Peña de Bernal

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Peña de Bernal
Pena de bernal 2006.jpg
Elevation 2,510 m (8,230 ft)AMSL[citation needed]
Prominence 350 m (1,150 ft)
Translation Bernal Peak (Spanish)
Location San Sebastián Bernal, Ezequiel Montes, Querétaro, México
Range Sierra Gorda
Type Porphyrytic monolith
Age of rock ~ 100 million years

Peña de Bernal (in English: Bernal's Boulder or Bernal Peak) At 433 m (1,421 ft) it is one of the tallest monoliths in the world.[1] Other tall monoliths include the Rock of Gibraltar, El Capitan and Sugarloaf Mountain. (Mount Augustus, in Western Australia, is sometimes credited to be the world's second largest monolith.[2]

Peña de Bernal is located in San Sebastián Bernal, a small town in the Mexican state of Querétaro.[3]

According to Leonor López Domínguez of México Desconocido, the porphyrytic monolith was formed some 100 million years ago during the Jurassic period, when it must have been at least three times higher than today.[3] A recent chemical analysis by researchers at the National Autonomous University of Mexico has determined that it is much younger—likely formed about 8.7 million years ago.[4]

Many people make a pilgrimage to the highest point hikeable, visiting a little chapel about halfway up.


Coordinates: 20°44′53.5″N 99°56′55″W / 20.748194°N 99.94861°W / 20.748194; -99.94861

San Sebastián Bernal

Colonial house at San Sebastián Bernal
The crag seen from town

is located 3 km from Vergel de la Peña, 54 km from the Queretan’s capital and 2 hours from Mexico City (along the road federal No. 57)

From either the Federal District or from Querétaro, take the federal highway No. 57 Mexico-Querétaro to the deviation of the Sierra Gorda km 192, to get to the state highway Number 100 and 31 km from there you can find Vergel de la Peña in Bernal, Residential great research in that zone.

Distances in kilometers to Peña de Bernal from:

Mexico City, 195 Ezequiel Montes, 13 Jalpan de Serra, 130 Santiago se Querétaro, 59 San Juan del Rio, 50