Pe Ell, Washington

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Pe Ell, Washington
Town
Location of Pe Ell, Washington
Location of Pe Ell, Washington
Coordinates: 46°34′17″N 123°17′49″W / 46.57139°N 123.29694°W / 46.57139; -123.29694Coordinates: 46°34′17″N 123°17′49″W / 46.57139°N 123.29694°W / 46.57139; -123.29694
Country United States
State Washington
County Lewis
Area[1]
 • Total 0.59 sq mi (1.53 km2)
 • Land 0.59 sq mi (1.53 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 420 ft (128 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 632
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 632
 • Density 1,071.2/sq mi (413.6/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 98572
Area code(s) 360
FIPS code 53-53930
GNIS feature ID 1507338[4]

Pe Ell is a town in Lewis County, Washington, United States. The population was 632 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Pe Ell was officially incorporated on March 9, 1906.

There have long been several versions of how Pe Ell was named, none of which can be authenticated. One of those versions, and the more accepted one, is that the name comes from the attempts of the local Indians to pronounce the first name of an early French-Canadian settler, Pierre Charles, who was an ex-Hudson Bay employee. This version has it that the Indians could not pronounce Pierre, and their attempts turned it into Pe Ell. Another version is that P and L were the first initials for Pierre Charles and his Indian wife. Two words were made from the initials: “Pe Ell”. Another distinct version is that Charlie Pershell, a Frenchman, settled in the area and married an Indian maiden. The Indians found it difficult to sound out the “sh” in Pershell so it became Pe Ell.[5] In 1897, the North Pacific Railway built a railroad depot in the town. In 1907 Pe Ell's population was around 1,000 -- larger than it is today. The rich agricultural and timber resources of the region attracted farmers, millworkers, and loggers. By 1909, the town had a bank, three dry goods stores, two general stores, three grocery stores, two barber shops, five saloons, four hotels, a newspaper, a blacksmith, and even an opera house.

Geography[edit]

Pe Ell is located at 46°34′17″N 123°17′49″W / 46.57139°N 123.29694°W / 46.57139; -123.29694 (46.571415, -123.296842).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.59 square miles (1.53 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 838
1920 861 2.7%
1930 891 3.5%
1940 825 −7.4%
1950 787 −4.6%
1960 593 −24.7%
1970 582 −1.9%
1980 617 6.0%
1990 547 −11.3%
2000 657 20.1%
2010 632 −3.8%
Est. 2012 632 0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2012 Estimate[8]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 632 people, 259 households, and 169 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,071.2 inhabitants per square mile (413.6 /km2). There were 290 housing units at an average density of 491.5 per square mile (189.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 91.3% White, 0.2% African American, 3.2% Native American, 1.7% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.3% of the population.

There were 259 households of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.7% were non-families. 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age in the town was 40 years. 25% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.4% were from 25 to 44; 26.6% were from 45 to 64; and 17.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.7% male and 50.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 657 people, 248 households, and 174 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,099.7 people per square mile (422.8/km²). There were 289 housing units at an average density of 483.7 per square mile (186.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 93.15% White, 0.30% African American, 2.28% Native American, 0.91% Asian, 0.61% Pacific Islander, 1.07% from other races, and 1.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.28% of the population. 23.5% were of American, 15.1% English, 12.8% German, 9.9% Irish and 8.5% Polish ancestry.

There were 248 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.8% were non-families. 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the town the population was spread out with 30.6% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 107.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $27,321, and the median income for a family was $30,625. Males had a median income of $36,875 versus $18,125 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,481. About 20.0% of families and 22.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.7% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Pe Ell is a predominantly Republican area, although less so than Lewis County as a whole. The results for the 2004 U.S. Presidential Election were as follows:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-01. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ A History of Pe Ell, Washington and the Upper Chehalis River Valley, Chapter 4 by Ray Graves
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 7, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved June 7, 2013.