Peñon woman

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Peñon woman or Peñon Woman III is the name for the human remains, specifically a skull, of a Paleo-Indian woman found by an ancient lake bed near Mexico City in 1959.[1]

Peñon Woman III was found on an island in the middle of Lake Texcoco.[2]

The skeleton's age has been estimated by radiocarbon dating by Silvia Gonzalez of Liverpool John Moores University.[3] Her C14 date is 10,755±55 years;[2] that is, she lived 10,755 years BP.[4] She is one of the oldest human remains found in the Americas.[5]

Gonzalez theorizes that Peñon woman is related to the historic Pericú people of Baja California, who also shared similar physical traits.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Connor, Steve (3 December 2002). "Does skull prove that the first Americans came from Europe?". The Independent (London). Retrieved 23 June 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Grattan and Torrence 91
  3. ^ "The New World may be far older than it originally seemed." The Economist. 14 July 2005. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
  4. ^ Grattan and Torrence 93
  5. ^ Legon, Jeordan. "Scientist: Oldest American skull found." CNN 3 Dec 2002. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
  6. ^ Rincon, Paul. "Tribe challenges American origins." BBC News. 7 Sept 2004. Retrieved 15 April 2012.