|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2013)|
Pederneiras is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. The population in 2010 was 45.000 people (only 2,905 from this total are living in rural area) and the total area is 729 km². The elevation is 475 m from the sea level.
- Foundation: May 22, 1891
The region of Pederneiras was inhabited by Indians (natives) until the 1840s. During the Minas and São Paulo Revolution that was happened between 1841 and 1842 a lot of residents ran away with the purpose to escape from the military draft and to discover new areas.
Therefore around the years of 1841/1842 three frontiersmen arrived by Tietê river: Manoel dos Santos Simões with his two sons, Manuel Leonel dos Santos and João Leonel dos Santos. In 1848, they were in Saint Anna Parish (current Botucatu municipality) and registered their land as "Pederneiras Farm".
Another lands were purchased near by the Pederneiras Farm and in 1887, other people that were already living there, they donated land for the construction of the Chapel of Saint Sebastian of Joy. In 1889, it was elevated for the Township category, had its name changed into Township of St. Sebastian of Joy.
From this moment, started the struggle for emancipating led by Colonel Coimbra until 22 May 1891, when was denominated Town of St. Sebastian of Joy and, in 1895, the town's name was changed back into "Pederneiras".
Most of the residents from Pederneiras used to complain because they had to cross long distances to solve their Judicial matters in Lençóis Paulista only (another municipality located around 35 km distance), due to the Judicial district was settled there. Trying to soften the problem, they changed it from Lençóis Paulista to Jaú (a closer municipality located around 25 km distance) in 1895. Only in 1928 they set the own Judicial district in Pederneiras Town.
The birthday of the municipality is featured by the festival called Nations's Fair, where it is possible to find different kind of shows and different kind of dishes from different nationalities.
Politics in the city is clearly separated into two political party: PV and PSDB, the first represented by the Green colour and the other one represented by the Red colour.
Location: Pederneiras municipality is exactly located in the geographic center of São Paulo state. It makes frontier with the following municipalities: Arealva and Bariri to the north; Boracéia, Itapuí, Bariri and Jaú to the east; Lençóis Paulista and Macatuba to the south; Agudos and Bauru to the west.
Districts: It has three different districts: Guaianás (west); Vanglória (south); Santelmo (north).
Soil: The soil of this place is formed by the Bauru sandstone and by an excellent variety of productive massapé zones.
Vegetation: The quantity of reserves of the native vegetation is very little. There is the replanting of pine and eucalyptus. About 70% of the rural area soil is used for sugarcane plantation and pastures for the cattle.
Climate: Summer is hot and humid whereas winter is dry. Annual temperature goes from 16°C (60°F) to 34°C (94°F).
- Urban: 38,592
- Rural: 2,905
- Men: 20,861
- Women: 20,636
Population density (people per km²): 56.92
Child mortality (children under the age of one): 15.51‰
Life expectancy (years): 71.41
Fertility rate: 2.51
Literacy rate: 89.90%
Human Development Index (HDI): 0.780
- Tietê river
- Bauru river
- Veado streamlet
- Água Limpa streamlet
- Patos streamlet
- Pederneiras rivulet - in the urban area
- Monjolo rivulet - in the urban area
- SP-225: Comandante João Ribeiro de Barros
- SP-261: César Augusto Sgavioli
- SP-261: Osni Mateus
- Another roads which connects the town with the districts.
The economy of the town is diversified, most of the agriculture is based on sugarcane and the citriculture is expanding. Pederneiras is developing on metallurgical and mechanical industries, it started when Volvo industry settled in the town in 1974. After this, another medium and small companies started to settle in the town. An important industry is Pedertractor, which is responsible by the manufacturing of trucks parts and tractors parts (Volvo, Caterpillar, Case) like: electric motors, rotors, stators. In May, 2006, it was inaugurated the large Japanese Ajinomoto company, which is making use of the large quantity of sugarcane material available to produce enzymes to export.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pederneiras.|