Pedro Miguel

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Coordinates: 38°34′29″N 28°37′7″W / 38.57472°N 28.61861°W / 38.57472; -28.61861
Pedro Miguel
Civil Parish
Promontório denominado Ponta de João Dias, concelho da Horta, ilha do Faial, Açores, Porttugal.JPG
Ponta de João Dias promontory, in the civil parish of Pedro Miguel, showing the eastern coast of Faial to Ribeirinha
Coat of arms
Official name: Freguesia de Pedro Miguel
Name origin: Portuguese personal name
Country  Portugal
Autonomous Region  Azores
Island Faial
Municipality Horta
Localities Abegoaria, Arrochela, Atras da Ladeira, Caminho Redondo, Grota Funda, Rua da Igreja, Rua Velha
Rivers Ribeira da Fonte Nova, Ribeira do Cerrado do Rato, Ribeira do Pedro Miguel
Center Rua da Igreja
 - elevation 121 m (397 ft)
 - coordinates 38°34′29″N 28°37′7″W / 38.57472°N 28.61861°W / 38.57472; -28.61861
Highest point Cabeço Gordo
 - elevation 847 m (2,779 ft)
 - coordinates 38°35′6″N 28°42′3″W / 38.58500°N 28.70083°W / 38.58500; -28.70083
Lowest point Sea level
 - location Atlantic Ocean
 - elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Area 14.48 km2 (6 sq mi)
 - water .002 km2 (0 sq mi)
 - urban .72 km2 (0 sq mi)
Population 759 (2011)
Density 52 / km2 (135 / sq mi)
Settlement fl.1600
 - Parish c.1616
LAU Junta Freguesia
 - location Estrada Regional
 - coordinates 38°34′27″N 28°37′8″W / 38.57417°N 28.61889°W / 38.57417; -28.61889
President Junta Cláudio Garcia (PS)
Timezone Azores (UTC-1)
 - summer (DST) Azores (UTC0)
Postal Zone 9900-429
Area Code & Prefix (+351) 292 XXX-XXXX
Patron Saint Nossa Senhora da Ajuda
Location of the civil parish of Pedro Miguel within the municipality of Horta
Wikimedia Commons: Pedro Miguel
Website: http://www.jfpedromiguel.pt/

Pedro Miguel is a parish in the northeastern part of the municipality of Horta on the island of Faial in the Azores. Pedro Miguel is located 6 km north of the city of Horta on the main regional road that encircles the island. The population in 2011 was 759,[1] in an area of 14.48 km².[2]

History[edit]

The remnants of the Church of Nossa Senhora da Ajuda, irreparably damaged after the 1998 earthquake

The first record of the parish, which was named for one of the original inhabitants, dated August 7, 1590, came from a financial transaction between King Sebastian who sent the vicar 25 thousand reis (ostensibly for construction or furnishing of their church).

Pedro Miguel became a parish in 1666. In order to protect itself from surprise attacks by pirates that roamed the Canal, a small fort Forte Baixo was constructed in the 17th century.

In 1871, both a boy's and girl's school operated from Pedro Miguel, since the community was part of a greater district that included Ribeirinha and Praia do Almoxarife. A justice of the peace operated from this district, where the electoral assembly was also situated. The population had reached 1,757 inhabitants by this time.

During the 1998 earthquake, which hit affected the northern communities of the island, several houses were damaged and the parochial church was irreparably damaged.

Geography[edit]

Population of
Pedro Miguel
(1643 - 2001)
Year Pop. ±%
1643 384 —    
1871 1,757 +357.6%
2001 723 −58.9%

The parish of Pedro Miguel is situated in an area between Lomba dos Frades and Lomba Grande, and is bisected by the Ribeira de Pedro Miguel.

Ecoregions/Protected areas[edit]

Grota Funda is a cave located in a large volcanic crater located west of the parish centre, and which founded fragments of vegetable coals.

Economy[edit]

The communities economy revolved around mainly cereals and agricultural, as well as many orange orchards located closer to the center. The dairy industry was also an important contributor, and the Pedro Miguel was a major producer of local exports (most importantly butter).

Culture[edit]

Founded on 23 June 1977, the Grupo Folclórico e Etnográfico de Pedro Miguel (English: Folklore and Ethnographic Group of Pedro Miguel) was established to perpetuate some of the traditions of the community, including folklore, song, dance and ethnographic representations.[3] Using stylized period costumes, dating to late 19th and early 20th century, the group has travelled throughout the island and archipelago to present their brand of traditional culture.[3] The large group (in 2011 about 41 members) of varying ages (13 to 60 years) promoted their first recorded CD in 2011, entitled Ao Toque da Viola.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  2. ^ Eurostat
  3. ^ a b c Garcia, Susana (22 June 2011), Grupo Folclórico e Etnográfico de Pedro Miguel assinala 34 aniversário com lançamento de CD (in Portuguese), Horta, Portugal: Tribuna das Ilhas, retrieved 5 September 2011