A pays d'élection (French pronunciation: [pɛi delɛksjɔ̃]) was a généralité, in fiscal and financial matters, in France under the Ancien Régime. The representative of the royal government, the intendant, split up the impôts in such an area at a local level with the aid of the élus (who were for a long time elected by the States-General, hence the name of their office and of pays d'élection—from 1614 to 1789 the States-General did not meet and the king thus named an intendant for this role, though the areas retained the name pays d'élection). This was in contrast to a pays d'état like Brittany or Burgundy, where fiscal policy was regulated by particular rules and benefitted from a certain autonomy, or a pays d'imposition like Franche-Comté.
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