Peco Bauwens

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Dr Peter Joseph ("Peco") Bauwens (December 24, 1886 – November 24, 1963) was a German international football (soccer) player, referee and controversial administrator with the German Football Association (DFB). In total he was associated with the national game in that country from 1904 until 1962.

Early career[edit]

Born in Cologne, Bauwens had only got into football as a result of a childhood accident; his mother having been encouraged to push him into the sport by a doctor. The suggestion worked, Bauwens leg (which had been threatened with amputation) was saved and the young player even went as far as turning out for the German national side in a 3-0 reverse to Belgium in May, 1910. However, it was hardly auspicious, being substituted in the second half with the hosts already two goals down. Bauwens had been a member of the Cologne club from 1904.[1]

Refereeing[edit]

A member of the upper middle class, Bauwens reputedly attained his doctorate in Law in Leipzig on April 7, 1914 but there are questions as to whether this was a genuinely acquired title. He was instrumental in assisting in the Post-War development of German football as a result of a role he assumed with the German-Belgian-Luxembourg Chamber of Commerce.[2] At this time Bauwens decided upon becoming a referee. Bauwens became involved in a wide range of representative matches, and matches of national significance. He took charge of a Brazilian selection against Frankfurt-en-Main in which he awarded a penalty to the guest side only to be kissed by Baltazar the Brazilian player. He was also referee during the 1922 German Cup Final in which SV Hamburg and 1. FC Nuremberg played out two lengthy draws only for the second game to be abandoned when Nuremberg were reduced to six outfield players and a goalkeeper. The DFB awarded the title to Hamburg.

Political Situation[edit]

Professionally, he worked within the construction industry (and for a company that had dealings with the Third Reich and which, later, allegedly, operated a forced labour camp during the Second World War). His marriage to Elizabeth Gidion, a lady from a Jewish family in Cologne, in 1920 (having two children with her) got him into trouble with the authorities; his company being banned from affiliation with the National Socialist Factory Organisation (NSDAP) in May 1933 a year after he had applied to join. The marriage suffered on account of the deteriorating political situation in Germany in the 1930s, and because of Bauwens entering into extramarital affairs (from which one daughter was conceived). Mrs Bauwens committed suicide on April 16, 1940.[3]

International Referee[edit]

In total he was the referee in 82 international matches, including the famous 1931 international at Highbury between England and Spain (in which Ricardo Zamora conceded seven goals), both games on England's 1933 European tour and the 1936 Summer Olympics Gold medal match at the Olympia Stadion, in Berlin between Italy and Austria in front of 90,000. Bauwens was also the referee during the Italy v England match on May 14, 1939 in Milan where Silvio Piola punched the ball into England's goal. The Italian Crown Prince was discouraged by Stanley Rous, as he then was, from stopping play to explain to Bauwens what had happened.[4] He served on the Executive Committee of FIFA between 1932 and 1942[5] and became the fifth President of the DFB in 1950, an office he held until his death, a year before the setting up of the Bundesliga in 1962; his position as President being taken on by Dr Hermann Gosmann.

1954 World Cup Final[edit]

He was outspoken on occasion, being responsible for the break in transmission of the radio broadcast following the 1954 FIFA World Cup final, after what were perceived to have been nationalistic comments he made to the national team at the Löwenbräukeller beer hall in Munich following their victory in Berne. He said that 'the Gods in Heaven had marched side by side with the team', precipitating a critical response across mainland Europe.[6] Der Spiegel, the news magazine reported: "During the victory party with he [sic] championship team Dr. Peco Bauwens, president of the DFB-German Soccer Association, conjured the old Germanic god of thunder, with a 'wild swell of Teutonic phrases.' He also condemned the envy of the romance (welsch) peoples and confirmed to the players that they had carried 'the flag in their hearts'" (113).[7]

His coffin was accompanied by ex-national players Toni Turek, Fritz Walter, Werner Liebrich and Horst Eckel.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Google Translate". Translate.google.com. Retrieved 2012-02-23. 
  2. ^ "Google Translate". Translate.google.com. Retrieved 2012-02-23. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ Radnedge, Keir. "The "Daily Telegraph" Football Chronicle: Amazon.co.uk: Norman Barrett: Books". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-02-23. 
  5. ^ [2]
  6. ^ [3].
  7. ^ "Fassbinder's use of Brechtian aesthetics by H-B. Moeller". Ejumpcut.org. Retrieved 2012-02-23.