Pedro Ramírez Vázquez
Pedro Ramírez Vázquez (April 16, 1919 – April 16, 2013) was a late twentieth century Mexican architect. He was born in Mexico City. He was persuaded to study architecture by writer and poet Carlos Pellicer.
Vázquez earned a Bachelor of Architecture degree from UNAM in 1943. He was responsible for the construction of some of Mexico's most emblematic buildings. He was a modern architect with influences from the European modern movement, Latin American modern architects and precolumbian cultures. Concrete is the material he used most often.
He developed a system to construct schools in rural areas, constructing thousands of schools in Mexico and abroad. The UNICEF has used such system. He was the president of the organizing committee of the Mexico City Olympics in 1968 and the World Cup in 1970. He was a pioneer in Mexico of modern graphic design, with the design of the Olympic image. He is a member of the International Olympic Committee.
He won several awards including the National Arts Award in 1973, Cemex Award in 2003 and IDSA's Special Award in 1969 for notable results, creative and innovative concepts and long-term benefits to the industrial design profession, its educational functions and society at large. He was minister of public infrastructure and human settlements during president's José López Portillo government. He was founder and rector of the Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana. He was part of the faculty of the UNAM and received various honorary degrees (doctor honoris causa) granted by several universities including the UNAM.
Some relevant projects include:
- Estadio Azteca
- National Anthropology Museum
- Museo de Arte Moderno (Museum of Modern Art) in Mexico City
- Museum of the Templo Mayor
- Tijuana Cultural Center
- The new Basilica of Guadalupe
- Estadio Cuauhtémoc in Puebla
- Auditorio Siglo XXI in Puebla
- The Foreign Affairs Secretariat tower in Tlatelolco.
- Medicine School Building UNAM
- Liceo Mexicano Japonés ("Japanese-Mexican Lyceum")
- Legislative Palace of San Lázaro (Mexican House of Representatives)
- Amparo Museum, in Puebla, Mexico
- Japan Embassy in Mexico
- Omega corporate building
- Chapel of Guadalupe Virgin inside St. Peter's Basilica, Rome
- Museum of Black Cultures, Dakar, Senegal
- International Olympic Committee headquarters, Lausanne
- Olympic Museum, Lausanne.
- Presidential House in Costa Rica
- Nubia Museum, Egypt
- Mexico pavilion in New York world's fair
- Mexico pavilion in Brussels world's fair
- Mexico pavilion in Seville world's fair
- International Olympic Committee pavilion in Seville world's fair
- Redacción. «Falleció el arquitecto Pedro Ramírez Vázquez», El Universal, 16 de abril de 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Los Angeles Times staff and wire reports. "Pedro Ramirez Vazquez dies at 94; architect changed the face of Mexico City." Los Angeles Times. April 18, 2013. Retrieved on April 5, 2014.
- Salvat, Juan and José Luis Rosas. Historia del arte mexicano, Volume 14. (Historia del arte mexicano, José Luis Rosas, ISBN 9683203914, 9789683203915). 2nd edition, 1986. p. 2085 "[...]En esta misma ciudad Jacinto Arenas proyecta las instalaciones para la Alianza Francesa, en 1978, mientras que en la ciudad de México el arquitecto Ordorica es autor de la Biblioteca para la Universidad Anáhuac y los arquitectos Ramírez Vázquez y Rosen Morrison del Liceo Mexicano- Japonés."
- "Fotografias de las instalaciones del Liceo." (Archive) Liceo Mexicano Japonés. Retrieved on March 5, 2014. "Diseñado por los arquitectos mexicanos Pedro Ramírez Vázquez y Manuel Rosen Morrison en 1976."
|President of Organizing Committee for Summer Olympic Games