Pawnee County, Oklahoma

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Pawnee County, Oklahoma
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Pawnee County
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
Founded 1893[1]
Named for Pawnee Tribe[1]
Seat Pawnee
Largest city Cleveland
Area
 • Total 595 sq mi (1,541 km2)
 • Land 569 sq mi (1,474 km2)
 • Water 25 sq mi (65 km2), 4.27%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 16,474
 • Density 28/sq mi (11/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Website www.cityofpawnee.com
/county-of-pawnee

Pawnee County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,577.[2] Its county seat is Pawnee.[3]

History[edit]

The Osage Tribe used the area that contains present day Pawnee County as buffalo hunting grounds. In 1825, The Osage ceded parts of present-day Missouri, Arkansas and most of the future state of Oklahoma to the federal government.

After their forced removal from the Southeastern United States, the Cherokee received land in Eastern Oklahoma as well as the Cherokee Outlet in 1828, which included present-day Pawnee County. After the Civil War, the Cherokee agreed to allow other American Indians to settle in the eastern portion of the Outlet. In 1873, the federal government began to relocate the Pawnee Tribe from Nebraska to a reservation here.

In 1891, the Pawnee agreed to take land allotments from the reservation, and the remaining land was opened to non-Indian settlers in 1893 during the Cherokee Outlet opening. Prior to the land opening, Pawnee County was organized as County Q, and the future town of Pawnee, Townsite Number 13, was designated the county seat. In 1894, the voters chose the name Pawnee County over the name Platte County. [4]

The female bandit, Little Britches, companion in crime with Cattle Annie, lived for a time at Sinnett, site of the Creek Nation in Pawnee County.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,541 km² (595 mi²), of which 1,475 km² (569 mi²) is land and 66 km² (25 mi²) (4.3%) is water.[6]

The western third of the county is part of the Red Bed plains,while the remainder is in the Sandstone Hills region. The Cimarron and Arkansas River drain the county.[1]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 12,366
1910 17,332 40.2%
1920 19,126 10.4%
1930 19,882 4.0%
1940 17,395 −12.5%
1950 13,616 −21.7%
1960 10,884 −20.1%
1970 11,338 4.2%
1980 15,310 35.0%
1990 15,575 1.7%
2000 16,612 6.7%
2010 16,577 −0.2%
Est. 2012 16,474 −0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2012 Estimate[2]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 16,612 people, 6,383 households, and 4,748 families residing in the county. The population density was 11/km² (29/mi²). There were 7,464 housing units at an average density of 5/km² (13/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 82.27% White, 0.69% Black or African American, 12.13% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, and 4.42% from two or more races. 1.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,383 households out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.60% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.60% were non-families. 22.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.50% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 26.20% from 25 to 44, 25.20% from 45 to 64, and 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,661, and the median income for a family was $37,274. Males had a median income of $29,946 versus $21,069 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,261. About 9.60% of families and 13.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.60% of those under age 18 and 13.80% of those age 65 or over.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2012[9]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
  Democratic 4,547 50.79%
  Republican 3,546 39.61%
  Unaffiliated 859 10.10%
Total 8,952 100%

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results[10]
Year Republican Democrat
2008 68.72% 4,533 31.28% 2,063
2004 63.25% 4,412 36.75% 2,564
2000 57.15% 3,386 41.10% 2,435

Communities[edit]

NRHP sites[edit]

The following sites in Pawnee County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture "Pawnee County" Retrieved February 26/2011
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 12, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Pawnee County Retrieved 2/26/2011
  5. ^ "Cattle Annie & Little Britches, taken from Lee Paul [http://www.theoutlaws.com]". ranchdivaoutfitters.com. Retrieved December 27, 2012. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 12, 2013. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ http://www.ok.gov/elections/documents/reg_0112.pdf
  10. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2011-06-11. 

Coordinates: 36°19′N 96°42′W / 36.31°N 96.70°W / 36.31; -96.70