Pawtuckaway State Park
|Pawtuckaway State Park|
|New Hampshire State Park|
|Area||22.22 km2 (9 sq mi)|
|IUCN category||V - Protected Landscape/Seascape|
|Website: Pawtuckaway State Park|
Pawtuckaway State Park is a 5,000-acre (20 km2) preserve in New Hampshire, United States. It is one of the largest state parks in southeastern New Hampshire and is named for Pawtuckaway Lake and the Pawtuckaway Mountains. The park extends from the west shore of the lake to the west side of the mountains.
The Pawtuckaway Mountains are a small, rocky, circular range that form the outline of an ancient volcanic ring dike dating from 130—110 million years ago (Cretaceous). The ring dike, first completely mapped in 1944, is a smaller and more accessible example of the same kind of geological process that formed the Ossipee Mountains to the north. The inner ring is roughly one mile in diameter, while the outer is measured at almost two miles.
Earthquakes occurred in the vicinity of the ring dike in the summer and fall of 1845. Known as the Deerfield explosions, they were described as subterranean noises often as loud as the report of a 12 pounder cannon when heard at a distance of half a mile but without echoes. They were the subject of much speculation at the time.
Hiking trails lead to the approximately 900-foot (270 m) summits of North and South Pawtuckaway mountains and connect the ring dike area to the lake. The lake is a 783-acre (316.9 ha) water body with numerous islands and coves and is a popular boating, fishing, and swimming destination. Since orienteering enthusiasts made an orienteering map of the park in 1992, the park has become a venue for major orienteering meets, including foot orienteering and canoe orienteering. The venue is shared by several orienteering clubs in New England, including Cambridge Sports Union, New England Orienteering Club, and Up North Orienteers. The Pawtuckaway ring dike includes a boulder field of interest to bouldering climbers, and the park is a popular destination for geocaching.
Park amenities include 195 campsites, 15 miles (24 km) of hiking trails, a boat launch, a swimming beach, camp store, ball field, playground, bathhouse, shelters, picnic tables, and canoe and rowboat rentals.
- New Hampshire GRANIT database
- Sherry Godlewski (Fall 2003). "Pawtuckaway Rocks". Bear-Paw Print (Deerfield, New Hampshire, USA: Bear-Paw Regional Greenways) III (II): 1 and 4.
- "Pawtuckaway Ring Dike". Retrieved 2008-10-16.
- G. Nelson Eby (August 1995). "Third Hutton Symposium on Granites and Related Rocks: Pre-Conference Field Trip: Part I: White Mountain Magma Series". p. 23. Retrieved 2008-10-18.
- Moore, Jacob Bailey (1893). History of the town of Candia, Rockingham County, N.H.: from its first settlement to the present time. Manchester, New Hampshire: George Waldo Browne. pp. 325–327.
- "New Hampshire correspondence [Letters concerning the Deerfield explosions]". New York Municipal Gazette I (46): 660–661. February 1, 1847.
- Olson, D. M, E. Dinerstein, et al (2001). "Terrestrial Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Life on Earth". BioScience 51 (11): 933–938. doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051[0933:TEOTWA]2.0.CO;2.
- "UNO Map List". Retrieved 2008-10-14.
- "Gould Home Page, Orienteering Section, Introduction". Retrieved 2008-10-09.
- "Pawtuckaway Ring Dike". Retrieved 2008-10-18.
- "Pawtuckaway State Park", New Hampshire Division of Parks and Recreation
- Pawtuckaway State Park New Hampshire Division of Parks and Recreation
- Visiting New Hampshire's Biodiversity: Pawtuckaway State Park New Hampshire Division of Forests and Lands