|Pavlovsky Posad (English)
Павловский Посад (Russian)
|- Town -|
Location of Moscow Oblast in Russia
|Federal subject||Moscow Oblast|
|Administrative district||Pavlovo-Posadsky District|
|Administrative center of||Pavlovo-Posadsky District|
|Mayor||Nikolay Vakhrameyev|
|Representative body||City Council|
|Population (2010 Census)||63,711 inhabitants|
|- Rank in 2010||248th|
|Time zone||MSK (UTC+04:00)|
|Postal code(s)||142500|
|Dialing code(s)||+7 49643|
Pavlovsky Posad (Russian: Па́вловский Поса́д) is a town and the administrative center of Pavlovo-Posadsky District of Moscow Oblast, Russia, located 68 kilometers (42 mi) from Moscow, at the confluence of the Klyazma and the Vokhna Rivers. Population: 63,711 (2010 Census); 61,982 (2002 Census); 71,297 (1989 Census).
Pavlovsky Posad was founded in 1845 on the site of a village Pavlovo (Vokhna). The place was always famous for its businesses. From its very foundation, the land on which the town stands belonged to the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius monastery of the Russian Orthodox Church. Later (from the middle 17th century) the land came into state ownership. Because of this peculiarity of the place, Pavlovsky Posad never knew serfdom.
Pavlosky Posad was always famous for its shawl factories. One of these factories - Pavlovo-Posadkaya Manufactura - is still working and producing shawls and kerchiefs in the Russian style.
The very fact of creation of a town (Posad) on the site of several villages (Pavlovo, Dubrovo, Zaharovo and Melenki) was not typical for 19th century Russia. It was only because local merchants were very energetic, enterprising and rich that this task was accomplished successfully. From the very beginning Pavlovsky Posad has had the textile industry as its main business. Town status was granted in 1844.
In the middle of the 19th century competition between two groups of merchants in Pavlovsky Posad became very strong. One group consisted of residents of the central part of the town (former Pavolov), whereas the second group originated from the neighboring villages (Stepurino, Prokunino, Evseevo). The competition became even fiercer after 1822 since members of the first group (led by the D.I. Shirokov) were Popovtsy Old Believers, inclined to enter edinoverie, whereas the second group (led by Ya. I. Labzin) were Bezpopovtsy Old Believers (Luzhkovskoe soglasie). In 1840 Ya. I. Labzin and his relative V.I. Gryaznov entered official Orthodoxy and so became much more desirable for the state power, so the second group of businessmen won out over their competitors as a result. The factory of Ya. I. Labzin and V.I. Gryaznov became the biggest shawl-producing factory in Russia; it is that factory that survived even after the Soviet era.
During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, a lot of beautiful churches and one monastery were built in Pavlovsky Posad.
The textile industry is still the most prominent in modern Pavlovsky Posad. During the 1990s the major part of textile factories were transformed into public corporations, than considered to be bankrupt, and then bought for an understated price by local businessmen. The free float index for these factories is currently extremely low (about 90-95% shares of each factory are owned by one person).
After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, and to present, the textile industry is in a very bad state in Russia, since the competition with Asian countries was too sudden and to strong for them to survive. However, some of the factories survived by finding their narrow product niches. The most famous factory of Pavlovsky Posad - the 'Pavlovo-Posadskaya Manufactura' is still producing traditional Russian kerchiefs and shawls; and since it's the only shawl mass-producing factory in modern Russia, its financial state seem to be rather good. Some other factories survived by concentrating on fire-equipment (such as fire hoses), whereas some other are producing vestments for Orthodox priests.
The second important factory of Pavlovsky Posad - the 'Exciton', that produced Russian personal computers 'BK' in 1980s, is also formally alive, but it seem not to be concerned with electronics any more.
The Moscow–Vladimir railway goes through the town.
Pokrovsko-Vasilyevsky monastery (Protection-Basil monastery) was established near the cemetery at the beginning of 20th century. In the monastery there's a cathedral that actually incorporates two independent churches: the upper church of Pokrov and the lower of st. Vasily Ispovednik (St Basil the Confessor, who was Vasily Gryaznov's saint patron). A cathedral also has a belltower. Both the cathedral and the belltower are built in the so-called pseudo-Russian style. There's also a little church of St Andrey Rublev at the monastery gates.
For centuries the spiritual center of Vokhna, and later of Pavlovsky Posad, was the 'Voskresensky Sobor' (the Resurrection Cathedral), located on the left bank of the Vokhonka River. During the Soviet era the main body of the cathedral was demolished, and only a great bell tower and one side-altar preserved.
There are also three more Orthodox churches and one Old Believers Orthodox church, some interesting 19th-century factory buildings, a local museum, a museum of Russian shawls and kerchiefs, an exhibition centre. Some old tombstones could be found on local Old Believer's cemeteries. There are also a lot of nice old buildings at the streets of the town center.
Notable people 
- Valery Bykovsky, cosmonaut
- Oleg Chukhontsev, poet
- Natalya Petrusyova, speed skater
- Vyacheslav Tikhonov, actor
- Vasily of Pavlovsky Posad, Russian Orthodox saint
- "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
- Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
- "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
- Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
- (Russian) Photos of Pavlovsky Posad and nearby places
- (Russian) Virtual catalog of Pavlovsky Posad buildings
- (Russian)Pokrovsko-Vasilyevsky monastery
- (Russian) News of Pavlovsky Posad