Peckham (UK Parliament constituency)

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Peckham
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County Greater London
1885 (1885)1997 (1997)
Number of members One
Replaced by Camberwell & Peckham, Southwark North and Bermondsey
Created from Lambeth

Peckham was a borough constituency in South London which returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Elections were held using the first-past-the-post voting system.

It was created for the 1885 general election and abolished for the 1997 general election, when it was replaced by the new constituency of Camberwell and Peckham.

History[edit]

The constituency was, by the time of its abolition, a safe Labour seat. It was held for the last thirteen years of its existence by Harriet Harman, who went on to become the deputy leader of the Labour Party.

Boundaries[edit]

Peckham in the Metropolitan Board of Works area, showing boundaries used from 1885 to 1918.
Peckham in the Parliamentary County of London from 1918 to 1949.
Peckham in the Parliamentary County of London from 1950 to 1974.

The constituency formed the southern part of the London Borough of Southwark, centred around the district of Peckham.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Arthur Anthony Baumann Conservative
1892 Sir Frederick George Banbury Conservative
1906 Charles Goddard Clarke Liberal
1908 by-election Henry Cubitt Gooch Conservative
Dec. 1910 Sir Albion Henry Herbert Richardson Liberal
1922 Collingwood James Hughes Conservative
1924 Hugh Dalton Labour
1929 John Beckett Labour
1931 David Field Beatty, Viscount Borodale Conservative
1936 by-election Lewis Silkin Labour
1950 Freda Corbet Labour
Feb 1974 Harry Lamborn Labour
1982 by-election Harriet Harman Labour
1997 constituency abolished: see Camberwell & Peckham
and Southwark North and Bermondsey

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1992: Peckham[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harriet Harman 19,391 61.8 +7.2
Conservative Christopher M. Frazer 7,386 23.5 −2.2
Liberal Democrat Mrs Rose E. Colley 4,331 13.8 −4.0
Workers Revolutionary Gilbert C. Dacres 146 0.5 N/A
Corrective Victor E. Teh 140 0.4 +0.4
Majority 12,005 38.2 +9.4
Turnout 31,394 53.8 −1.8
Labour hold Swing +4.7

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Peckham

constituency of
Composed of the wards of
Electorate , Turnout %,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harriet Harman 17,965 54.5 +2.9
Conservative Mrs. L.K.F. Ingram 8,476 25.7 +1.5
Liberal R.H. Shearham 5,878 17.9 −3.8
Green Miss D. Robinson 628 1.9 N/A
Majority 9,489 28.8
Turnout 32,947 55.6
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Peckham

constituency of
Composed of the wards of
Electorate , Turnout %,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harriet Harman 16,616 51.6
Conservative Tobias William Hammersley Eckersley 7,792 24.2
Social Democrat Andrew John Sawdon 7,006 21.7
National Front Mrs. Mary Bailey 800 2.5
Majority 8,824 27.4
Turnout 32,214 54.5
Labour hold Swing
Peckham by-election, 1982
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harriet Harman 11,349 50.3 -9.5
Social Democrat Dick Taverne 7,418 32.9 +25.3
Conservative John Redwood 2,800 12.4 -15.7
National Front Martin Webster 874 3.9 -0.5
Democratic Monarchist, Public Safety, White Resident Bill Boaks 102 0.5 N/A
Majority 3,931 17.44 -14.33
Turnout 22,543
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979:

constituency of
Composed of the wards of
Electorate , Turnout %,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harry Lamborn 20,364 59.85
Conservative A. Dalton 9,553 28.07
Liberal T. Minahan 2,607 7.66
Majority 10,811 31.77
Turnout 57.66
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974:

constituency of
Composed of the wards of
Electorate , Turnout %,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harry Lamborn 24,587 71.64
Conservative N.B. Baker 5,760 16.78
Liberal S.W.F. Saltmarsh 3,971 11.57
Majority 18,827 54.86
Turnout 54.17
Labour hold Swing
General Election 28 February 1974:

constituency of
Composed of the wards of
Electorate , Turnout %,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harry Lamborn 26,116 64.31
Conservative N.B. Baker 8,045 19.81
Liberal S. Saltmarsh 6,446 15.87
Majority 18,071 44.50
Turnout 64.59
Labour hold Swing
General Election 18 June 1970:

constituency of
Composed of the wards of
Electorate , Turnout %,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Freda Künzlen Corbet 17,071 67.47
Conservative Ivan John Lawrence 8,232 32.53
Majority 8,839 34.93
Turnout 49.80
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 31 March 1966:

constituency of
Composed of the wards of
Electorate 51,526, Turnout %,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Freda Künzlen Corbet 20,630 72.00
Conservative Ivan John Lawrence 8,023 28.00
Majority 12,607 44.00
Turnout 55.61
Labour hold Swing
General Election 15 October 1964:

constituency of
Composed of the wards of
Electorate 53,925, Turnout %,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Freda Künzlen Corbet 20,111 63.97
Conservative Toby Jessel 11,326 36.03
Majority 8,785 27.94
Turnout 58.30
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 8 October 1959:

constituency of
Composed of the wards of
Electorate , Turnout %,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Freda Künzlen Corbet 24,389 65.22
Conservative A.F. Lockwood 13,007 34.78
Majority 11,382 30.44
Turnout 64.64
Labour hold Swing
General Election 26 May 1955:

constituency of
Composed of the wards of
Electorate 61,020 Turnout %,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Freda Künzlen Corbet 26,315 67.71
Conservative DG Smith 12,547 32.29
Majority 13,768 35.43
Turnout 63.66
Labour hold Swing
General Election 25 October 1951:

constituency of
Composed of the wards of
Electorate , Turnout %,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Freda Künzlen Corbet 33,702 69.84
Conservative C.V. Ford 14,557 30.16
Majority 19,146 39.67
Turnout 75.62
Labour hold Swing
General Election 23 February 1950:

constituency of
Composed of the wards of
Electorate , Turnout %,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Freda Künzlen Corbet 32,623 66.44
Conservative E.H. Lee 13,323 27.13
Liberal K.G.P. Gunnell 2,267 4.62
Communist T. Gibson 886 1.80
Majority 19,300 39.31
Turnout 77.59
Labour hold Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 5 to 19 July 1945:

constituency of
Composed of the wards of
Electorate , Turnout %,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Lewis Silkin 12,935 68.69
Conservative R.J.L. O'Connell 5,896 31.31
Majority 7,039 37.38
Turnout 65.52
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

Peckham by-election: May 1936

constituency of Camberwell Peckham
Composed of the wards of
Electorate 47,933, Turnout %,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Lewis Silkin 13,007
Conservative Capt. P.G.A. Harvey 12,907
Majority 100
Turnout
Labour gain from Conservative
General Election 14 November 1935:

constituency of Camberwell Peckham
Composed of the wards of
Electorate 47,933, Turnout %,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Viscount Borodale 15,229 51.30
Labour Lewis Silkin 14,457 14,457 48.70
Majority 772 2.60
Turnout 64.78
Labour hold Swing
General Election 27 October 1931:[2]

Electorate , Turnout %,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Viscount Borodale 19,458 58.1
Ind. Labour Party John Warburton Beckett 11,217 33.5
National Labour E J Titler 1,442 4.3
Independent Labour Hubert Beaumont 1,350 4.0
Majority 8,241 24.6
Turnout 33,467 69.7
Conservative gain from Labour

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 30 May 1929:Peckham[3]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Warburton Beckett 15,751 48.9
Conservative Dr James Douglas Cooke 10,246 31.8
Liberal George Ivor Phillips 6,187 19.2
Majority 5,505 17.1
Turnout 32,184 67.0
Labour hold
General Election 29 October 1924:[4]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Hugh John Neale Dalton
Conservative
Liberal
Majority
Turnout
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 6 December 1923:

Electorate 38,611

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Collingwood Hughes 8,526
Labour W A Chambers 8,370
Liberal C W Tagg 6,815
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold
General Election 15 November 1922

Electorate 38,189

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Collingwood James Hughes 11,218 44.4
National Liberal Henry Lesser 6,739 26.7
Labour Walter Ashbridge Chambers 5,964 23.6
Liberal Gerald Spence Tetley 1,329 5.3
Majority 4,479 17.7
Turnout 25,250 66.1
Conservative gain from Coalition Liberal

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Albion Richardson
General Election 14 December 1918:

constituency of Camberwell Peckham
Composed of the Camberwell wards of Clifton, Goldsmith, Nunhead, The Rye, Ryes Lane and St Mary's
Electorate 36,916 Turnout %,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Coalition Liberal Sir Albion HH Richardson 8,764
Independent Unionist Collingwood James Hughes 4,550
Labour Charles Diamond 2,559
Majority 4,214
Turnout
Coalition Liberal hold
General Election December 1910: Camberwell, Peckham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Albion Henry Herbert Richardson 5,027 50.2 0.6
Conservative Henry Cubitt Gooch 4,986 49.8 -0.6
Majority 41
Turnout 12,341 81.1
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
General Election January 1910: Camberwell, Peckham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Henry Cubitt Gooch 5,330 50.4 -10.5
Liberal Albion Henry Herbert Richardson 5,247 49.6 10.5
Majority 83
Turnout 12,341 85.7
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Peckham by-election, 1908[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Henry Cubitt Gooch 6,970 60.9 23.3
Liberal Thomas Gautrey 4,476 39.1 -23.3
Majority 2,494
Turnout 14,615 78.3
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1906: Camberwell, Peckham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Charles Goddard Clarke 5,903 62.4 21.7
Conservative Sir Frederick George Banbury 3,564 37.6 -21.7
Majority 2,339
Turnout 12,401 76.3
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1900: Camberwell, Peckham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Frederick George Banbury 4,453 59.3 2.9
Liberal Capt. Fitzroy Hemphill 3,061 40.7 -2.9
Majority 1,392
Turnout 11,835 63.5
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1895: Camberwell, Peckham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Frederick George Banbury 4,495 56.4 5.8
Liberal Charles Clements 3,472 43.6 -4.6
Majority 1,023
Turnout 11,388 70.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1892: Camberwell, Peckham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Frederick George Banbury 3,847 50.6 -5.5
Liberal Edwin Jones 3,664 48.2 4.3
Independent Labour Ben Ellis 95 1.2
Majority 183
Turnout 10,861 70.0
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1886: Camberwell, Peckham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Anthony Baumann 3,439 56.1 7.2
Liberal William Willis 2,688 43.9 1.3
Majority 751
Turnout 9,713 63.1
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1885: Camberwell, Peckham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Anthony Baumann 3,362 48.9
Liberal William Willis 2,929 42.6
Independent Liberal Edward Dresser Rogers 580 8.4
Majority 433
Turnout 9,713 70.7
Conservative gain from new seat Swing

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010. 
  2. ^ "General Election Results - 1931". The Times. 29 October 1931. p. 25. 
  3. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949 by F.W.S. Craig
  4. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949 by F.W.S. Craig
  5. ^ "Election Intelligence. Camberwell (Peckham Division)". The Times. 25 March 1908. p. 12.