Monastery of Pedralbes
The monastery was founded by King James II of Aragon for his wife Elisenda de Montcada in 1326. It housed a community of Poor Clares, mostly members of noble families. The queen gave the monastery a series of privileges, including the direct protection of the city of Barcelona, through the Consell de Cent ("Council of the Hundred"), who had the task to defend it in case of danger. Elisenda also built a palace annexed to the monastery, where she lived after her husband's death in 1327. She died there in 1367. The remains of the palace were discovered in the 1970s.
During the Catalan Revolt (1640), the nuns were expelled, but later returned. A small number of nuns still reside in the complex. The monastery was declared a national monument in 1991.
Originally the monastery (built in white stone, pertas albes in Catalan, whence its denomination) was defended by a line of walls, of which today only two towers and one gate remain.
The cloister has three floors, and a length of 40 meters, with a central garden of orange trees and palms. It is formed by wide arches on columns, whose capitals are decorated with the emblems of the Kings of Aragon and the House of Montcada. The sepulchre of Queen Elisenda, in alabaster stone, is located in one of the cloister's wings.
- Escudero i Ribot, Maria Assumpta; Josep Mainar (1976). El mueble catalán en el Monasterio de Pedralbes. Barcelona: Ayuntamiento de Barcelona, Museo de Arte de Cataluña.
- SANJUST i LATORRE, Cristina (2010). L'Obra del Reial Monestir de Santa Maria de Pedralbes des de la seva fundació fins al segle XVI: un monestir reial per a l'orde de les clarisses a Catalunya. Barcelona: Promocions i Publicacions Universitàries ; [Bellaterra]: Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona: Institut d'Estudis Món Juïc.