Pavlovsky Posad

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Pavlovsky Posad (English)
Павловский Посад (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Moscow Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Moscow Oblast in Russia
Pavlovsky Posad is located in Moscow Oblast
Pavlovsky Posad
Pavlovsky Posad
Location of Pavlovsky Posad in Moscow Oblast
Coordinates: 55°46′N 38°40′E / 55.767°N 38.667°E / 55.767; 38.667Coordinates: 55°46′N 38°40′E / 55.767°N 38.667°E / 55.767; 38.667
Coat of Arms of Pavlovsky Posad (Moscow oblast) (2002).png
Flag of Pavlovsky Posad (Moscow oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of September 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Moscow Oblast[1]
Administrative district Pavlovo-Posadsky District[1]
Town Pavlovsky Posad[1]
Administrative center of Pavlovo-Posadsky District,[1] Town of Pavlovsky Posad[1]
Municipal status (as of July 2012)
Municipal district Pavlovo-Posadsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Pavlovsky Posad Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Pavlovo-Posadsky Municipal District,[2] Pavlovsky Posad Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 63,711 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 248th
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Founded 1844[citation needed]
Town status since 1844[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 142500–142507
Dialing code(s) +7 49643[citation needed]
Official website
Pavlovsky Posad on WikiCommons

Pavlovsky Posad (Russian: Па́вловский Поса́д) is a town and the administrative center of Pavlovo-Posadsky District in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located 68 kilometers (42 mi) from Moscow, at the confluence of the Klyazma and Vokhna Rivers. Population: 63,711 (2010 Census);[3] 61,982 (2002 Census);[6] 71,297 (1989 Census).[7]

History[edit]

View of Tsarskaya Street in Pavlovsky Posad around 1910
A typical house in Pavlovsky Posad

The town of Pavlovsky Posad was founded in 1844 by merging several villages (Pavlovo, Dubrovo, Zakharovo, and Melenki).[citation needed] From its very foundation, the land on which the town stands belonged to the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius monastery of the Russian Orthodox Church. Later, from the mid-17th century, the land came into state ownership. Due to these peculiarities, Pavlovsky Posad never knew serfdom.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Pavlovsky Posad serves as the administrative center of Pavlovo-Posadsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Pavlovo-Posadsky District as the Town of Pavlovsky Posad.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Pavlovsky Posad is incorporated within Pavlovo-Posadsky Municipal District as Pavlovsky Posad Urban Settlement.[2]

Economy[edit]

From the very beginning Pavlovsky Posad has had the textile industry as its main business. This industry is still the most prominent in modern town. During the 1990s, most textile factories were transformed into public corporations and went through bankruptcy. The public float index for these factories is currently[when?] extremely low: about 90-95% of each factory's shares are owned by one person.

The town has also always been famous for its shawl factories. One of these factories, Pavlovo-Posadkaya Manufaktura, is still producing traditional shawls and kerchiefs in the Russian style. Some other factories survived by concentrating on fire-equipment (such as fire hoses); whereas others yet are producing vestments for Orthodox priests.

Transportation[edit]

The Moscow–Vladimir railway goes through the town.

Religion[edit]

Pokrovsko-Vasilyevsky Monastery was established near the cemetery in the beginning of the 20th century. In the monastery there's a cathedral that actually incorporates two independent churches: the upper church of Pokrov and the lower of St. Basil the Confessor, who was Vasily Gryaznov's saint patron. For his missionary work among the old believers, Vasily Gryaznov was granted sainthood in 1999. A cathedral also has a belltower. Both the cathedral and the belltower are built in the so-called pseudo-Russian style. There's also a little church of St. Andrey Rublev at the monastery gates.

Icon of St. Basil the Confessor from Pavlovsky Posad

There are also three more Orthodox churches and one Old Believers' Orthodox church.

Attractions[edit]

Local attractions include several 19th-century factory buildings, a local museum, a museum of Russian shawls and kerchiefs, and an exhibition center. Some old tombstones could be found on local Old Believer's cemeteries. There are also many old buildings in the streets of the town center.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Resolution #123-PG
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #41/2005-OZ
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Губернатор Московской области. Постановление №123-ПГ от 28 сентября 2010 г. «Об учётных данных административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области», в ред. Постановления №303-ПГ от 13 декабря 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в учётные данные административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области». Опубликован: "Информационный вестник Правительства МО", №10, 30 октября 2010 г. (Governor of Moscow Oblast. Resolution #123-PG of September 28, 2010 On the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #303-PG of December 13, 2013 On Amending the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast. ).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №41/2005-ОЗ от 15 февраля 2005 г. «О статусе и границах Павлово-Посадского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований», в ред. Закона №93/2012-ОЗ от 3 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границах Павлово-Посадского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №35, 26 февраля 2005 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #41/2005-OZ of February 15, 2005 On the Status and the Borders of Pavlovo-Posadsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It, as amended by the Law #93/2012-OZ of July 3, 2012 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Pavlovo-Posadsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]