Pawcatuck River

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The Pawcatuck River, looking north, with Westerly, RI buildings in view, and Pawcatuck, CT just off to left.
The Pawcatuck River as it flows between Westerly, Rhode Island and Pawcatuck, Connecticut
Pawcatuck River watershed

The Pawcatuck River is a river in the U.S. states of Rhode Island and Connecticut flowing approximately 34 miles (55 km).[1] There are eight dams along the river's length.[2] The former USS Pawcatuck (AO-108) was named after the river.

History[edit]

The river was specified as the western boundary of the Rhode Island Colony in the original charter of 1636. The river was formerly called the Charles River between its source and the mouth of the Wood River near Bradford, Rhode Island.

On April 20, 2006 an Atlantic white-sided dolphin swam several miles up the river to Westerly, Rhode Island from Little Narragansett Bay at the east end of Fishers Island Sound. After the dolphin had been several hours at Westerly-Pawcatuck, near the bridge connecting Rhode Island and Connecticut, several hundred spectators gathered to see it. According to authorities at the Mystic Aquarium and Institute for Exploration, the dolphin may have become separated from its pod at sea and been searching for them. The dolphin was captured and taken later that night to the aquarium, where it died; it had become sick, underweight and bruised during its journey upriver.[3][dead link]

During a fierce rainstorm in New England on March 29, 2010, the Pawcatuck River flooded, with waters overflowing into both Westerly and Pawcatuck. Both towns evacuated low-lying areas and lost some historic buildings, such as a 150-year-old general store in North Stonington, to flood damage.[4] The bridge in downtown Westerly-Pawcatuck was closed for several weeks until the river had gone down enough for divers to inspect the bridge for safety before it reopened.[4]

Course[edit]

The Pawcatuck River's source is Worden Pond in South Kingstown (41°26′32″N 71°35′27″W / 41.4423°N 71.5909°W / 41.4423; -71.5909). It proceeds generally west and southwest through the villages of Kenyon, Carolina, and Bradford. The Pawcatuck serves as the border between the towns of Charlestown and Richmond, Charlestown and Hopkinton, and Hopkinton and Westerly in Rhode Island. It turns briefly northwest and west before resuming a southward course to flow past Potter Hill and between the towns of Westerly, Rhode Island and the Pawcatuck section of Stonington, Connecticut; its mouth is on Little Narragansett Bay on Long Island Sound (41°19′N 71°52′W / 41.32°N 71.86°W / 41.32; -71.86).

Crossings[edit]

Below is a list of all crossings over the Pawcatuck River. The list starts at the headwaters and goes downstream.

Tributaries[edit]

In addition to many unnamed tributaries, the following brooks and rivers feed the Pawcatuck:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed April 1, 2011
  2. ^ Governor's Task Force on Dam Safety and Maintenance – Final Report, January 2001
  3. ^ [1], News Blog, 4 June 2006
  4. ^ a b Ben Sosenko/John Mongeau, "Pawcatuck River-Stonington flood", NBC Connecticut, 1 April 2010, accessed 8 April 2012