978-86-912717-0-1 COBISS 167983628

Sources[edit]