Peca (mountain)

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Petzen Bergmassiv VoelkermarkterStausee.jpg
Elevation 2,125 m (6,972 ft)[1]
Prominence 1,200 m (3,900 ft)
Location Austria / Slovenia
Range Karavanke
Coordinates 46°30′N 14°47′E / 46.500°N 14.783°E / 46.500; 14.783Coordinates: 46°30′N 14°47′E / 46.500°N 14.783°E / 46.500; 14.783

Peca (Slovene) or Petzen (German) is the highest mountain of the Eastern Karavanke range,[2] the second highest mountain of the Northern Karavanke,[3] and the most eastern two-thousand-metre (over 6,562 ft) mountain of Slovenia.[4] It is a mighty mountain with a characteristic shape of a tableland with rocky peaks protruding from it.[5] The mountain borders the Mežica Valley and the Topla Valley to the south and east, and the Jaun Valley to the north, and is separated by a narrow valley of the Bela creek from Hochobir.[6] Two thirds of the mountain lie in Austria, and one third in Slovenia.[6] The mountain reaches the highest altitude at the mountain crest[7] of Kordež Head (Slovene: Kordeževa Glava, Kordeschkopf, 2,125 metres or 6,972 feet).[1] The border runs across it.[6]

The mountain is built of Triassic Wetterstein limestone and dolomite.[8] In the past, the lead and zinc ores were mined in Peca, the shafts belonging to the Topla and Mežica mines.[9] In addition to the ore, several rare minerals were discovered in the Peca underground, such as wulfenite and calcite.[10] From the global standpoint, the Topla mine is it a rare proof of the sediment creation of lead-zinc ore deposits in supratidal zones.[11] The underground of Peca may be visited with a mountain bike.[12]

The slopes at the Slovenian side are in large part forested, whereas its higher parts are home to a variety of Alpine flora, including the flowers Primula minima, Ranunculus alpestris, Cortusa matthioli, Campanula zoysii, and the grass Helictotrichon petzense.[6][4] A ski slope is situated at the Austrian side.

A mountain hostel has been built at Mala Peca (1,665 metres or 5,463 feet) in 1928, burnt in World War II, and rebuilt in 1957.[6] Since 1936, a chapel of Sts. Cyril and Methodius with a bell (since 1999) stands next to it.[13] The beginning of an abandoned pit,[14] named Matjaž Cave after the King Matjaž, is situated in the vicinity.[15] It is a historical monument.[15] Inside it, there is a bronze statue of the sleeping king. The statue was designed in 1958 by the sculptor and mountaineer Marjan Keršič,[15] put to bronze by the sculptor France Rotar, and placed in the cave in 1962.[16]


  1. ^ a b Dobnik, Jože. "Kordeževa glava" [Kordež Head]. (in Slovenian). Sinergise, d. o. o., Geoedetic Administration of the Republic of Slovenia. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  2. ^ Perko, Drago; Orožen Adamič, Milan (1998). "Vzhodne Karavanke" [Eastern Karavanke]. Slovenija: pokrajina in ljudje [Slovenia: The Landscape and the People]. p. 135. ISBN 9788611150338. 
  3. ^ Štrucl, Ivo (1970). "Stratigrafske in tektonske razmere v vzhodnem delu severnih Karavank". Geologija: razprave in poročila [Geological Transactions and Reports] (Slovensko geološko društvo [Geological Society of Slovenia]) 13: 5. ISSN 0016-7789. 
  4. ^ a b "Naravne znamenitosti: Peca". Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  5. ^ Tomšič, Žare (2007). "Mountains and Peaks". RRA Koroška [Regional Development Agency of Carinthia]. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c d e Dobnik, Jože (2006, 2011). "Pot kurirjev in vezistov NOB" [Path of Couriers and Operators of the National Liberation War]. Planinska zveza Slovenije [Mountaineering Association of Slovenia]. Geodetska uprava Republike Slovenije [Geodetic Administration of the Republic of Slovenia]. Društvo Domicilnega odbora kurirjev in vezistov NOV Slovenije [Society of the Domicile Board of the Couriers and Operators of the National Liberation War of Slovenia]. Točka Dom na Peci [The Veliki Snežnik Point]. Retrieved 12 March 2012.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  7. ^ Rikanovič, Rada. Brenčič, Miha (2003). "Comparison of the CORINE Land Cover data and Agricultural Land Use Monitoring Data as a basis for groundwater vulnerability mapping in the Peca border region". Geologija: razprave in poročila [Geological Transactions and Reports] (Slovensko geološko društvo [Geological Society of Slovenia]) 46 (2): 440. 
  8. ^ Bole, Bernarda (2002). "Karbonatne kamnine Pece" [Carbonate Rocks of Mt. Peca]. Geologija: razprave in poročila [Geological Transactions and Reports] (in Slovenian): 59–69. ISSN 0016-7789. COBISS 887125. 
  9. ^ Javornik, Marjan (1999). "Topla". In Voglar, Dušan. Dermastja, Alenka. Enciklopedija Slovenije [Encyclopedia of Slovenia] (in Slovene) 13. p. 288. ISBN 9788611153643. 
  10. ^ "Minerali iz podzemlja Pece" [Minerals from the Peca Underground] (in Slovenian). Prirodoslovni muzej Slovenije [Natural History Museum of Slovenia]. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  11. ^ "Geosites and Geopart Localities in the Geopark area". Application for Membership in the Global Geoparks Network. Zavod RS za varstvo narave [Institute of the Republic of Slovenia for the Protection of Nature]. p. 22. 
  12. ^ "Cycling in the Mine". Podzemlje Pece: Tourist Mine and Museum. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  13. ^ "Peca: Mala Peca". Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  14. ^ "Krkine planinske poti: Peca" [Krka's Mountain Paths]. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  15. ^ a b c "Peca - Matjaževa jama" [Peca: Matjaž Cave]. Registry of Immovable Cultural Heritage (in Slovenian). Ministry of Culture, Slovenia. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  16. ^ "Zgodovina" [History]. Planinsko društvo Mežica [Mežica Mountaineering Club]. 1958 - 1969. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 

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