Pazin

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For the village in Iran, see Pazin, Iran.
Pazin
Grad Pazin
City
City of Pazin
Panorama over Pazin, to the left the Montecuccoli Castle
Panorama over Pazin, to the left the Montecuccoli Castle
Flag of Pazin
Flag
Pazin is located in Croatia
Pazin
Pazin
Location of Pazin within Croatia
Coordinates: 45°14′25″N 13°56′12″E / 45.24028°N 13.93667°E / 45.24028; 13.93667Coordinates: 45°14′25″N 13°56′12″E / 45.24028°N 13.93667°E / 45.24028; 13.93667
Country Croatia
County Istria
Government
 • Mayor Renato Krulčić (IDS)
Area
 • City 134.87 km2 (52.07 sq mi)
Elevation 277 m (909 ft)
Population (2011[1])
 • City 8,638
 • Density 64/km2 (170/sq mi)
 • Urban 4,386
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 52 000
Area code(s) 052
Vehicle registration PU
Website pazin.hr

Pazin (German: Mitterburg, Italian: Pisino) is the administrative seat of Istria County in Croatia. The town had a population of 8,638 in 2011, of which 4,386 lived in the urban settlement. In 1991 it was made the capital of the županija for its location in the geographical center of the Istria peninsula and in order to boost the development of its interior territories.

History[edit]

Pazin was first mentioned as Castrum Pisinium in a 983 deed regarding a donation by Emperor Otto II to the Diocese of Poreč.[2] It then belonged to the Imperial March of Istria, which had originally had been under the suzerainty of the newly established Duchy of Carinthia in 976, but separated together with the March of Carniola in 1040.

Castle Montecuccoli

In the 12th century Mitterburg Castle was in possession of the Lower Carniolan count Meinhard of Schwarzenburg, who held the office of a Vogt of the Poreč bishops (in Latin documents he is known as Cernogradus), and established the Pazin County (earldom). Upon his death, Pazin was inherited by his son-in-law Count Engelbert III of Gorizia (Görz) in 1186.

The Istrian contract (Razvod istarski) was written in 1325 in the Croatian language and in the Glagolitic script.[3]

While most of Istria had gradually been annexed by Venice, Engelbert's descendant Count Albert III of Gorizia in 1374 bequested his Mitterburg estates to the Austrian House of Habsburg, who attached them to their Duchy of Carniola and gave it out in fief to various families, the last of which was the comital House of Montecuccoli[2] from 1766.

Austrian KK issue 1883, cancelled PISINO

Until 1918, the town (under the name Pisino) was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austrian side after the compromise of 1867), seat of the district of the same name, one of the 11 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in the Austrian Littoral province.[4]

In the same year, Pazin and all the Pensinsula of Istria were transferred to the Kingdom of Italy. Mussolini, then, introduced a fascist regim in Italy which, under the "Duce", tried to italianize all that region. However, most of Istria became part of Yugoslavia after WWII.

Sights[edit]

The current town was mostly built beneath the medieval fortress. The present-day Castle Montecuccoli was rebuilt in the 15th and 16th century and disassembled in the 18th and 19th. It has been a museum since the end of World War II.

The Pazin ponor (Pazinska jama/Foiba) located under the castle was partially explored by Édouard-Alfred Martel in 1896 and is the best example of karst hydrography and morphology in Istria. Castle and a gorge inspired Jules Verne for the novel Mathias Sandorf of 1885.

Settlements[edit]

The following settlements comprise the city's administrative region:[5]

Famous people born in Pazin[edit]

Historical populations
of Pazin
Year Pop. ±%
1880 8,342 —    
1890 8,330 −0.1%
1900 9,200 +10.4%
1910 10,317 +12.1%
1921 11,211 +8.7%
1931 10,518 −6.2%
1948 8,685 −17.4%
1953 8,537 −1.7%
1961 8,389 −1.7%
1971 8,158 −2.8%
1981 8,889 +9.0%
1991 9,369 +5.4%
2001 9,227 −1.5%
2011 8,638 −6.4%
Source: Naselja i stanovništvo Republike Hrvatske 1857–2001, DZS, Zagreb, 2005

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate in this area has high diurnal variations, and there is adequate rainfall year round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb". (Marine West Coast Climate).[6]

Climate data for Pazin
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 21.4
(70.5)
21.5
(70.7)
26.5
(79.7)
27.7
(81.9)
30.7
(87.3)
33.5
(92.3)
38.2
(100.8)
37.0
(98.6)
34.8
(94.6)
31.3
(88.3)
23.0
(73.4)
21.6
(70.9)
38.2
(100.8)
Average high °C (°F) 8.7
(47.7)
10.0
(50)
13.0
(55.4)
16.2
(61.2)
21.6
(70.9)
25.1
(77.2)
28.4
(83.1)
28.5
(83.3)
23.9
(75)
18.7
(65.7)
12.9
(55.2)
9.5
(49.1)
18.04
(64.48)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
3.5
(38.3)
6.4
(43.5)
9.9
(49.8)
14.8
(58.6)
18.3
(64.9)
20.8
(69.4)
20.2
(68.4)
16.0
(60.8)
11.7
(53.1)
6.9
(44.4)
3.9
(39)
11.28
(52.3)
Average low °C (°F) −1.2
(29.8)
−2.0
(28.4)
0.5
(32.9)
3.9
(39)
8.1
(46.6)
11.4
(52.5)
13.3
(55.9)
12.9
(55.2)
9.6
(49.3)
6.1
(43)
1.9
(35.4)
−0.9
(30.4)
5.3
(41.53)
Record low °C (°F) −18.7
(−1.7)
−15.9
(3.4)
−13.3
(8.1)
−5.5
(22.1)
−2.5
(27.5)
1.7
(35.1)
5.2
(41.4)
3.5
(38.3)
−2.0
(28.4)
−5.6
(21.9)
−10.5
(13.1)
−15.1
(4.8)
−18.7
(−1.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 74.7
(2.941)
66.9
(2.634)
78.8
(3.102)
91.7
(3.61)
79.1
(3.114)
92.7
(3.65)
65.0
(2.559)
94.9
(3.736)
102.8
(4.047)
123.5
(4.862)
123.7
(4.87)
92.6
(3.646)
1,086.4
(42.771)
Avg. rainy days 10.0 8.1 9.4 13.1 11.9 12.1 8.5 9.1 9.6 10.9 11.2 10.4 124.3
Source: DHMZ [7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.dzs.hr/Eng/censuses/census2011/results/censustabshtm.htm
  2. ^ a b Naklada Naprijed, The Croatian Adriatic Tourist Guide, pg. 27, Zagreb (1999), ISBN 953-178-097-8
  3. ^ Treasures of Yugoslavia, An encyclopedic touring guide, Beograd, 1982.
  4. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm Klein, 1967
  5. ^ http://www.dzs.hr/hrv/censuses/census2001/Popis/H01_01_03/h01_01_03_zup18-3212.html
  6. ^ Climate Summary
  7. ^ "National Meteorological and Hydrological Service (Croatia)". DHMZ. 2013.  Retrieved on August 22, 2014.

External links[edit]