|Founded||2 April 1946|
|Founder(s)||Katsumi Yanagisawa |
|Headquarters||Yachiyo, Chiba, Japan|
|Key people||Katsumi Yanagisawa: Founder
Masakatsu Yanagisawa: President & CEO
|Products||Drums, Drum hardware, Percussion|
|Parent||Pearl Musical Instrument Company|
Pearl Musical Instrument Company (パール楽器製造株式会社 Pāru Gakki Seizō Kabushiki Gaisha?), simply known as Pearl, is a multinational corporation based in Japan with a wide range of products, predominantly percussion instruments.
- 1 History
- 2 Construction
- 3 Drum lines
- 4 Limited Edition
- 5 Snare Drums
- 6 Hardware and Pedals
- 7 Marching Percussion
- 8 Endorsers (Short List)
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Pearl was founded by Katsumi Yanagisawa -who began manufacturing music stands in Sumida, Tokyo- on April 2, 1946. In 1950, Yanagisawa shifted his focus to the manufacturing of drums and named his company "Pearl Industry, Ltd."
By 1953, the company's name had been changed to "Pearl Musical Instrument Company," and manufacturing had expanded to include drum kits, marching drums, timpani, Latin percussion instruments, cymbals, stands, and accessories.
Yanagisawa's eldest son, Mitsuo, joined Pearl in 1957 and formed a division to export Pearl products worldwide. To meet increasing worldwide demand for drum kits following the advent of rock and roll music, in 1961 Pearl built a 15,000 sq ft (1,400 m2) factory in Chiba, Japan to produce inexpensive drum kits that bore the brand names of more than thirty distributors such as Maxwin, CB-700, Stewart, Werco, Ideal, Crest, Revelle, Revere, Lyra, Majestic, Whitehall, Apollo, Toreador, Roxy, and Coronet.
In 1966, Pearl introduced its first professional drum kit, the "President Series".
Today, Pearl's Taiwanese operation encompasses five factories whose output supplies nearly the entire worldwide market for Pearl products. The original China factory now caters to the domestic Japanese market, producing drum kits, marching drums, timpani, and symphonic chimes.
Adams Musical Instruments are sold in the U.S. through Pearl dealers, Hughes and Kettner guitar and bass amplifiers are distributed through Pearl's main warehouse in Nashville, Tennessee and Sabian cymbals are distributed in Japan through Pearl dealers.
Pearl created several drum products, such as shells in the 1970s that were made of wood with a fiber-glass lining. There was also a shell made of a composite called "Phenolic." Additionally, Pearl combined roto-toms and these Phenolic shells to create the Vari-Pitch line of drums. Other early innovations included shells that were slightly undersized, so that the drum head would extend over the edges, much like a gong drum. Pearl manufactured seamless, extruded acrylic shells that were different from the tabbed-and-seamed Vistalite shells used by Ludwig. Pearl also developed the hinged tube tom-arm, a design widely copied by many other drum manufacturers.
Pearl has made shells for more than 30 companies. In the 1960s, they ceased making shells for other companies, and began manufacturing drums under their own name and used the Pearl logo for the first time.
Their construction technique is known as SST or "Superior Shell Technology." All Pearl drums feature this construction. Each ply is placed into a cylinder, and pressure is applied from both sides. While in the press, the shell is heated to bring the glue to a boil, thus forcing it through the wood grain and fusing the shells very tightly. The individual plies are scarf jointed, and all the seams are offset, resulting in a "seamless" drum (Pearl demonstrates the strength by parking a Humvee with its tire on a tom shell). This creates a drum shell of incredible strength.
Beginner and semi-professional lines
- Rhythm Traveler – A traveler's kit with shrunken drum depths made from 6 plies of "Selected Hardwoods". Rhythm Traveler drums includes cymbals, throne, hardware, mesh heads and cymbal mutes.
- Target – Drums manufactured with 6 plies of basswood. Made exclusively for the European market, it is sold as a complete set with cymbals, throne, hardware and drumsticks.
- Export (EXX) - Introduced at Winter NAMM 2013, the EXX is Pearl's reintroduction to the Export line in less than a decade. Designed to replace the Forum series, these drums are made from Poplar and Asian Mahogany shells and features Pearl's new "Opti-Loc" suspension mounts.
- Vision - The successor to the Export and Session series drums. Vision drums originally came in 2 varieties: the VLX Lacquer finish drums and the VSX wrapped drums. Over time, the VBX (Vision Birch), VMX (Vision Maple), and VX series drums were added to the line, with the VLX being the only discontinued line. VSX and above drums feature two-ply heads and Uni-Lock tom holders (VSX and VBX drums are 900 Series, while VMX drums are 1000 Series). These drums feature new lugs and the new 900 Series hardware as standard equipment,except the vmx, which only ships with tom arms and floor tom legs. For 2011, the Vision line receives new badges and the VX, VSX, VBX, and VMX lines are succeeded by the VB (Vision Birch), VBA (Vision Birch Artisan), VBL (Vision Birch Lacquer), and VML (Vision Maple Lacquer) lines, respectively. Also, all Vision drums are now 6-ply drums, dropping the 6/8 formula from the previous lineup. For 2012, all Vision series drums (VB, VBA, and VBL) now come with Remo heads as standard equipment (UT Pinstripe on toms, UT Powerstroke on bass drums). These are made in China. The VML line was discontinued for 2013, making the VBL the highest-end of the Vision series.
- Session Studio Classic (SSC) – Introduced at Winter NAMM 2012, the Session Studio Classic line reintroduces the Session Series for the first time in five years. These drums are made 6 plies of birch and kapur (referred to Pearl as their "Session Formula" shells), and feature Remo drum heads (Pinstripe on the toms, Powerstroke 3 heads on the bass drums), OptiMount tom mounts, and SuperHoop II hoops. These drums are made in Taiwan.
- Masters Custom (MCX) - Drums made from 6 plies of maple. These drums replace the entire Session and Masters Premium lines until the introduction of the Session Studio Classic, with the only difference being that they feature die-cast hoops, Masters Series lugs, Masters Series OptiMount tom mounts, and Remo drum heads. They are the same configuration as the Masters Premium MRP kits, but they only come in 5 finishes with bright chrome being the only hardware option. As a result, the drums are not made up as a "custom" stock. Since they are warehoused in large quantities, time between order and delivery are much shorter. These are made in Taiwan.
- Masters Premium – The successor to the Masters Series drums, available in either birch (BMP/BRP) or maple (MMP/MRP). All series offer the choice of either chrome, black chrome, or gold hardware. The line was discontinued in the U.S. in favor of the less expensive MCX series, but continues to be sold in Japan and Europe. However, it can still be ordered as a "special order" in the North American market.
- Masters Premium Legend (MPL) – Introduced at the 2011 Musikmesse music fair, the Legend Series incorporates most of the features found in the Reference Pure series such as Fat Tone hoops, thinner shells, and lightweight swivel tube lugs (snares only), all of which are designed to reduce the kit's weight. Unlike the Masters Premium line, these drums are only made from maple, with the choice of 4mm or 6mm shells. These drums are available only in Europe.
- Reference Pure (RP) – New for 2011, the Reference Pure series features the same wood blend as the original Reference series, but with thinner shells (each ply .9mm thick), new "Fat Tone" hoops, and Masters Premium-style swivel tube lugs, all of which are designed to reduce the overall weight of the kit and to create a more open, resonant sound.
- Reference (RF) - Pearl's professional drum line made from blended wood types (maple, birch and African mahogany). They are the highest quality that Pearl offers that are not custom-made. The drums come in a wide array of finishes with chrome, black or gold-plated hardware. This series is also made in Taiwan, and are readily available for order in red wine color. All other colors still may take up to six months for order.
- Masterworks (MW) – Pearl's flagship drum line. Everything, including the plies of wood (such as mahogany, maple, birch, and carbon fiber/maple), style and finish of hardware (chrome, 24k gold, black), and finish can be selected by the customer. For an added cost, Masterworks drums can be ordered with an exotic wood outer ply (such as tamo or bubinga), which enhances the finish. All of the drums are handmade, and because of this, delivery times can take up to six months and even a full year.
- SY1 Syncussion- Released in 1979, this was the forerunner to the Simmons SDSV.
It offered two completely independent (and identical) channels which were typically triggered from two bongo-like drums fitted with transducers. They could be triggered from almost anything including an old synth with a gate output or, indeed, the trigger outputs of a drum machine.It was capable of producing electronic drum and percussion sounds and sound effects.
- DRX 1- Was the next model Pearl brought out, similar to the Simmons kits The kits came with five trigger pads consisting of a bass drum trigger and four snare/tom triggers; and an electronic brain controller module.
Also using rubber pads which were softer for better rebound. Later on they bought out a restyled version named Pearl Drum X, the last version was the Syncussion X, this was radically different using full analogue and electronic sounds.
- ePro Live - Pearl's first electronic kit that included real drums made from poplar shells. The drum pads can be replaced with traditional drum heads and can be played as an acoustic drum kit. They are available in two finishes, Jet Black and Pearl's new Artisan II finish, Quilted Maple Fade. Pearl's "EPC2" plastic cymbals or real brass E-Classic electronic cymbals (designed by Smartrigger Electronic Cymbals) are available. The kit's drum module, Pearl's R.E.D.(Real Electronic Drums) box, includes acoustic and vintage drums, electronics from beat machines to modern digital, and a variety of orchestral, concert and world percussion instruments.
- Forum – Drums made with 6 plies (7.5mm) of Poplar in wrap finishes. Forum drums include Pearl's CXP cymbals, Vic Firth drumsticks, an instructional DVD, and Pearl's 890 Series hardware as standard equipment. In January 2008, the Forum line received an upgrade to the Forum FZ - featuring upgrades like ISS tom mounts.[clarification needed] These are made in China. The Forum line was replaced by the new Export line in 2013.
- SoundCheck - Pearl's entry-level kit. These drums are made from 9 plies of mahogany and are finished in a durable high-gloss covering. Despite its discontinuation, it is still available for purchase at some music shops, such as Guitar Center.
- Export (EX, ELX, EXR, and ECX) - Pearl's most popular series of drum kits, and the most popular set ever sold (the one millionth Export kit was produced in 1995). The latest generation of Export drums were made with 6 plies (7.5mm) of Poplar, with the ECX series being made from maple, and come standard with Pearl's ISS tom mounting system. They were discontinued and replaced by the Vision series, and later reintroduced in 2013 (as the EXX) to replace the Forum line.
- Session - Drums made from 100% Maple or Birch shells. Session drums came standard with the OptiMount suspension system and 2.3mm SuperHoops. The series was discontinued in January 2008. These drums were extremely popular, but expensive. The Session line was later reintroduced in 2012 as the Session Studio Classic.
- Masters - The forerunner to the Masters Premium line, with shells made from either Maple (MMX, MRX, MSX), Birch (MBX, BRX) or Mahogany (MHX). Most of their finishes are now available on their Masters Premium and Reference series drums.
- MX, MLX & BLX - The predecessor of the original Masters series, with the MX being a wrapped 6ply (7.5mm) maple kit, and the MLX and BLX being lacquered 6ply (7.5mm) Maple and Birch Kits respectively. Included 2.3mm Superhoops, through-shell mounting and often came with a free-floating snare.
- DX & DLX - The original Session series made from birch and mahogany. DX drums were available in a wrapped finish, with the DLX drums available in a lacquered finish.
- World Series (WLX/WX) - Drum kits placed between the Export, MLX, and BLX kits. They had various shell compositions over time, and came in both wrapped (WX) and lacquered (WLX) models.
- Custom Z - Drums made from maple (CZX) or birch (SZX), 8ply (10mm) snares and rack toms, 10ply (12.5mm) floor toms and kick drums. The CZX was introduced in 1989, and discontinued in 1994. Initially, in 1989, the only finish available was #300 Champagne lacquer, however, by 1993, the last year of production, #110 Sequoia Red, #113 Sheer Blue, #103 Piano Black, and #109 Arctic White were also available. Toms were available in square sizes (12x12, 13x13, etc.) and power sizes (12x10, 13x11, etc.). Bass drums were available in 16" and 18" depths. All featured high-tension lug casings with brass swivel nuts. In the final year of production, some CZX kits were offered with "virgin" shells (no BT2 tom mounts or BB3 bass drum mounts). In 1991, the CZX Studio Series, also known as the SZX, was introduced. The SZX featured 100% birch shells in the same thickness as the CZX. Tom sizes, however, were limited to power sizes and bass drums were only available in 16" depth. The SZX was available in #131 Midnight Quartz, #133 Crimson Quartz #110 Sequoia Red, #113 Sheer Blue, #103 Piano Black, and #109 Arctic White. 1993 was the last year of production for the SZX.
- CenterStage – Entry-level kit; replaces Forum line. Nine-ply aged mahogany shells. Available in jet black or wine red wrapped finish. Retails for $399 for full kit including hardware (no cymbals).
Over the years, Pearl has released a number of limited edition kits, normally special versions of existing lines:
- Redline - Reference kits available in either solid black or solid white with matching lugs and hoops. True to its name, the rubber gaskets on the lugs and bass drum claws were dyed red. The kits came in different size shellpacks in rock-styled configurations. The Redline series were released in the US in 2008 and in Europe (as a Masters Premium kit) at the Musikmesse later that year.
- 50th Anniversary - Masters Series drums made from birch with reinforcement hoops and 24-karat gold-plated lugs. 30 kits—10 in Wine Red, 10 in Black Mist, and 10 in Emerald Mist—were made and were not sold in the US except for the Anniversary style snares, though they differ from the snare drums that came with the Anniversary kits (The single snares were single-ply with vintage lugs and hoops).
- Chad Smith & Joey Jordison limited edition - Released as an Export shell pack, the Joey Jordison kits consisted of a double bass setup and comes with a Joey Jordison signature snare, while the Chad Smith kits are made in a rock setup and comes with a Chad Smith signature snare. These kits were later rereleased in 2008 as a Forum drum kit.
- Mahogany - Drums constructed from African Mahogany.
As well as drum kits, Pearl is a renowned producer of snare drums. Low-end kits (Vision series and lower) come standard with snare drums, and higher-end series have snares which must be bought separately. Individual snares, as well as artists' signature snares, are also available.
Series snare drums
- Soundcheck - Comes with matching 14"x5.5" snare as standard equipment.
- Forum - Comes with matching 14"x5.5" snare as standard equipment.
- Export (EXX) - Comes with matching 14"x5.5" snare as standard equipment.
- Vision - VX, VSX, VLX and VBX lines come with a steel SensiTone snare, while the VMX line comes with a matching maple snare. For 2011, the VB, VBA, and VMA lines come with a matching wood snare, while the VBL line comes with a steel SensiTone snare.
- Masters - Available in all Masters lines and finishes. Ordered separately from kits.
- Reference - 20-ply wood snares are available in 14"x5", 14"x6.5" and 13"x6.5" sizes. They utilize the same mixed wood technology as other Reference drums, with 6 inner plies of birch and 14 outer plies of maple with a 45° bearing edge. Metal Reference snares are also available, with shells made from either steel and brass. Both metal snares are available in 14"x5" and 14"x6.5" sizes.
- Masterworks - Masterworks snares can be custom-ordered with a kit, or as a separate item. They are available in a wide range of materials, sizes and finishes.
Individual snare drums
- SensiTone Elite - Snares produced from five metals: steel, stainless steel, brass, phosphor bronze and aluminium. All are available in 14"x5" and 14"x6.5" sizes. In 2011, the stainless steel, bronze, and aluminum models were discontinued, leaving the brass and steel models the only models in its lineup.
- UltraCast - Drums made from 3mm cast aluminum. Available in 14x5 and 14x6.5 sizes.
- Free-Floating - Pearl's Free-Floating snares removes all hardware from the shell, allowing the player to change the shell as easily as a head. The throw-off, lugs and other hardware are part of the special edge ring which holds the drum and heads together. Available in copper, brass, steel, aluminium and maple with shell depths of 3.5", 5", 6.5" and 8". In 2011, the copper and brass models, as well as the 8" shell depth, were discontinued. Also the aluminium shells were discontinued.
- Symphonic - Made from 6 ply, 7.5mm thick maple, for concert-quality snare drums. The throw-off features three separate strainers for thin cables, heavy cables and snare wires, allowing a variety of sounds.
- Firecracker - Snares made from 8-ply Poplar or 1mm steel shells. They are available in 10" and 12" sizes, both with a 5" depth.
- Effects - Effects snares includes the 10"x6" Maple Popcorn snare as well as piccolo snares. All are designed to create sounds not found in standard snare drum sizes.
- Dennis Chambers – A 6.5"x14" snare made with 4 plies of maple with 4 additional plies of reinforcement rings. It is available in an opal white finish, and features split-tube lugs. It was the only snare in Pearl's drum lineup (until the introduction of the David Erlandsson's signature snare) to feature Evans heads as standard equipment, as Chambers is an endorser of that brand.
- Joey Jordison - A 6.5"x13" snare made with a 1mm steel shell with Masters Series lugs(CL-65B). The shell, hoops, and lugs are all painted black, while the shell features laser-engraved Slipknot logos around it.
- Virgil Donati – A 5"x14" snare made with an 8-ply shell consisting of 4 inner plies of birch and 4 outer plies of maple with rounded bearing edges.
- Omar Hakim - A 5"x13" snare made with 6 plies of African mahogany and SuperHoop II hoops.
- Ian Paice - A 6.5"x14" snare made with a beaded steel shell and locking tension rods. The snare itself is a modified version of Ludwig Drums' Supraphonic snare, and Paice himself was a former endorser of the company prior to his switch to Pearl.
- Chad Smith - A 5"x14" steel snare in a black nickel finish, featuring Masters Series lugs.
- Daniel Erlandsson - A 5.5"x14" snare made with a 1.2mm beadless stainless steel shell with Dual-Color Tube lugs, black Superhoop II hoops, an Arch Enemy symbol, Ultra Sound snare wires, and Evans heads. This snare is only available in Europe.
- Tico Torres - A 6.5"x14" free-floating snare made with a 3mm cast aluminum shell complete with satin hardware and diecast hoops.
Discontinued snare drums
- Soundcheck - Comes with matching 14"x5.5" snare as standard equipment.
- Forum - Comes with matching 14"x5.5" snare as standard equipment. (Discontinued and replaced with the new Export series)
Hardware and Pedals
In addition to producing drums, Pearl has also produced hardware for its drum and percussion instruments as well as pedals. One of Pearl's major improvements was the introduction of the Uni-Lock tilter on their tom mounts and cymbal stands. Introduced in 1982, the Uni-Lock tilter uses a frictionless, gearless tilter, allowing the player to make more precise angle adjustments to their toms and cymbals. This was further improved with the introduction of the Gyro-Lock tilters which rotate a full 360 degrees. Most of Pearl's pedals come equipped with PowerShifter heel plates, which allow the player to adjust the pedal's feel by sliding the plate either forwards or backwards.
- 700 Series - Pearl's low-end line of hardware featuring gear tilters and double-braced legs. These come standard on Forum kits. Replaced by the 830 Series in 2013.
- 900 Series/930 Series - Introduced in 2009, the 900 Series is Pearl's mid-ranged line of hardware featuring Uni-Lock tilters. 900 Series hardware come standard on Vision series kits. For 2013, the 930 Series was released, being the updated version of the 900 Series
- 1000 Series/2000 Series - Pearl's high-end lines of drum hardware. 1000 Series hardware come equipped with upgraded Uni-Lock tilters, while 2000 Series hardware are equipped with Pearl's Gyro-Lock tilters. For 2013, the 1030 and 2030 Series were released, being upgraded versions of the 1000 and 2000 series respectively.
- 900 Series - Pearl's low-end line of pedals. These pedals succeed the 120 series. For 2013, the 930 Series line of pedals (also known as the Demonator line) was introduced, borrowing many features from the Eliminator and Demon lines.
- Eliminator (2000 Series) - Pearl's mid-ranged line of pedals and the most versatile line of pedals in Pearl's lineup. Eliminator pedals feature Pearl's patented QuadBeater which allow the player to choose between four distinct sounds, six interchangeable cams which affects the pedal's feel and response, and a customizable traction plate. For 2012, the Eliminator II (2100 series) line of pedals were introduced, sporting features from the Demon series such as Ninja bearings, Z-link universal joints (limited edition only), and the Control Core beater, and bridges the gap between the Eliminator and Eliminator Demon lines. The Eliminator II is currently only sold in Japan.
- Eliminator Demon (3000 Series) - Pearl's high-end line of pedals. Introduced in 2009, the Demon Drive pedals come equipped with direct drive links, micro-polished bearings (courtesy of Ninja Skateboards), and a "Duo-Deck" footboard which allow the player to switch between short and longboard pedals. For 2012, the Demon Chain pedal was introduced, incorporating the same features as its direct drive counterpart, but with a lightweight chain and "Perfect Circle" cam.
Pearl Percussion has long been involved with marching percussion instruments. Their first appearance in the world of drum corps was in 1981 with the Cavaliers Drum & Bugle Corps who marched with a complete battery set of Pearl marching drums that year. Pearl's "FFX" free-floating marching snare, and Championship Series deep cut tenor drums feature distinctive volume and clarity that became one of the most frequently featured marching drums utilized by drum and bugle corps and related marching-arts ensembles. Pearl developed the "free-floating" design in the 1990s.
Endorsers (Short List)
- Peter Criss - Kiss
- Chuck Burgi - Rainbow, Blue Öyster Cult, Meat Loaf
- Anders Johansson - Yngwie Malmsteen
- James Kottak - Kingdom Come, Scorpions
- Nick Menza - Megadeth
- Phil Collins - Genesis, Phil Collins
- Eddie Livingston - Evildead, Tactics, Terror, Armored Saint, Billy Preston, Veruca Salt, Social Distortion
- Eric Hernendez - Bruno Mars
- Chris Fryar - Zac Brown Band
- Daniel Adair - Nickelback
- Tico Torres - Bon Jovi
- Jimmy DeGrasso - Independent
- Barry Kerch - Shinedown
- Jeff Porcaro - Toto
- Bill Marshall - Hank Williams Jr
- Johnny Kelly - Type O Negative
- Alan White - Oasis
- Tony McCarroll - Rain, Oasis, Raika
- "Pearl History: Tradition of excellence" at Pearl Europe website
- Pearl - The Best Reason To Play Drums
- Pearl's History
- Pearl's Commitment to Quality
- Pearl Drums SST Video (2:57)
- "Pearl Japan's page on the Eliminator pedals" (in Japanese). Pearl Drums. Retrieved December 9, 2012.
- Trazendo a Arca. "André Mattos novo Endorser das baterias PEARL da américa latina". Teresina Gospel. Retrieved 31 March 2012.
- "Endorses". Trazendo a Arca. Retrieved 12 April 2012.