Pazzano

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Pazzano
Comune
Comune di Pazzano
Panorama of Pazzano
Panorama of Pazzano
Coat of arms of Pazzano
Coat of arms
Pazzano, urban area
Pazzano, urban area
Pazzano is located in Italy
Pazzano
Pazzano
Location of Pazzano in Italy
Coordinates: 38°29′N 16°27′E / 38.483°N 16.450°E / 38.483; 16.450
Country Italy
Region Calabria
Province Reggio Calabria (RC)
Government
 • Mayor Salvatore Fiorenza (since April 5, 2005)
Area
 • Total 15 km2 (6 sq mi)
Elevation 460 m (1,510 ft)
Population [1]
 • Total 799
 • Density 53/km2 (140/sq mi)
Demonym Pazzanesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 89040
Dialing code 0964
Patron saint St. Joseph
Saint day March 19
Website Official website

Pazzano is a village and comune located in Locride's region in the province of Reggio Calabria (Calabria, southern Italy).

History[edit]

Pazzano in 1965.

The first known mention of Pazzano dates to a 1094 document. The town was founded as a minerary center for the exploitation of iron (by pyrite and limonite) and molybdenum (the latter in caves of Monte Stella and Monte Consolino) deposits. During the period of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, its 25 mines made Pazzano the most important mining centre in all of southern Italy. The minerals were processed at Reali ferriere ed Officine di Mongiana in Mongiana.

Pazzano became a comune in 1811. Minerary activities lasted until the 20th century. During the 1950s, the inhabitants began to emigrate to northern Italy, and Pazzano's population drastically reduced.

By the 1980s the ecomuseum Ecomuseo delle ferriere e fonderie di Calabria (Ecomuseum of iron-foundry and foundry of Calabria) was to preserve and remember the industrial archaeology of the town.

Main sights[edit]

  • Chiesa di Santa Maria Assunta in Cielo (Santa Maria's church)
  • Santuario di Monte Stella (Monte Stella's Sanctuary)
  • The 25 old iron mines of Borbonic period, now closed:
  • Principe Ereditario (Settecento)
  • Carolina (Settecento)
  • S. Ferdinando (Settecento)
  • Regina
  • Noceto
  • Scolo
  • Galleria Italia
  • Galleria Piave
  • Galleria Acqua Calda
  • Contrì
  • San Giuseppe
  • R. Principe
  • Colle di Banno
  • Lucarello
  • S. Maria
  • Perrone
  • Gotto
  • perronello
  • Clementina
  • Clementina II
  • San Carlo
  • San Nicola
  • Campoli
  • Garibaldi
  • San Luigi
  • Grotta Nuova
  • Provvisoria
  • Regina ribasso
  • Melichicchi
  • Umberto I
  • Fontana Vecchia or Fontana dei minatori (Old Fountain or Miner's Fountain)

Notable people[edit]

  • Giuseppe Coniglio (December 2, 1922 – March 13, 2006), poet. He wrote Calabria contadina (poetry, 1973), Quattru chjacchjari e ddui arrisi (poetry, 1984), A terra mia (poetry, 1998) and Marcu e Filomena (theatrical comedy)
  • Luigi Sbarra, CISL syndicalist, CISL secretary of Calabria since 1960 up to 2000, since December 16, 2009 he is member of CISL national secretariat. In 2006 received 'Mediterraneo - Impegno e civiltà award.
  • Roberto Taverniti (February 18, 1888 – September 16, 1916), journalist of Il Divenire sociale and founder of Terra Nostra newspaper. He died in first world war.
  • Sandro Taverniti (June 29, 1944), writer and poet. He wrote Quando Maria Cantava, Dissestate Rime (2007) and Nel paese dei due Re (2010).
  • Giuseppe Fiorenza, writer, screenwriter and director, founder of the Barlaam center (a cultural association about calabrian narratives), he wrote Fuori dalla gente (1980), La terra senza Dio (1995), Io t'ho amato sempre non t'ho amato mai (2007), Un viaggio lungo 35 anni 11 mesi 29 giorni (2010) and Il paese del malocchio (2011), as director: Storie di Palazzo, C'era una volta un baracchino Fiat, Festa. In the 1985 collaborated in the Daniele Segre movie: Andata e ritorno.

Economy[edit]

Mines blocked entrance
olive grove
Madonna della stella Statue

In the past Pazzano has got an idustrial activity related with Reali Ferriere di Mongiana, people who worked in the field in spring and summer period on winter worked in the iron mines. The subsistence agriculture produce olive oil, wine, grain, cheese, vegetables like eggplants, tomatoes, chicory, zucchini, beans and chickpeas, fruit like oranges, figs and pears. There was also limestone quarries, hydraulic mills and a homemade of dress production. The SS110 road has been paved for the first time in the 1950s by pazzano's entrepreneurs from Monasterace Marina to Serra San Bruno.

From the 1957 up to 1975 Pazzano was headquaurters of transport truck company Sabatino Salvatore & figli (after moved at Stilo). In the 1960s there were much more than 60 commercial activities among hairdressers, tailors, shoemakers, bar owners, drugstores... The 1960s was also the period when started southern emigration to Italian northern cities and year by year all the activities was closed.

Today[edit]

The economy of Pazzano now is largely based on agriculture: olive oil production, fruit harvesting and religious tourism. In the last years there are some attempts in Vallata dello Stilaro and Serre calabresi to increase natural tourism with the creation of the near Parco naturale regionale delle Serre (Serre's park) and archeological industrial tourism with the ecomuseum creation of Ecomuseo delle ferriere e fonderie di Calabria and the building Museo della cultura mineraria (mine culture museum) in Pazzano.

Transportation[edit]

Pazzano is located on the SS 110 state road, 15 kilometres (9 mi) from the coastal town of Monasterace Marina.

There is a bus service, Federico, that links Pazzano with Reggio Calabria and several other towns including Stilo, Caulonia, Gioiosa Ionica and Locri. The nearest railway station is Monasterace Marina (15 km).

Feast-days[edit]

A cumprunta (2000)
  • March 19 - Feast of San Giuseppe & procession. "ciciri e cannarozza"
  • May 1 - Feast of Madonna Immacolata
  • 1st Sunday of August - SS. Salvatore's feast
  • 14–15 August - Pilgrimage to Madonna della Stella's sanctuary cave
  • 3–5 September - San Rocco's feast
  • October 31 - Mbeati muorti's feast

Food[edit]

Sweets in Stilaro valley

Pazzano's food is typical of Calabria, and includes:

  • Pasta e casa (Home made pasta).
  • Ragù cooked with goat meat.
  • Tripe ('trippa') and potatoes
  • Melanzane ('malangiani') ripiene (stuffed aubergine/egg-plant)
  • 'Pipi Chini' (stuffed capsicum)
  • Zippuli
  • Pitta di San Martino, San Martino's day (11th November) typical sweet
  • cuzzupe, Easter typical sweet

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics from the Italian statistical institute (Istat)

External links[edit]