Paxillus

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Paxillus
Čechratka podvinutá 1.jpg
P. involutus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Boletales
Family: Paxillaceae
Genus: Paxillus
Fr. (1835)
Type species
Paxillus involutus
(Batsch) Fr. (1838)
Synonyms[1]

Ruthea Opat. (1836)
Rhymovis Pers. ex Rabenh. (1844)
Paxillopsis E.-J.Gilbert (1931)
Parapaxillus Singer (1942)

Paxillus is a genus of mushrooms of which most are known to be poisonous or inedible. The widespread genus contains 15 species.[2] Species include Paxillus involutus and Paxillus vernalis. Two former species—Tapinella panuoides and Tapinella atrotomentosa—have now been transferred to the related genus Tapinella in the family Tapinellaceae[3] [4]

Paxillus means small stake.[5]

Edibility[edit]

While Paxillus involutus has in the past been erroneously considered edible, it is now known to be poisonous and has been linked to a number of recorded fatalities. The deadly poisonings appear to have been due to eating the mushrooms raw.[5]

Species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Paxillus Fr. 1835". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 201-7-01. 
  2. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA. (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford, UK: CABI. p. 502. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8. 
  3. ^ Binder M, Hibbett DS. 2006. Molecular systematics and biological diversification of Boletales. Mycologia 98:971.
  4. ^ Binder M, Larsson KH, Matheny PB, Hibbett DS. 2010. Amylocorticiales ord. nov. and Jaapiales ord. nov.: Early diverging clades of Agaricomycetidae dominated by corticioid forms. Mycologia 102:865.
  5. ^ a b Smith AH, Weber NS. (1980). The Mushroom Hunter's Field Guide. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press. p. 211. ISBN 0-472-85610-3. 

External links[edit]