Pedro Domingo Murillo
- For the province, see Pedro Domingo Murillo Province.
|Pedro Domingo Murillo|
|President of the Junta Tuitiva|
July 16, 1809 – September 30, 1809
La Paz, Bolivia
La Paz, Bolivia
Born in the city of La Paz on September 17, 1757. Belonging to an elite family of La Paz, his father is Juan Ciriaco Murillo, seminarian who shortly after his birth became a priest and a native woman named Mary Ascencia Carasco. He was trained by his father and may have attended the Colegio Seminario de San Carlos, at La Paz. Then he studied law at the Universidad San Francisco Xavier de La Plata (Chuquisaca, now Sucre), although apparently he did not finished his studies. In 1778 he married in Potosi Olmedo Manuel de la Concha. In 1781 he found himself living in Irupana and had at least two children. When he took part in the campaign against the Rebellion of Túpac Amaru II, distinguished by its great value, for which he was appointed Lieutenant of the Militia.
In 1785 his father died, Juan Ciriaco Murillo, which left most of his fortune to the children of Pedro Murillo and Manuel de la Concha. However, an aunt of Pedro, called Catalina Felipe, he filed a lawsuit, he disputed property left by Juan Ciriaco. Murillo won easily in the first instance, but made a terrible mistake: falsifying his law degree.
Pedro Murillo acted with great cunning. First, he used that had a rector at the Universidad San Francisco Xavier. Then, when you set a date to take the test, none other than the Attorney General of the Royal Audiencia, Murillo was submitted with the Notary Sebastian del Toro, who worked regularly for members of the audience, the notary certifies that Pedro Murillo submitted days ago, the original title, which that day was "forgotten." Thus, consideration can yield Murillo without showing any discharge document. He explained that he was brilliant examination and obtained his law degree. But a year later, when Murillo was practicing in La Paz, was denounced as a forger of his title. Quoted by Judge Sebastian Segurola (friend) to present the original of the title, Murillo simply disappeared. Authorities to raid his home discovered the medium even falsifying documents in the handwriting of Murillo. Later, no less than four notaries attest that Murillo had forged their signatures.
For this reason, Murillo not only lost the case against her aunt, but it is declared in contempt and must escape from the authorities, however, in early 1789 he was pardoned. After that, Pedro Murillo is engaged in mining.
In 1805 he was part of a group that conspired against the Spanish government, but was discovered and brought to trial. In 1809, leads a band of patriots who plotted and rebelled on July 16, 1809. A few days later, met in a council to make public a document called Proclamation Tuitiva Board, expressed the same as the release of the Alto Peru from the Spanish Empire.
After the Revolution of July 16, 1809, the royalist troops sent to suppress the revolution in La Paz, some from the Viceroyalty of Peru and the other from Buenos Aires, but by that time the troops of the regiments composed of natives would not intervene a repression of a patriotic movement. Murillo decided to escape the royal army, but was captured and hanged along with other patriots on January 29, 1810. Before his execution made the following statement:
|“||Compatriots, I die, but tyrants won't be able to extinguish the torch I ignited. Long live freedom!||”|
Every 16 July, the town of La Paz recalls the patriotic deeds of the year 1809. The departmental celebration begins when the various national and local authorities turn the call Torch of Liberty is in the house of the martyr, and then a parade through the center of the city of La Paz, in which citizens torches in their hands to symbolize the torch of Pedro Domingo Murillo, parade known as the "Parade of Torches."
- Cabrera, José Ramón Muñoz (1869). Galería de hombres célebres de Bolivia. Santiago: José Domingo Cortés. Retrieved March 18, 2011.
- "Compatriotas, yo muero, pero la tea que he encendido ya no podrán extinguirla los tiranos. ¡Viva la libertad! (Murillo) - Cabrera, p. 186