Pearston

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Pearston
Pearston is located in South Africa
Pearston
Pearston
 Pearston shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 32°34′54″S 25°08′16″E / 32.58167°S 25.13778°E / -32.58167; 25.13778Coordinates: 32°34′54″S 25°08′16″E / 32.58167°S 25.13778°E / -32.58167; 25.13778
Country South Africa
Province Eastern Cape
District Cacadu
Municipality Blue Crane Route
Established 1859
Area[1]
 • Total 32.8 km2 (12.7 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 4,516
 • Density 140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 37.4%
 • Coloured 59.3%
 • Indian/Asian 0.6%
 • White 1.9%
 • Other 0.8%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Afrikaans 67.6%
 • Xhosa 27.9%
 • English 2.5%
 • Other 2.0%
Postal code (street) 5860
PO box 5860
Area code 042

Pearston is a small town in the eastern Karoo, in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. It lies between Graaff-Reinet and Somerset East at the foot of the Coetzee Mountains, about 160 kilometres (100 mi) north of Port Elizabeth. It falls within the Blue Crane Route Local Municipality and has a population of approximately 4,000 people.

History[edit]

In 1850 John Pears, the minister of the Dutch Reformed Church in the town of Somerset (now Somerset East) began holding services on the farm Rustenburg, on the bank of the Voël River.[2][3] In 1858 the church announced its intention to establish a village named Pearston on that location. A portion of the farm was purchased and lots sold, and the village was officially founded on 21 September 1859.[2] It became a town with municipal government on 3 April 1894.[2]

Government[edit]

Pearston falls within the Blue Crane Route Local Municipality, which has its seat at Somerset East, and forms part of the larger Cacadu District Municipality. It is located in the fourth ward of the municipality, which is represented by Councillor Mncedi Mali of the African National Congress.[4]

Geography[edit]

Pearston is located about 160 kilometres (100 mi) north of Port Elizabeth, on the banks of the Voël River. It is situated at an altitude of 710 metres (2,330 ft) on the Camdeboo plain. The Coetzeesberge mountains, a spur of the Sneeuberge, lie to the north, and the Groot-Bruintjieshoogte lie to the east. Pearston is the meeting-point of two regional roads: the R63 from Graaff-Reinet to Somerset East and Cookhouse, and the R337 from Jansenville to Cradock.

Demography[edit]

According to the 2001 Census 2,596 people live in Pearston proper,[5] and a further 1,448 live in the adjacent township of Khayanisho,[6] giving the urban area a total population of 4,044. 56.9% of the people described themselves as "Coloured", 39.3% as "Black African", 3.5% as "White" and 0.3% as "Indian or Asian". 64.2% of the people spoke Afrikaans as their first language, while 35.4% spoke Xhosa and 0.4% spoke English.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Sum of the Main Places Pearston and Khanyiso from Census 2011.
  2. ^ a b c "Pearston, Eastern Cape, South Africa". Retrieved 8 February 2012. 
  3. ^ "What is in a name". Retrieved 8 February 2012. 
  4. ^ "Mayor and Councillor Information". Blue Crane Route Municipality. Retrieved 8 February 2012. 
  5. ^ "Main Place Pearston". Census 2001. Retrieved 8 February 2012. 
  6. ^ "Main Place Khayanisho". Census 2001. Retrieved 8 February 2012.