Pednelissus, Pisidia

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Pednelissus or Petnelissus (both forms are used in ancient writings and on the city's coins, the latter form alone appearing in its later coins)[1] was a city on the border between Pamphylia and Pisidia in Asia Minor.[1]

Location[edit]

Writing in about AD 530, Hierocles placed it in the later Roman province of Pamphylia Secunda,[2] a reckoning accepted also in the Catholic Church's list of titular sees, which thus makes Perge its metropolitan see.[3] Earlier, Strabo (64/63 BC – c. AD 24) placed it in Pisidia and said that it was north of Aspendus.[4] It was near the Eurymedon River, on the southwestern slope of Mount Taurus, overlooking the Pamphylian plain.[1][5][6]

The site of the city does not appear to have been identified with certainty; but it is generally believed to be a site near the village of Kozan, Adana. The ruins of this site are considerable, covering a wide area. Among the better preserved structures are the agora and a gate-tower. Meagre remains of a Byzantine church can also be found.[7]

History[edit]

Polybius gives a detailed account of a war waged against Pednelissus by the neighbouring city of Selge. Pendnelissus called in the Seleucid ruler Achaeus, who forced Selge to yield under onerous terms.[1][5][8] In 102 BC, Pednelissus became subject to Rome. In 50 BC Cicero was governor of Cilicia and Pisidia and makes mention of Pednelissus.[5]

From the time of Trajan (98-117 AD) to the late 3rd century, Pednelissus minted bronze coins, which seem not to have had a wide circulation.[1]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Encyclopedia of the Hellenic World: Asia Minor), article "Pednelissos
  2. ^ Hierocles, Synecdemus, p. 681, cited by Sophrone Pétridès in "Pednelissus" in Catholic Encyclopedia (New York 19110
  3. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2013, ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 952
  4. ^ Strabo, Geographia, xii. 7, xiv
  5. ^ a b c Historic Anatolia, Pednelissos
  6. ^ University of New England, "Pednelissos"
  7. ^ Princeton Encyclopedia, "Pednelissus"
  8. ^ Polybius, Histories, v. 72

Coordinates: 37°13′17″N 30°55′14″E / 37.2213888889°N 30.9205555556°E / 37.2213888889; 30.9205555556