Peace Society

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The Peace Society, International Peace Society or London Peace Society originally known as the Society for the Promotion of Permanent and Universal Peace, was a society founded on 14 June 1816 for the promotion of permanent and universal peace; it advocated a gradual, proportionate, and simultaneous disarmament of all nations and the principle of arbitration. [1] The Society in London established Auxiliary Societies in various cities and towns in the United Kingdom: for instance at Doncaster and Leeds.[2] The Society's failure to condemn the outbreak of World War I in 1914 resulted in internal divisions and led to the resignation of its leader, William Evans Derby. His successor, Revd. Herbert Dunnico, led the society's unsuccessful campaign for peace negotiations.[1]

In 1930 it merged with the International Christian Peace Fellowship and was renamed the International Peace Society. At some time thereafter it became defunct. It published a monthly journal, The Herald of Peace, founded in 1819.[3][4]

Presidents[edit]

Secretaries[edit]

Members[edit]

Founding members[edit]

  • William Allen- Quaker philanthropist; founding member
  • Rev. Thomas Harper - founding member (Obituary in The Herald of Peace 1831, p. 528)[3]
  • Joseph Pease; founding member, and uncle of the Joseph Pease above[11]

Non-founding members[edit]

Records of the Peace Society[edit]

There are also records at the Savings Bank Museum http://www.savingsbanksmuseum.co.uk/collection.html as the founder of the first parish savings bank Henry Duncan wrote on this subject.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Peter Barberis, John McHugh, Mike Tyldesley, Encyclopedia of British and Irish Political Organizations, Continuum International Publishing Group, 2000, p.345.
  2. ^ Researching Yorkshire Quaker History (2007) p.95, Item 1.5.6: Doncaster Auxiliary Peace Society p.97 1.5.13: Leeds Peace Association
  3. ^ a b Herald of Peace, Volume 8 (1831) available online at Googlebooks.
  4. ^ Cornell University Library has produced a facsimile of The Herald of Peace 1824 (April, May, June) issues (pages on Amazon.com) ISBN 978-1-4297-2848-5
  5. ^ Spartacus article on Joseph Pease
  6. ^ The Memoirs of Evan Rees, the first Secretary, were published in 1853. They are available online at GoogleBooks.
  7. ^ details of four published texts by Rev Nun Morgan Harry are to be found in the British Library Integrated Catalogue.
  8. ^ The British Library Integrated Catalogue list The Unlawfulness of War: a Discourse [on Luke ii. 14] (1832) by John Jefferson of Stoke Newington, together with a large number of other titles by this author. They are likely to be the same person at the Secretary of the Peace Society. Also listed is: The Proceedings of the first General Peace Convention held in London, June, ... 1843. With the Papers laid before the Convention, etc. [Edited by J. J., i.e. John Jefferson, and published by the Society for the promotion of permanent ... Peace, etc.]
  9. ^ Harry, Jefferson and Richard are all buried at Abney Park Cemetery.
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1895). "Pease, Edward". Dictionary of National Biography 44. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  12. ^ Researching Yorkshire Quaker History (2007)p.95, Item 1.5.6.

Further reading[edit]

  • Paul Laity The British Peace Movement, 1870-1914, Cambridge University Press, 2001 ISBN 0-19-924835-4, some pages available at GoogleBooks - Chapter 1 concerns the founding of the British Peace Society in 1816.
  • The Times, Wednesday, 23 May 1866; p. 12; Issue 25505; col C: THE PEACE SOCIETY.-The 50th anniversary