Pay It Forward
|Pay It Forward|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Mimi Leder|
|Produced by||Mary McLaglen
Robert L. Levy (II)
|Screenplay by||Leslie Dixon|
|Story by||Catherine Ryan Hyde|
Haley Joel Osment
Jon Bon Jovi
|Music by||Thomas Newman|
|Editing by||David Rosenbloom|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros.
Bel Air Entertainment
|Release date(s)||October 20, 2000|
|Running time||123 minutes|
Pay It Forward is a 2000 American drama film based on the novel of the same name by Catherine Ryan Hyde. It was directed by Mimi Leder and written by Leslie Dixon. It stars Haley Joel Osment as a boy who launches a good-will movement, Helen Hunt as his single mother, and Kevin Spacey as his social-studies teacher.
When eleven and a half year old Trevor McKinney (Haley Joel Osment) begins seventh grade in Las Vegas, Nevada, his social studies teacher Eugene Simonet (Kevin Spacey) gives the class an assignment to devise and put into action a plan that will change the world for the better. Trevor's plan is a charitable program based on the networking of good deeds. He calls his plan "Pay It Forward", which means the recipient of a favor does a favor for three others rather than paying the favor back. However, it needs to be a major favor that the receiver can't complete themselves.
Trevor does a favor for three people, asking each of them to "pay the favor forward" by doing favors for three other people, and so on, along a branching tree of good deeds. His first good deed is to let a homeless man named Jerry (Jim Caviezel) live in his garage, and Jerry pays the favor forward by doing car repairs for Trevor's mother. Trevor's efforts appear to fail when Jerry relapses into drug addiction, but Jerry pays his debt forward later by talking to a suicidal woman, who is about to jump off the bridge.
Meanwhile, Trevor's mother Arlene (Helen Hunt) confronts Eugene about Trevor's project after discovering Jerry in their house. Trevor then selects Eugene as his next "pay it forward" target and tricks Eugene and Arlene into a romantic dinner date. This also appears to fail until Trevor and Arlene argue about her alcoholism and she slaps him in a fit of anger. The two adults are brought together again when Trevor runs away from home and Arlene asks Eugene to help her find him.
After finding Trevor, Arlene begins to pursue Eugene sexually. Eugene has deep burn marks visible on his neck and face, and he initially resists Arlene's overtures out of insecurity. When they finally sleep together, he is seen to have extensive scarring all over his torso. Arlene accepts Eugene's physical disfigurement and forms an emotional bond with him, but quickly abandons their relationship when her alcoholic ex-husband Ricky (Jon Bon Jovi) returns to her, claiming to have given up drinking. Ricky's return and Arlene's acceptance of it angers Eugene, whose own mother had a habit of taking his abusive, alcoholic father back. When Arlene attempts to explain to him that she believes Ricky has changed for good, he explains that his father intentionally burned him by knocking him unconscious and pouring gas over him, berating Arlene for being "one of those women" and warns her of Ricky's potential to abuse Trevor. When Ricky drinks again and resumes his abusive behavior, Arlene realizes her mistake and forces him to leave.
Trevor's school assignment marks the beginning of the story's chronology, but the opening scene in the film shows one of the later favors in the "pay it forward" tree, in which a man gives a car to Los Angeles journalist Chris Chandler (Jay Mohr). As the film proceeds, Chandler traces the chain of favors back to its origin as Trevor's school project. After her date with Eugene, Arlene paid Jerry's favor forward by forgiving her own mother, Grace (Angie Dickinson), for her mistakes in raising Arlene, and Grace, who is homeless, helps a gang member escape from the police. The gang member then saves a girl's life in a hospital, and the girl's father gives Chandler his new car.
- Kevin Spacey as Eugene Simonet: Trevor's social studies teacher who assigns the goodwill assignment to his class. He later dates Arlene.
- Helen Hunt as Arlene McKinney: Trevor's alcoholic, single mother who works in both a casino and a strip club. She later dates Eugene.
- Haley Joel Osment as Trevor McKinney: An 11-year-old boy who is troubled by his mother's alcoholism and father's abuse and absence. He starts the movement of "Pay It Forward".
- Jay Mohr as Chris Chandler
- Jim Caviezel as Jerry
- Angie Dickinson as Grace
- Jon Bon Jovi as Ricky McKinney: Trevor's abusive and alcoholic father who has since left the family.
- Marc Donato as Adam: Trevor's friend who is constantly picked on by the bullies.
- Loren D. Baum as Bully No. 1
- Nico Matinata as Bully No. 2
- Zack Duhame as Bully No. 3
Leslie Dixon adapted the novel from the book of the same name by Catherine Ryan Hyde, which was available as an open writing assignment  Dixon struggled with the adaptation of the book in part because of multiple narrative voices within it. Specifically in that the reporter, the central character in the film, does not show up until halfway through the novel. Stuck, Dixon considered returning the money she was paid for the assignment. She eventually hit uppon the idea to start with the reporter and trace the events backwards. Dixon presented the idea to Hyde who in turn liked it so much that she decided to change the then unpublished novel's plot structure to mirror the film's.
Reviews for the film were generally mixed. Rotten Tomatoes rated the film with 40% based on 127 reviews with a consensus saying "Pay It Forward has strong performances from Spacey, Hunt, and Osment, but the movie itself is too emotionally manipulative and the ending is bad." Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun Times gave the film 2.5 stars out of a possible 4 stating "With a cleaner story line, the basic idea could have been free to deliver. As it is, we get a better movie than we might have, because the performances are so good: Spacey as a vulnerable and wounded man; Hunt as a woman no less wounded in her own way, and Osment, once again proving himself the equal of adult actors in the complexity and depth of his performance. I believed in them and cared for them. I wish the movie could have gotten out of their way."
Box office 
The film opened at #4 at the North American box office making $9,631,359 USD in its opening weekend, behind Remember The Titans, Bedazzled and Meet The Parents, which was on its third week at number one.
See also 
- Pay It Forward (2000) - Box Office Mojo
- Cohen, David S (2008). SCREENPLAYS: HOW 25 SCRIPTS MADE IT TO A THEATER NEAR YOU-FOR BETTER OR WORSE (First ed.). New York: HarperEntertainment. p. 115.
- Cohen 117
- Cohen 117
- Cohen 117-118
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Pay It Forward|
- Pay It Forward at the Internet Movie Database
- Pay It Forward at Rotten Tomatoes
- Pay It Forward at Metacritic
- Pay It Forward at Box Office Mojo
- Pay it Forward Foundation
- Pay It Forward informational video at YouTube
- Pay It Forward UK fundraising program enabling giving to others through your everyday spending