Pawn Stars

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Pawn Stars

From left: Rick Harrison, Austin "Chumlee" Russell, Corey Harrison, and Richard Harrison
Format Reality television
Starring Rick Harrison
Richard "Old Man" Harrison
Corey "Big Hoss" Harrison
Austin "Chumlee" Russell
Country of origin United States
Original language(s) English
No. of seasons 8
No. of episodes 284 (List of episodes)
Production
Location(s) Las Vegas, Nevada
Running time 23 minutes
Production company(s) Leftfield Pictures
Broadcast
Original channel History
Picture format 1.78:1 widescreen[1]
Audio format Dolby Digital Stereo[1]
Original run July 19, 2009 (2009-07-19) – present
Chronology
Related shows American Restoration
Cajun Pawn Stars
Counting Cars
Pawn Stars UK
External links
Website

Pawn Stars is an American reality television series, shown on History, and produced by Leftfield Pictures. The series is filmed in Las Vegas, Nevada, where it chronicles the daily activities at the World Famous Gold & Silver Pawn Shop,[2] a 24-hour family business opened in 1989[3] and operated by patriarch Richard "Old Man" Harrison, his son Rick Harrison, Rick's son Corey "Big Hoss" Harrison, and Corey's childhood friend, Austin "Chumlee" Russell. The show, which became the network's highest rated show,[4][5] and the No. 2 reality show behind Jersey Shore, debuted on July 26, 2009.[6][7]

The series depicts the staff's interactions with customers, who bring in a variety of artifacts to sell or pawn and who are shown haggling over the price and discussing its historical background, with narration provided by either the Harrisons or Chumlee. The series also follows the interpersonal conflicts among the cast. One reviewer referencing these conflicts described the show as a version of Antiques Roadshow "hijacked by American Chopper's" Teutul family.[8] TV Guide has offered a similar description, calling the show "one part Antiques Roadshow, a pinch of LA Ink and a dash of COPS".[9]

Numerous local experts in a variety of fields also regularly appear to appraise the items being sold or pawned, two of whom having gone on to their own spinoff programs. Antique restorer/metal artist Rick Dale is the star of the series' first spin-off, American Restoration, which premiered in October 2010,[10][11][12] and mechanic/auto restoration expert Danny "The Count" Koker stars in the third spinoff, Counting Cars, which debuted August 13, 2012.[13][14]

Production history and format

Pawn Stars began with Brent Montgomery and Colby Gaines of Leftfield Pictures, who were struck by the array of eclectic and somewhat seedy pawn shops in Las Vegas during a 2008 weekend visit to the city. Thinking such shops might contain unique characters, they searched for a family-run shop on which to center a TV series, until they found the Gold & Silver Pawn Shop less than two miles from the Las Vegas Strip.[15] It had been the subject of a 2001 PBS documentary,[16] and the manager and part-owner, Rick Harrison, had been trying unsuccessfully to pitch a show based on his shop for four years.[16][17][18] The shop, and Rick, had previously been featured in the Las Vegas episode of Insomniac with Dave Attell in 2003.[19]

The series was originally pitched to HBO, though the network preferred the series to have been a Taxicab Confessions-style series taking place at the Gold & Silver's night window.[20] The format eventually evolved into the now-familiar family-oriented motif used on the series.[21] History president Nancy Dubuc, who had been charged with creating programming with a more populist appeal to balance out the network's in-depth military programming, picked up the series, which was initially titled Pawning History, before a staffer at Leftfield suggested that Pawn Stars would fit better with the locale.[22] The network concurred, believing that name to be more pleasing and easily remembered.[21] The staffer adjusted its story-line in order to bring it in line with the network's brand, which included the on-camera experts appraising the items brought into the Gold & Silver, though she did not discourage the interpersonal conflicts among the show's stars.[15]

World Famous Gold & Silver Pawn Shop in 2010

The series is filmed on location at the World Famous Gold & Silver Pawn Shop in Las Vegas, Nevada. Although jewellery is the most commonly pawned item at the Gold & Silver Pawn Shop,[23] most of the customers featured in episodes bring in a variety of vintage or antique items to the store, which has 12,000 items in its inventory as of July 2011[24] (5,000 of which are typically held on pawn).[25] Each episode consists of segments devoted to approximately five or six of these items, in which one of the staff members, usually Rick Harrison, his son Corey, or Harrison's father Richard (known as the "Old Man"), explains the history behind the object. When the buyer is unable to evaluate an object, they consult with a knowledgeable expert who can evaluate it to determine its authenticity and potential value, and in the case of items needing repair, the cost of restoration or preparing the item for sale. Whoever is evaluating the object goes over the potential value with the customer, including the expert's opinion, if one is given, often interspersed with an interview in which he explains the basis of his decision to the viewer. A price tag graphic at the bottom corner of the screen provides the ever-changing dollar amount as the two haggle over the item's price. On occasion, Rick will purchase items in need of restoration before determining its restoration costs, thus taking a risk on such costs.[26]

Interpersonal narratives focusing on the relationship and conflicts among Rick, Corey, the Old Man, and Corey's childhood friend, Austin "Chumlee" Russell, who also works at the shop, also comprise episode plots. These usually pertain to arguments over the running of the shop, the elder Harrisons questioning Corey's judgment,[27][28] and aspersions cast on Chumlee's intelligence and competence.[29] Before the second commercial break, a multiple choice trivia question related to the shop and its inventory, the cast members or one of the featured items is shown, with the answer provided after the break; beginning with the Season 8 episode "A Very Vegas Christmas", a trivia question is asked at every commercial break.

In addition to spawning imitators, such as the truTV series Hardcore Pawn, the success of Pawn Stars has been a boon to the Gold & Silver Pawn Shop, which has become a Las Vegas tourist site,[21] and has expanded its business accordingly. Originally averaging between 70 and 100 customers per day, the shop's traffic increased to more than 1,000 by October 2010. To handle the increased business, the shop hired nearly 30 new employees,[30] and underwent a $400,000 expansion of their showroom by two thirds, to 15,000 square feet,[15][21] the shop's tenth expansion since it opened.[31] Rick Harrison also mentioned in the fourth season episode "Over the Top" that he was building a gym above the Pawn Shop for the staff's use.[32] The shop also now sells its own brand merchandise, whose designs originate from fans entering design competitions on Facebook, which saves the Harrisons the cost of hiring professional designers. The staff's presence on Facebook and Twitter also ensures audiences during local nightclub appearances, for which Corey Harrison and Chumlee Russell are paid $1,000 a night.[4] As a result of filming at the shop, however, the four main cast members no longer work the counter, due to laws that require the identity of customers pawning items to remain confidential, and the tourists and fans taking photos and video in the showroom that would preclude this. When shooting episodes of the series, the shop is temporarily closed, with only a handful of customers allowed into the showroom.[16][33]

In July 2011, Harrison signed a record-breaking 80-episode renewal contract for four more seasons of the series.[4]

After being broadcast during its first four years on Mondays at 10PM ET, the program moved to Thursday nights at 9PM ET on May 30, 2013,[34] replacing Swamp People, which moved an hour later to 10PM ET.[35] The program also received a new opening and theme song, "Winning isn't Everything", performed by Lynyrd Skynyrd.[34]

In June 2013, the Gold & Silver Pawn Shop opened an "Express Pawn" counter; this part of the shop, with its own entrance and even its own sign, allows the shop to continue conducting business when the main area of the store is closed for filming, or at times when the store is congested with tourist traffic.[36]

Episodes

Cast

Main shop staff

  • Richard (Rick) Kevin Harrison[37] – Co-founder/co-owner of the pawn shop. The son of "The Old Man" Richard and father of "Big Hoss" Corey, he has earned the nickname of "The Spotter" due to his sharp eye for valuable items. He started in the pawn business at age 13.[38][39][40] Rick co-founded the "Gold & Silver" pawn shop with his father in 1989[3] at the age of 23.[38] Boasting that "Gold & Silver" is the only family-owned pawn shop in Las Vegas, Rick says he dropped out of high school in the tenth grade because he was making $2,000 a week selling fake Gucci bags.[38] An avid reader since childhood, his favorite area of historical study is the British Navy, from the late 1700s to the early 1800s.[41]
  • Richard Benjamin "The Old Man" Harrison[42] – Born March 4, 1941,[17] he is Rick's father and Corey's grandfather, and the founder/co-owner of the pawn shop,[40] which he opened in 1989[3] with his son Rick. He is usually referred to by his nickname, "The Old Man",[43] which he earned at age 38, according to the episode "Fired Up".[1] Originally from Lexington, North Carolina,[44] he is the first to arrive at the shop in the morning,[45] and has not had a sick day since 1994.[46] He is a 20-year veteran of the U.S. Navy. He is particularly passionate about automobiles, showing an interest in all types of cars,[47] from the 1966 Chrysler Imperial his son and grandson had restored for his 50th wedding anniversary[48] to the mid-1960s B&Z Electra-King electric car shown to them in "Honest Abe", which he suggested could be converted into a golf cart.[49]
Corey Harrison (left) and Austin "Chumlee" Russell pictured in 2010. Both are part of the main staff of the pawn shop.
  • Corey "Big Hoss" Harrison – Rick's son and Richard's grandson,[50] who started at the shop at age nine, polishing jewelry.[32][51][52] He is now the manager of the shop's day-to-day operations, and 30 of its employees,[53] makes the most purchases of anyone in the shop,[54] and is being groomed by Rick to be the boss one day. Corey often comes into conflict with his father and grandfather over his knowledge of the shop's inventory,[55] his responsibilities as a manager,[27] and his overall judgment in sales,[56] in particular his purchase of expensive items.[28] Following gastric lap band surgery in 2010 and a change to his diet, Harrison's weight went down from 365 lb (166 kg) to approximately 250 lb (113 kg) by July 2011.[57] In Season 6, he tells the elder Harrisons that he will take a job at another business if he is not given a 10% partnership in the shop.[58] He remains with the shop after he is given a raise and a 5% partnership, with the possibility of a greater stake in the business in the future.[59]
  • Austin "Chumlee" Russell[60] – Corey's childhood friend, employed for five years at the time of the first season,[61][62] having started at the shop when he was 21.[63] Chumlee was given his nickname at age 12 by the father of a childhood friend, who named him after the walrus sidekick of Tennessee Tuxedo.[60][64][65][66] He does behind-the-counter work at the shop, such as testing the items, loading them,[65] and writing the tickets for items purchased by others.[67] He is often the butt of the others' jokes for his perceived lack of intelligence and his incompetence,[29][65] for which he has been referred to as a "village idiot".[1][61][66][68] Chumlee has responded to this by explaining that he is underestimated, and points to his expertise in pinball machines, which he utilizes in the second season episode "Pinball Wizards", much to Corey's surprise, as an example of one of the areas in which he is knowledgeable.[69] As a result of the show, Russell formed his own company, which sells novelty items, including T-shirts of his own design, and arranges for his personal appearances. He sold half of the company in 2010 to Harrison for $5,000, so that the shop could handle orders of his merchandise more efficiently.[70]

Minor shop staff

  • Danielle "Peaches" Rainey[53] – One of the shop staff members. In the episode "Rope a Dope", she is punished for her habitual tardiness by being put on the graveyard shift with Chumlee, who harbors an unrequited affection for her. She reluctantly helps Rick appraise a box of Playboy magazines in "Peaches & Pinups", despite her distaste for the task. The Old Man asks her about Chumlee's whereabouts in "Chum Goes AWOL". She is also seen socializing with the other shop staff in the closing scene of "Confederate Conundrum".
  • Olivia Black[71] – A night shift employee hired in the fifth season. She is among the applicants favored by Corey and Chumlee, due to her attractiveness, when they screen the applicants in "Learning the Ropes". She is hired after being further interviewed by Rick and the Old Man in "Crosby, Stills and Cash", and begins her training in "Les is More". In "Corey's Big Burn", she is shown working with night shift customers with Chumlee, though Rick and the Old Man express concern that the double shifts Chumlee is working as a result of volunteering to train her (which they perceive to be motivated solely by his attraction to her) might be too much for him. Black was fired from the show on December 19, 2012 when her 2008 nude modeling work for the soft porn website SuicideGirls was revealed.[72][73] Though fired from the series, she was not fired from the shop, where she continues to work, albeit off-camera. She also returned to SuicideGirls, and shot a new pictorial for them four days after her firing.[74]
Antwaun Austin works as bouncer in the shop.
  • Antwaun Austin[75][76] – The shop's 6' 5"[77] security guard.[75] Usually seen in the background, Antwaun sometimes sells store T-shirts to people who come in, helps customers bring in large items, and when necessary, removes customers who are unruly or disruptive.[77] In "Flight of the Chum", for example, he attempts to intervene when a seller becomes irate after Rick informs him that the Perseus statue he brought into the shop is not an original by Émile Louis Picault, but a copy. He features heavily in an episode storyline for the first time in the fourth season "Teacher's Pet", in which he is revealed to have worked at the shop for three years, and is tutored by Chumlee on negotiating prices and discerning genuine gold.[75] When he later prepares to take a few days off in "Security", he in turn tutors Chumlee on how to work the door.[78]
  • Fat Back – An in-house mechanic, who also provides appraisals on the condition of vehicles.[79]
  • Johnny – An in-house mechanic, and an expert in racing and other sporting memorabilia.[80]
  • Scott – One of the shop's part-time employees, who spends much of his time at flea markets and estate sales, purchasing items that Rick will purchase from him to sell in the shop.[81]
  • Andy  – The shop's head of security. He first features prominently in a storyline in the sixth season episode "Shekel and Hyde".[82]

Recurring experts

Professional specialists are sometimes called in by the pawn shop to determine the authenticity and value of the items brought in and, in some cases, to restore them. The following is a list of recurring experts who have appeared in two or more episodes.

Name Area of expertise
Mark Allen Performer and collector of Western memorabilia, and owner of Wild West Arts Club and Western Stage Props.[83][84][85][86][87]
Brenda Anderson Handwriting expert and owner of Expert Handwriting Analysis.[88][89]
Jesse Amoroso Expert in stringed instruments, and owner of Cowtown Guitars.[90][91][92]
Joe Ashman Expert in guns and weapons, and owner of Ashman's Pioneer Market in Fillmore, Utah.[93][94]
Jemison Beshears Weapons and antique arms expert.[95][96]
Jeremy Brown Expert in sports memorabilia and cards, and owner of Ultimate Sports Cards & Memorabilia.[97][98]
Rick Dale Metal artist and antique restorer, and owner of Rick's Restorations.[99][100][101] Dale also stars in American Restoration, a spin-off set at Rick's Restorations and starring Dale and his staff, which premiered in October 2010.[10][11][12]
Tony Dee Antique firearms expert, who operates The Gun Store.[102]
Bob Demel Expert in antique weapons, militaria and other types of antiques, and owner of Antiques, Arms & Armor Historical Investments, Coto de Caza, California.[103]
Ferdinand Geitner Master watchmaker and clockmaker, expert in timepieces, and owner of Montecito Clock Gallery.[104][105]
Craig Gottlieb Firearms and military antique expert, owner of Craig Gottlieb Military Antiques.[106][107]
Mark Hall-Patton Expert in 20th century artifacts and history, and administrator of the Clark County Heritage Museum and the Howard W. Cannon Aviation Museum at McCarran Airport.[108][109][110] Hall-Patton is the expert most often consulted by the Harrisons,[111] and also appears on the spinoff American Restoration.[112] Unlike most of the experts who appear on the show, Hall-Patton never offers a financial estimate of an item's value, preferring to only establish authenticity and historical significance.[113]
Johnny Jimenez Expert in vintage toys, and owner of Toy Shack of Las Vegas.[114][115]
Danny "The Count" Koker Motorcycle and automobile restoration expert, and owner of Count’s Kustoms.[116][117][118] Koker has also guest-starred on Rick Dale's spinoff, American Restoration,[119] and stars in his own spinoff, Counting Cars, which premiered in August 2012.[13][14]
Wally Korhonen Expert in automobile restoration, and owner of Rusty Nuts Rods and Customs.[83][120][121]
Dana Linett Expert in artifacts from Early American history, including the Colonial and Revolutionary periods, and President of Early American History Auctions.[122][123][124]
Mark Logan Expert in classic and performance cars, as well as dragsters, and President of Nevada Classics, Inc. and Shelby Cars Northwest.[125][126]
Brett Maly Fine art appraiser for Art Encounter in Las Vegas.[127]
Drew Max Forensic document examiner/handwriting expert, and owner of Authentic Autographs Unlimited.[128][129][130]
Paul Milbury Owner of Military Historical Arms & Antiques, and an expert in historical military arms and antiques from 1776 – World War II.[131]
Roy Page Expert in vintage vacuum tube appliances, and owner of Roy's Repair-O-Rama, which specializes in such appliances.[132]
Sean Rich Antique arms and armory expert, specializing in the 16th to 18th centuries, and owner of Tortuga Trading Inc.[133][134][135] He also appeared as an expert in the National Geographic Channel show Lords of War.[136]
Rebecca Romney Expert in rare books, manuscripts and documents from the 15th to the 21st centuries, and manager at the Las Vegas Gallery of Bauman Rare Books.[137][138][139]
Charles Roof Archery specialist and manager of Pacific Archery Sales.[140]
Murray SawChuck Professional magician and magic historian, owner of Murray Productions Inc.[141]
Matthew C. Shortal Aviation expert, Marine F-18 and Navy Blue Angels pilot, and graduate of Top Gun.[142]
Jay Tell Expert in coins, paper currency and stamps, and owner of Americana Stamp & Coin Galleries.[143][144]
Bill Ybarzabal Boat restorer, and owner of A1A Marine Tech.[145][146]

Celebrity cameo appearances

Cameo appearances have been made by Bob Dylan, Jeremy McKinnon, Meredith Vieira, the Oak Ridge Boys, George Stephanopoulos, Matt Kenseth, Steve Carell, Kip Winger, Roger Daltrey, and Katie Couric.[147]

Reception

U.S. television ratings

By January 2011, Pawn Stars was History's highest-rated series. An original episode broadcast on January 24, 2011 was watched by seven million viewers, the most-watched telecast ever on History, according to the network and Nielsen Media Research.[4][148] In 2011 it was the second highest-rated reality series on TV behind Jersey Shore, attracting 7.6 million viewers.[149]

Critical reception

Christopher Long, reviewing the first season DVD for DVD Town, praised the series for its cast and the educational value of the items examined, calling it "addictive" and "a big-time winner", and opined that it is the best show on History and perhaps cable.[1] In one issue of TV Guide, writer Rob Moynihan included the show in a list of "guilty pleasures."[9] April McIntyre of Monsters and Critics, whose negative view of pawn shops influenced her view of the series' setting, reviewed one episode of the series, which she labeled a "cool Antiques Roadshow". Though she found aspects of it interesting, she criticized what she perceived as an emphasis on cheap laughs at the expense of family patriarch Richard Harrison over the show's historical material, as well as Corey Harrison's weight. She ultimately saw potential for the series if aspects of it that she found to be in poor taste were curbed.[150] USA Today's Gary Strauss opined that the bickering among the Harrisons, as well as the customers seen in the shop, is "alternately amusing and grating". People magazine wrote of the show, "Think Antiques Roadshow, but with neon and far more tattoos."[151] Some of History's viewers were reportedly displeased with how reality series like Pawn Stars and Swamp People have replaced some of the network's previous history-oriented programming.[149]

The series has also attracted some criticism from other pawnbrokers, who while conceding its entertainment value, claim that the series' focus on the extravagant vintage items brought into the Gold & Silver Pawn Shop are not typical of the average pawn shop, whose business is predicated on individuals on fixed income who bring in conventional objects in order to pay their bills, such as electronics, tools and jewelry. Corey Grigson and Charles Brown, who own a shop called Pawn Stars, estimate that their average loan to a customer is between $50 and $100. They also point out appraisals are handled by the staff, who rely on experience, reference works and research, and not the outside experts who are frequently seen on the show aiding the Harrisons.[152][dead link]

The success of the series has also lent itself to parody. At the June 2011 NHL Awards in Las Vegas,[153] the Hanson Brothers from the movie Slap Shot appeared in a spoof sketch in which they try to sell the Stanley Cup to Harrison at the Gold & Silver.[154]

Awards and honors

In 2010 Rick Harrison and the staff of the Gold and Silver Pawn Shop were awarded the Pawnbroker of the Year Award by the National Pawnbrokers Association for bringing the industry greater recognition and a better image with the TV show.[42][155]

On July 17, 2012, the Clark County Commission declared that day to be "Pawn Stars/Gold & Silver Pawn Day". At the Commission meeting, Richard "The Old Man" Harrison donated $1,000 to the Clark County Heritage Museum, and lent the U.S. Senate floor chair used by Senator Patrick McCarran (sold to the Gold and Silver in the Pawn Stars episode "Take a Seat") to the museum as part of a display on Senator McCarran.[156]

Legal issues

In October 2012, A+E Networks and the History channel, as well as cast members from the show, were sued in Clark County District Court in Las Vegas for interference with business practices by Wayne Jefferies, a Las Vegas promoter[157] and the Harrisons' manager, who represented them and "Chumlee" Russell in their television business dealings.[158] Jefferies, who was instrumental in helping to launch the series,[159][160] states that after the show premiered, his influence in the show was increasingly reduced, and he was ultimately fired and left without his promised share of fees and merchandising royalties from the series. Jefferies states that this occurred after a January 2012 leaked story on TMZ that indicated that the Pawn Stars cast was taken aback by the History Channel's launch of the spinoff Cajun Pawn Stars, of which the cast had been unaware.[157][161]

Spinoffs and similar series by Leftfield

Following the success of Pawn Stars, Leftfield Pictures created four spinoffs of Pawn Stars for History which are airing with another in the process.

  • American Restoration was Pawn Stars' first spinoff. It stars Rick Dale and his crew at Rick's Restorations, and premiered in October 2010.[10][11][12]
  • Cajun Pawn Stars is set at the Silver Dollar Pawn & Jewelry Center, a pawn shop in Alexandria, Louisiana that is owned and operated by Jimmie DeRamus and his family. The show, which follows the same format as the original Pawn Stars, debuted on History on January 8, 2012.[162]
  • Counting Cars stars Danny "The Count" Koker, proprietor of Count's Kustoms, and follows a format similar to American Restoration, in which Koker and his staff restore and modify classic automobiles. Counting Cars debuted on August 13, 2012, after Pawn Stars.[13][14]
  • Pawn Stars UK is a local version of Pawn Stars set in the United Kingdom; that series premiered in the UK on the History channel on August 26, 2013.[163] This series is slated for a first season of eight episodes, and, like Cajun Pawn Stars, will show the trade of collectibles from the local perspective.[164]

In addition, Leftfield created four similar series that follow the same format as Pawn Stars:

Merchandise

In 2011, History launched Pawn Stars: The Game for play on Facebook.[168]

In June 2011, Rick Harrison's autobiography, License to Pawn: Deals, Steals, and My Life at the Gold & Silver, was published by Hyperion Books.[169] Harrison's autobiography details his childhood, some of the troubles he faced before he got into the pawning business, as well as anecdotes from his time at the Gold & Silver. Also, The Old Man, Corey, and Chumlee have their own chapters in the book, reflecting on their life and experiences at the pawn shop.[170]

In October 2011, the Redwood Hills Financial Group issued the Modern Cash Prepaid MasterCard Limited Edition: Gold & Silver Pawn Shop prepaid debit card, in a special tie-in with the Gold and Silver Pawn Shop.[171][172]

On September 5, 2012, it was announced that Bally Technologies would unveil a new slot machine featuring the cast of Pawn Stars the following month at the 2012 Global Gaming Expo.[173] which took place October 2 to 4, 2012 in Las Vegas.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Long, Christopher (December 29, 2009). "PAWN STARS (TV SERIES) – DVD review". Movie Metropolis.
  2. ^ Rick Harrison and Tim Keown. License to Pawn. 2011. Hyperion. pp 1–3.
  3. ^ a b c Katsilometes, John (April 8, 2010). "Pawn shop boys". Las Vegas Weekly. Retrieved May 22, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d Childers, Linda (July 7, 2011). "Rick Harrison of 'Pawn Stars' spills success secrets". CNN Money.
  5. ^ "Corey Harrison: Partner and general manager, Gold and Silver Pawn", Las Vegas Sun, February 26, 2010
  6. ^ Pawn Stars, Locate TV, accessed December 23, 2010.
  7. ^ Rick Harrison and Tim Keown. 2011. page 204.
  8. ^ Lawrence, Christopher. "Las Vegas pawnshop center of new reality series" Las Vegas Review-Journal; July 19, 2009
  9. ^ a b Moynihan, Rob. "Summer's Guilty Pleasures". TV Guide. June 21, 2010. Page 23
  10. ^ a b c Hibberd, James (October 14, 2010). "History spinning off "Pawn Stars"". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 11, 2011. 
  11. ^ a b c Katsilometes, John (June 29, 2010). "First‘Pawn Stars’ spinoff in production in Vegas, and it has restorative properties". Las Vegas Sun. 
  12. ^ a b c Katsilometes, John (September 24, 2010). "Rick Dale’s 'Pawn Stars' spinoff, 'Rusty Nuts,' set for Oct. 18 debut". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved September 24, 2010. 
  13. ^ a b c "Danny 'The Count' Koker is in the Driver's Seat When New Car-Loving Series Premieres on History(R) – 'Counting Cars'". The Futon Critic. July 25, 2012.
  14. ^ a b c Rose, Lacey (July 20, 2012). "History Orders Car Flipping Series Starring 'Pawn Stars' Personality (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter.
  15. ^ a b c Fixmer, Andy (October 21, 2010). "Pawn Stars: Our Most Revealing Reality Show". Bloomberg Businessweek.
  16. ^ a b c Bourdeau, Annette (March 12, 2012). "'Pawn Stars': 13 Things You Didn't Know About Chumlee, Rick And Corey ". The Huffington Post.
  17. ^ a b "Pawn Stars’ Richard “Old Man” Harrison Celebrates 70th Birthday". VegasNews.com. March 4, 2011
  18. ^ Smith, Grady (June 28, 2010). "'Pawn Stars':" Rick Harrison talks about cable's most unlikely hit!". Entertainment Weekly.
  19. ^ "Pawn Stars circa 2003" on YouTube, accessed Sep 19, 2009, July 13, 2011.
  20. ^ Harrison; Keown, 2011. page 249.
  21. ^ a b c d Strauss, Gary. "From 'Pawn Stars' to 'Pickers,' America's trash is TV's treasure" USA Today February 18, 2010
  22. ^ Harrison; Keown, 2011. page 252.
  23. ^ "Pezzed Off". Pawn Stars. Episode 2.15; January 25, 2010
  24. ^ "Face the Music". Pawn Stars. Season 4. Episode 39. July 25, 2011. History.
  25. ^ "The Wright Stuff". Pawn Stars. Season 4. Episode 44. August 15, 2011. History.
  26. ^ Examples include the chronometer in "Sharks and Cobra" and the barber's chair in "A Shot and a Shave".
  27. ^ a b Examples include Rick's reaction to the purchase of a stolen item in "John Hancock's Hancock", and his perception of Corey's laziness in motivating staff people like Chumlee to keep the back storage area organized, as well as putting rare items on display at the shop instead of in the backroom in "Backroom Brawl".
  28. ^ a b Examples include his purchase of a boat in "Sink or Sell", despite his father's policy against buying boats, and his $38,000 purchase of a hot air balloon in "Hot Air Buffoon", despite his father's rule requiring him to consult him first when paying more than $10,000 for an item.
  29. ^ a b Other examples include the Old Man's remarks in "Plane Crazy" that Chumlee probably can't spell the word "art", and can barely tie his own shoelaces.
  30. ^ Corey Harrison indicates he manages 30 employees in the second season episode "Backroom Brawl", and later states the shop has 48 employees in the third season episode "Like a Rolling Chum". The June 2010 Entertainment Weekly source also indicates a staff of over 40 employees. According to Richard Harrison on Page 88 of his son's 2011 autobiography, License to Pawn: Deals, Steals, and My Life at the Gold & Silver, the shop had 12 employees at the time the show began production.
  31. ^ "Peacemaker". Pawn Stars. Season 4. Episode 27. May 9, 2011. History.
  32. ^ a b "Over the Top". Pawn Stars. Season 4. Episode 33. June 13, 2011.
  33. ^ Harrison, 2011. pp. 70, 89
  34. ^ a b Hibberd, James (April 22, 2013). "'Pawn Stars' gets new theme song from Lynyrd Skynyrd – EXCLUSIVE". Entertainment Weekly.
  35. ^ Per Swamp People's official Facebook page
  36. ^ Gold & Silver Pawn Shop: "Express Pawn Open For Business!" Gold and Silver Pawn Shop. June 28, 2013.
  37. ^ His middle name is established in "Chopper Gamble" (Episode 2.19).
  38. ^ a b c Meet the Pawn Stars: Rick "The Spotter" Harrison. History.com, accessed August 30, 2011.
  39. ^ His nickname is also established by the interstitial quiz that connects the second and third acts of the episode "Luck of the Draw".
  40. ^ a b Rick claims in "Steaks at Stake to own 50% of the store, but Richard insists that Rick owns only 49%.
  41. ^ “Ask the Pawn Stars”. Pawn Stars on History. Facebook. August 28, 2012. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
  42. ^ a b Bob Shemeligian (July 13, 2010). "Road to 'Pawn' – Before 'Stars,' Rick made sandwiches". New York Post. Retrieved August 18, 2011. 
  43. ^ Meet the Pawn Stars: The Old Man "The Appraiser", History.com, accessed February 10, 2011.
  44. ^ "Chummobile", Pawn Stars, Season 4, Episode 16, March 28, 2011
  45. ^ "Phoning it In" (Episode 3.11); July 12, 2010
  46. ^ "Big Guns" (Episode 2.24); March 8, 2010
  47. ^ His passion for cars is mentioned in the first season episode "Rope a Dope" and the third season episode "Honest Abe". He mentions in the second season episode "Sharks and Cobras" that he has owned 40 cars in his life.
  48. ^ "Old Man's Booty", Episode 2.3, History, December 7, 2009
  49. ^ "Honest Abe" Pawn Stars, Episode 3.26, History, November 1, 2010
  50. ^ "Pawn Illustrated", Episode 4.9, February 7, 2011
  51. ^ Meet the Pawn Stars: Corey "Big Hoss" Harrison, History.com, accessed February 10, 2011.
  52. ^ "Guns and Rangers". Pawn Stars. Season 2. Episode 17. February 1, 2010.
  53. ^ a b "Backroom Brawl" (Episode 2.23)
  54. ^ A previous version of History.com's cast page for the series stated that Rick closed most of the deals on the show. That statement is no longer on that page[dead link] as of March 2, 2010, and the interstitial trivia quiz seen at the end of the last commercial break of the episode "Off the Wagon" states that Corey makes the most purchases. Corey's purchase rate has not been explicitly indicated, but the interstitial that precedes the last Act of " of the Chum" states that Rick purchases approximately 50 items a week.
  55. ^ His father quizzes him on this in "Rick's Big Bet".
  56. ^ Examples include Corey and the Old Man's bet in "Confederate Conundrum" that Corey could not sell a restored Rolex GMT watch for more than $4,800.
  57. ^ "'I can run now': Pawn Star Corey Harrison's staggering 115lb weight loss". Mail Online. July 12, 2011.
  58. ^ "The Offer". Pawn Stars. Season 6. Episode 10. November 26, 2012. History.
  59. ^ "Silent but Chumlee". Pawn Stars. Season 6. Episode 13. December 10, 2012. History.
  60. ^ a b "Meet the Pawn Stars: Austin (Chumlee) Russell". History.com, Retrieved March 5, 2011.
  61. ^ a b "Boom or Bust" (Episode 1.1)
  62. ^ "Plane Crazy" (Episode 1.12)
  63. ^ "Moon Walking" (Episode 3.12); July 12, 2010
  64. ^ Harrison; Keown; Russel, Austin. 2011. pp. 3, 151 and 204.
  65. ^ a b c Profile for Austin "Chumlee" Russel at Gold and Silver Pawn Shop; Accessed August 25, 2010
  66. ^ a b "Ready, Set, Pawn" (Episode 3.18); September 13, 2010
  67. ^ "Some Like It Not". Pawn Stars. Season 5. Episode 55. August 27, 2012. History.
  68. ^ Harrison; Keown; Russell, Wallace. 2011. Page 213.
  69. ^ Chumlee later displays the ability to repair a gas-powered toy car in "Never Surrender" (Episode 3.25), and expert knowledge in discerning a fake pair of Air Jordan V sneakers in the following episode, "Honest Abe" (Episode 3.26). In that same episode, Corey references Chumlee's knowledge of pinball machines and as well.
  70. ^ Harrison; Keown; Russell. 2011. pp 215–216.
  71. ^ "Meet Olivia Black" History. Retrieved August 12, 2012.
  72. ^ "'Pawn Stars' shop girl Olivia Black fired after her porn site past is revealed". Fox News. December 20, 2012.
  73. ^ "Olivia Black: 'Pawn Stars' Reality Starlet Fired For Nude Photos From Her Past As A Porn Star". International Business Times. December 20, 2012.
  74. ^ Arnowitz, Leora (December 26, 2012). "'Pawn Stars' former cast member Olivia Black talks firing, return to porn site work". Fox News.
  75. ^ a b c "Teacher's Pet". Pawn Stars. Season 4. Episode 50. September 19, 2011. History.
  76. ^ Katsilometes, John (April 10, 2010). "An inside look at Las Vegas’ television 'Pawn Stars'". Las Vegas Sun.
  77. ^ a b "Pawn Stars: Security Detail", History Channel's official YouTube channel. December 18, 2009. Accessed June 14, 2011.
  78. ^ "Security". Pawn Stars. Season 4. Episode 52. September 26, 2011. History.
  79. ^ "License to Pawn" (Episode 2.32), History, May 2, 2010
  80. ^ "Chumdog Millionaire" (Episode 3.22); "Case Closed" (Episode 4.6); "Take a Seat" (Episode 4.21); "Silence of the Lambo" (Episode 5.6)
  81. ^ "Peeping Pawn" (Episode 3.13)
  82. ^ "Shekel and Hyde". Pawn Stars. Season 6. Episode 30. February 25, 2013. History.
  83. ^ a b "Meet the Experts". History.com. Accessed January 24, 2010
  84. ^ "Meet the Experts: Mark Allen"[dead link]. History.com. Retrieved March 5, 2012.
  85. ^ "Rope a Dope" (Episode 1.9); "John Hancock's Hancock" (Episode 1.11); "Steaks at Stake" (Episode 2.6); "Ace in the Hole" (Episode 3.14); "Monkey Business" (Episode 3.27)
  86. ^ Wild West Arts Club's official site. Retrieved March 5, 2012.
  87. ^ Western Stage Props' official site. Retrieved March 5, 2012.
  88. ^ "Damn Yankees" (Episode 1.6); "A Shot and a Shave" (Episode 2.4)
  89. ^ "Expert Handwriting Analysis' official site". Experthandwritinganalysis.com. December 28, 2013. Retrieved March 10, 2014. 
  90. ^ "Hot Air Buffoon" (Episode 2.5); "Chumdog Millionaire" (Episode 3.22); "Strike a Chord" (Episode 4.10); "Honor They Father" (Episode 4.34)"; Face the Music" (Episode 4.38); "Buyer Beware" (Episode 5.5); "Les is More" (Episode 5.18); "Kick the Can" (Episode 5.51); "On Guard" (Episode 6.7); "Little Pawn Shop of Horrors" (Episode 6.17); "Book 'Em Rick" (Episode 6.31)
  91. ^ "Cowtown Guitars". Cowtown Guitars. Retrieved March 10, 2014. 
  92. ^ "Cowtown Guitars Under New Ownership". Vintage Guitar Magazine. July 7, 2011
  93. ^ Rick Harrison traveled to Utah to investigate items for sale at Ashman's market in "Sharpe Shooters" (Episode 4.30) and "Weird Science" (Episode 4.43), but Ashman later appeared at the Gold & Silver as an expert in "Rick or Treat" (Episode 4.54), "Cash Cash Bang Bang" (Episode 5.16) and "Hole in One" (Episode 5.19)
  94. ^ Joe Ishmon. White Pages. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
  95. ^ "Guilty as Charged" (Episode 5.31); "Trigger Happy" (Episode 5.36); Like a Rock (Episode 5.42); "Pin it to Win It" (Episode 5.45); "Jet Setters" (Episode 5.50)
  96. ^ Heritage Auctions. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
  97. ^ "Pipe Dreams" (Episode 4.47); "Poker Night" (Episode 4.53); "Mile High Club" (Episode 5.1); "Patriot Games" (Episode 5.2); "Blaze of Glory" (Episode 5.3); "Yankee Panky" (Episode 5.20); "Air Mail" (Episode 5.21); "Huddle Up" (Episode 5.24); "Pawnocchio" (Episode 5.25); "Corey's Big Burn" (Episode 5.32); "To the Moon" (Episode 5.34); "Pin it to Win It" (Episode 5.45); "Stalled Deals" (Episode 5.47); "Hot and Colt" (Episode 5.48); "Kick the Can" (Episode 5.51); "Free Willie" (Episode 5.54); "Thirty Something" (Episode 5.58); "Three Pawn Night" (Episode 6.3); "Wouldn't It Be Ice?" (Episode 6.12); "Silent but Chumlee" (Episode 6.13); "Little Pawn Shop of Horrors" (Episode 6.17); "Spare the Rodman" (Episode 6.20); "Off the Hook" (Episode 6.24); "Beam Me Up" (Episode 6.29)
  98. ^ "Sports Memorabilia Authentication Station Taking Place Saturday, February 16th at Ultimate Sports Cards & Memorabilia". Globe Newswire. February 11, 2008
  99. ^ "Meet the Experts: Rick Dale". History.com. Accessed November 1, 2010.
  100. ^ "Time Machines" (Episode 1.8); "Rick's Big Bet" (Episode 1.10); "A Shot and a Shave" (Episode 2.4); "Wheels" (Episode 2.12); "Off the Wagon" (Episode 2.21); "Bumpy Ride" (Episode 2.26); "Hell Week" (Episode 2.29); "The British Are Coming" (Episode 2.31); "Trail Breaker" (Episode 3.1); "Deals from Hell" (Episode 3.6); "The Pick, The Pawn and the Polish" (Episode 4.35); "Making Cents" (Episode 4.36); "Putt, Putt, Pawn" (Episode 6.11); "Spare the Rodman" (Episode 6.20)
  101. ^ Rick's Restorations[dead link]
  102. ^ "A Shot and a Shave" (Episode 2.4); "Guns and Rangers" (Episode 2.16); "The Pick, The Pawn and the Polish" (Episode 4.35)
  103. ^ "Corey's Big Play" (Episode 5.11); "Help Wanted" (Episode 5.12)
  104. ^ "Sharks and Cobras" (Episode 2.2); "Rick's Bad Day" (Episode 2.11); "Ready, Set, Pawn" (Episode 3.18)
  105. ^ "Montecito Clock Gallery". Montecito Clock Gallery. Retrieved March 10, 2014. 
  106. ^ "Family Feud" (Episode 5.40); "Stuff It" (Episode 5.49); "Bullitt Proof" (Episode 5.52); "Cool as Ike" (Episode 5.53); Fork it Over (Episode 5.57); What You Talkin' 'Bout Sturgis? (Episode 6.1); "Wouldn't It Be Ice?" (Episode 6.12); "Take the Money and Run" (Episode 6.14); "Santa Chum" (Episode 6.16); "I Herd That" (Episode 6.18); "Lunch Larceny" (Episode 6.27); "Corey, I Am Your Father" (Episode 6.32); "Close, But No Cigar" (Episode 6.33)
  107. ^ "History Hunter: Craig Gottlieb Militaria". Retrieved June 14, 2012.
  108. ^ "Fired Up" (Episode 2.1); "Pezzed Off" (Episode 2.15); "Top Secret" (Episode 3.2); "Strike, Spare, BOOM" (Episode 3.8); "Message in a Bottle" (Episode 3.9); "Rough Riders" (Episode 3.10); "Moon Walking" (Episode 3.12); "Getting a Head" (Episode 3.16); "The Eagle Has Landed" (Episode 3.19); "Luck of the Draw" (Episode 4.3); "Case Closed" (Episode 4.6); "Darth Pawn" (Episode 4.7); "Put Up Your Dukes" (Episode 4.8), "Going Postal" (Episode 4.15); "Take a Seat" (Episode 4.21); "Spidey Cents" (Episode 4.25); "Necessary Roughness" (Episode 4.26); "Peacemaker" (Episode 4.27); "Broadsiding Lincoln" (Episode 4.29); "Buy the Book" (Episode 4.32); "Late Night Chum" (Episode 4.31); "Face the Music" (Episode 4.38); "Silent and Deadly" (Episode 4.42); "Pirate's Booty" (Episode 4.49); "Teacher's Pet" (Episode 4.50); "Security" (Episode 4.52); "Patriot Games" (Episode 5.2); "$=MC2" (Episode 5.7); "Pony Up" (Episode 5.8); "High Tops" (Episode 5.9); "Corey's Big Play" (Episode 5.11); "Over the Moon" (Episode 5.17); "Yankee Panky" (Episode 5.20); "Huddle Up" (Episode 5.24); "Guns Blazing" (Episode 5.26); "James Gang Rides Again" (Episode 5.27); "Corey's Big Burn" (Episode 5.32); "Bossy Pants" (Episode 5.37); "Family Feud" (Episode 5.40); "That Sinking Feeling" (Episode 5.44); "Jet Setters" (Episode 5.50); "Some Like It Not" (Episode 5.55); Fork it Over (Episode 5.57); "Three Pawn Night" (Episode 6.3); "On Guard" (Episode 6.7); "Sweet Pawn of Mine" (Episode 6.9); "Silent but Chumlee" (Episode 6.13); "It's a Wonderful Pawn" (Episode 6.15); "I Herd That" (Episode 6.18); "Spare the Rodman" (Episode 6.20); "Hair Force One" (Episode 6.22); "Comic Con" (Episode 6.23); "Room and Hoard" (Episode 6.25); "Hello, Goodbye" (Episode 6.34)
  109. ^ "Meet the Experts: Mark Hall-Patton"[dead link]. History.com. Retrieved November 1, 2010.
  110. ^ Ed Vogel. "Chapel to be museum fixture". Las Vegas Review-Journal. March 31, 2008
  111. ^ As revealed by the interstitial trivia quiz shown at the beginning of Act 3 of "Spidey Cents" (Episode 4.25)
  112. ^ "Break In". American Restoration. Season 4. Episode 70. December 12, 2012. History.
  113. ^ See "Getting a Head" (Episode 3.16).
  114. ^ "Like a Rolling Chum" (Episode 3.20); "Hello Nurse" (Episode 3.21); "Houdini's Handcuffs" (Episode 4.4); "Necessary Roughness" (Episode 4.26); "Buffalo Bull" (Episode 4.40); "Cannons and Klingons" (Episode 4.41); "Silent and Deadly" (Episode 4.42); "The King's Bling" (Episode 4.46); "Smells Like Pawn Spirit" (Episode 5.14); "Cash Cash Bang Bang" (Episode 5.16); "Cash is King" (Episode 5.22); "Bear-ly There" (Episode 5.23); "Pawnocchio" (Episode 5.25); "Zoodoo" (Episode 5.30); "What the Truck" (Episode 5.38); "Three Hour Tour" (Episode 5.39); "Stuff It" (Episode 5.49); "Comic Con" (Episode 6.23); "Room and Hoard" (Episode 6.25); "Grand Theft Corey" (Episode 6.28); "Beam Me Up" (Episode 6.29); "Corey, I Am Your Father" (Episode 6.32)
  115. ^ Toy Shack. Retrieved May 31, 2011.
  116. ^ "Getting a Head" (Episode 3.16); "The Eagle Has Landed" (Episode 3.19); "Bare Bones" (Episode 3.24); "Packing Heat" (Episode 4.2); "Pedal to the Medal" (Episode 4.5); "Ah, Shoot!" (Episode 4.14); "Chummobile" (Episode 4.16); "Pablo Pawncasso" (Episode 4.18); "Missile Attack" (Episode 4.20); "Spidey Cents" (Episode 4.25); "Sharps Shooters" (Episode 4.29); "The Pick, The Pawn and the Polish" (Episode 4.35); "Out of Gas" (Episode 4.45); "Bugs Money" (Episode 4.51); "Security" (Episode 4.52); "Blaze of Glory" (Episode 5.3); "Silence of the Lambo" (Episode 5.6); "Pony Up" (Episode 5.8); "High Tops" (Episode 5.9); "Apocalypse Wow" (Episode 5.10); "Help Wanted" (Episode 5.12); "Air Mail" (Episode 5.21); "Cash is King" (Episode 5.22); "To the Moon" (Episode 5.34); "Trigger Happy" (Episode 5.36); "What the Truck" (Episode 5.38); "Like a Rock" (Episode 5.42); "Stalled Deals" (Episode 5.47); "Hot and Colt" (Episode 5.48); "Bullitt Proof" (Episode 5.52); "Free Willie" (Episode 5.54); "Thirty Something" (Episode 5.58); "The Offer" (Episode 6.9); "It's a Wonderful Pawn" (Episode 6.15); "Grand Theft Corey" (Episode 6.28)
  117. ^ "Meet the Experts: Danny Koker"[dead link]. History.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
  118. ^ "Vince Neil Celebrates Grand Opening of Vince Neil Ink at The Rio". VegasNews.com. September 13, 2009
  119. ^ "The Pick, The Pawn & The Polish". American Restoration. Season 2. Episode 14. July 11, 2011. History.
  120. ^ "Gangsters & Guitars" (Episode 1.5); "Helmet Head" (Episode 2.27)
  121. ^ "Rusty Nuts Rod-n-Custom". Rusty Nuts Rod-n-Custom. Retrieved March 10, 2014. 
  122. ^ "John Hancock's Hancock" (Episode 1.11); "PlaneCrazy" (Episode 1.12); "Steaks at Stake" (Episode 2.6); "Secret Santa" (Episode 2.8); "Chopper Gamble" (Episode 2.19); "Spooning Paul Revere" (Episode 2.20); "Zzzzzz" (Episode 2.30); "The British Are Coming" (Episode 2.31) "Aw Shucks!" (Episode 3.5); "Cornering the Colonel" (Episode 3.17); "Never Surrender" (Episode 3.25); "Honest Abe" (Episode 3.26); "Packing Heat" (Episode 4.2); "Harrison for President" (Episode 4.11); "Chummobile" (Episode 4.16); "Patton Pending" (Episode 4.24); "Broadsiding Lincoln" (Episode 4.29); "Honor Thy Father" (Episode 4.34)
  123. ^ "Meet the Experts: Dana Linett". History.com. Accessed November 1, 2010.
  124. ^ "Early American.com Home Page". Earlyamerican.com. February 14, 2014. Retrieved March 10, 2014. 
  125. ^ "Sharks and Cobras" (Episode 2.2); "Ready, Set, Pawn" (Episode 3.18)
  126. ^ "Nevada Classics". Nevada Classics. Retrieved March 10, 2014. 
  127. ^ "Monkey Business" (Episode 4.1); "Ah, Shoot!" (Episode 4.14); "Pablo Pawncasso" (Episode 4.18); "Looney Dunes" (Episode 5.4); "$=MC2" (Episode 5.7); "Apocalypse Wow" (Episode 5.10); "Dirty Sox" (Episode 5.43); "Pin it to Win It" (Episode 5.45); "Some Like It Not" (Episode 5.55); "Take the Money and Run" (Episode 6.14); "Funny Money" (Episode 6.19); "Million Dali Baby" (Episode 6.20); "Shekel and Hyde" (Episode 6.29); "Hello, Goodbye" (Episode 6.34)
  128. ^ "Phoning It In" (Episode 3.11); "Moon Walking" (Episode 3.12); "Like a Rolling Chum" (Episode 3.20); "Chumdog Millionaire" (Episode 3.22); "Pedal to the Medal" (Episode 4.5); "Put Up Your Dukes" (Episode 4.8); "Striking a Chord" (Episode 4.10); "Wise Guys" (Episode 4.12); "Evel Genius" (Episode 4.17); "Not on My Watch" (Episode 4.21); "Take a Seat" (Episode 4.22); "Pom Pom Pawn" (Episode 4.23); "Patton Pending" (Episode 4.24); "The Great Escape" (Episode 4.28); "Buy the Book" (Episode 4.32); "Buffalo Bull" (Episode 4.40); "The Wright Stuff" (Episode 4.44); "High Stakes" (Episode 4.48); "Bugs Money" (Episode 4.51); "Patriot Games" (Episode 5.2); "Crosby, Stills and Cash" (Episode 5.15); "Over the Moon" (Episode 5.17); "Les is More" (Episode 5.18); "Yankee Panky" (Episode 5.20); "Bear-ly There" (Episode 5.23); "Guns Blazing" (Episode 5.26); "Ring Around a Rockne" (Episode 5.28); "Pawn with the Wind" (Episode 5.29); "Zoodoo" (Episode 5.30); "To the Moon" (Episode 5.34); "Dirty Sox" (Episode 5.43); "Love Me Spender" (Episode 5.46)
  129. ^ "Meet the Experts: Drew Max". History.com. Accessed November 1, 2010.
  130. ^ ""Authentic Autographs Unlimited"". Aaunlimited.net. Retrieved March 10, 2014. 
  131. ^ "Pawn Illustrated" (Episode 4.9); "Over the Top" (Episode 4.33); "The King's Bling" (Episode 4.46)
  132. ^ "James Gang Rides Again" (Episode 5.27); "The Last Samurai" (Episode 6.7)
  133. ^ "Meet the Experts: Sean Rich". History.com. Accessed November 1, 2010.
  134. ^ "Pawn Shop Pinot" (Episode 2.9); "Rick's Bad Day" (Episode 2.11); "Pezzed Off" (Episode 2.15); "Guns and Rangers" (Episode 2.17); "Off the Wagon" (Episode 2.21); "Bumpy Ride" (Episode 2.26); "Bow Legged" (Episode 2.28); "Whale of a Time" (Episode 3.3); "Deals from Hell" (Episode 3.6); "Message in a Bottle" (Episode 3.9); "Rough Riders" (Episode 3.10); "Double Trouble" (Episode 3.15); "Hello Nurse" (Episode 3.21); "Gone With the Schwinn" (Episode 3.23); "Luck of the Draw" (Episode 4.3); "Pawn Illustrated" (Episode 4.9); "Chummobile" (Episode 4.16); "Peacemaker" (Episode 4.27); "Sharps Shooters" (Episode 4.29); "Off the Wall" (Episode 4.39); "Cannons and Klingons" (Episode 4.41); "Silent and Deadly" (Episode 4.42); "Weird Science" (Episode 4.43); "The Wright Stuff" (Episode 4.44); "Buyer Beware" (Episode 5.5)
  135. ^ Tortuga Trading Inc. accessed July 25, 2011.
  136. ^ "Lords of War official website, Meet the Cast (Sean Rich) section.". Retrieved July 23, 2013. 
  137. ^ "Out of Gas" (Episode 4.45); "Pipe Dreams" (Episode 4.47); "Teacher's Pet (Episode 4.50)' "Learning the Ropes" (Episode 5.13); "Cash is King" (Episode 5.22); "Zoodoo" (Episode 5.30); "Silver Linings" (Episode 5.41); "That Sinking Feeling" (Episode 5.44); "Cool as Ike" (Episode 5.53); "Say It Ain't So" (Episode 5.56); "Putt, Putt, Pawn" (Episode 6.11); "Santa Chum" (Episode 6.16); "Funny Money" (Episode 6.19); "Million Dali Baby" (Episode 6.20); "Lunch Larceny" (Episode 6.27); "Book 'Em Rick" (Episode 6.31)
  138. ^ Burke, Anne. "Las Vegas: The Strip’s only bookstore isn’t quite what you’d expect". Road Journals. June 2, 2011.
  139. ^ "Viva Los Vaqueros! February Newsletter"[dead link]. Los Vaqueros Las Vegas, Ltd. February 2010. accessed September 5, 2011.
  140. ^ "Peaches & Pinups" (Episode 1.13); "Spooning Paul Revere" (Episode 2.20); "Bow Legged" (Episode 2.28); "Chumdog Millionaire" (Episode 3.22)
  141. ^ "Houdini's Handcuffs" (Episode 4.4); "The Great Escape" (Episode 4.28); "The Offer" (Episode 6.9); "Just Shoe It" (Episode 6.26)
  142. ^ "Missile Attack" (Episode 4.20); "Broadsiding Lincoln" (Episode 4.29); "Mile High Club" (Episode 5.1); "Crosy, Stills and Cash" (Episode 5.15); "Wild Thing" (Episode 5.33); "Bossy Pants" (Episode 5.37)
  143. ^ "Guilty as Charged" (Episode 5.31); "Chum-p Change" (Episode 5.35); "Three Hour Tour" (Episode 5.39)
  144. ^ "Bio of Jay Tell". Americana Stamp & Coin Galleries, Inc. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
  145. ^ "Sink or Sell" (Episode 1.3); "Chum Goes AWOL" (Episode 2.13)
  146. ^ "Killer, Ed. "'Pawn Star' sets up shop in Stuart" TCpalm.com; February 11, 2010, Accessed February 12, 2010". Tcpalm.com. Retrieved March 10, 2014. 
  147. ^ Jeremy McKinnon appears in the episode "Double Trouble", Bob Dylan in "Like a Rolling Chum", and Meredith Vieira in "Chumdog Millionaire", all of which aired during the third season. The Oak Ridge Boys appeared in "Packing Heat", and George Stephanopoulos in "Buy The Book", both of which aired during the fourth season. Matt Kenseth appeared at the end of the fifth season episode "What the Truck". Steve Carell appeared in the sixth season episode "Hello, Goodbye". Kip Winger and Roger Daltrey both appeared in the seventh season premiere "Rick 'n' Roll". Katie Couric appeared at the end of the seventh season episode "Chum-parazzi".
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  149. ^ a b Schneider, Michael. "Summer TV Winners and Losers". TV Guide. September 19, 2011. Page 19
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  152. ^ Nelson, Emily (January 31, 2010). "Local pawn shops see more DVDs than diamonds". The News-Star. 
  153. ^ "Stars return to Vegas for the 2011 NHL Awards". National Hockey League. March 31, 2011.
  154. ^ "Bruins Highlights From the NHL Awards". Boston Bruins. June 22, 2011. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
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  159. ^ John Katsilometes (October 13, 2011). "Garrett to exit Trop for MGM Grand". Las Vegas Sun. p. 6. Retrieved October 13, 2012. [dead link]
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  161. ^ Eric Brown (October 5, 2012). "Pawn Stars Cast Facing Lawsuit From Ex-Manager, Wayne Jefferies". International Business Times. Retrieved October 13, 2012. 
  162. ^ "History(R) Puts a Southern Spin on Its Mega Hit Series With "Cajun Pawn Stars" – New Series Premiering on Sunday, January 8 at 10pm EST". The Futon Critic. December 15, 2011.
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Further reading

  • Harrison, Rick; Tim Keown (2011). License to Pawn: Deals, Steals, and My Life at the Gold & Silver. New York City: Hyperion Books. p. 272. ISBN 1-4013-2430-4. 

External links