Pedro Téllez-Girón, 9th Duke of Osuna

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Pedro Téllez-Girón, 9th Duke of Osuna
Francisco de Goya y Lucientes 107.jpg
The Duke of Osuna, by Francisco de Goya
Spouse(s) María Josefa Pimentel, 12th Countess-Duchess of Benavente

Issue

Josefa, Marchioness of Camarasa (1783-1817)
Joaquina,Marchioness of Sta. Cruz(1784-1851)
Francisco, 10th Duke de Osuna (1785–1830)
Pedro, Prince of Anglona (1786-1851)
Manuela, Duchess of Abrantes (1794-1838)
Full name
Pedro Téllez-Girón, 9th Duke of Osuna
Noble family House of Osuna
Father Pedro Zoilo Téllez Girón y de Guzmán, 8th Duke of Osuna
Mother María Vicenta Tellez - Girón
Born (1755-08-08)August 8, 1755
Madrid, Spain
Died January 7, 1807(1807-01-07) (aged 51)
Spain

Pedro de Alcántara Téllez-Girón, 9th Duke of Osuna, Grandee of Spain, (in full, Spanish: Don Pedro de Alcántara María Cayetano Ciriaco Rafael Domingo Vicente Téllez-Girón y Pacheco, noveno duque de Osuna, décimo marqués de Peñafiel, conde de Fontanar, décimo tercér conde de Ureña, señor de la villa de Morón de la Frontera, Archidona, El Arahal, Olvera, Ortejicar, Cazalla de la Sierra, Tiedra, Gumiel de Izán y Briones, Grande de España de 1ra clase, Camarero mayor del Rey, Notario mayor de los Reinos de Castilla, teniente general de los Reales Ejércitos, coronel del Regimiento de Reales Guardias Españoles y su Director general, miembro del Supremo Consejo de la Guerra, embajador extraordinario en Viena, 24 de la Real academia (10.7.1787), gentilhombre de cámara con ejercicio de Carlos III y de Carlos IV, caballero del Toisón de Oro (4.4.1794), Gran Cruz de la Orden de Carlos III), (8 August 1755 - 7 January 1807), was a Spanish nobleman. He led Spanish troops during the French Revolutionary Wars.

Biography[edit]

Family[edit]

Since April 1787, when his father, the 8th Duke, Pedro Zoilo Téllez Girón y de Guzmán, (27 June 1728 - 1 April 1787), died was a co-founder of a society for the promotion of national cultural consciousness, known as Sociedad Económica de Amigos del País, (Madrid branch). His mother was really named María Vicenta Tellez-Girón, (28 July 1735 - marries 1753 - ???) but even so he is known as a Pacheco, perhaps because of the extensive family comnnections between Téllez - Girón's and Pacheco's since the 15th century.

In 1772, he married María Josefa Pimentel, 12th Countess-Duchess of Benavente. She was 15th Countess of Benavente, Grandee of Spain, 13th Duchess of Béjar, Duchess of Arcos, Duchess of Gandía and Duchess of Monteagudo, Princess of Esquilache and Marquise of Lombay, whose possessions and noble titles were absorbed thereto by the Osuna family. She was an extraordinarily intelligent and accomplished woman. An educated man interested in scientific and cultural innovations, the duke was an outstanding example of the late 18th century aristocrat, a man who tried to modernize backward Spanish society according to the precepts of the Age of Enlightenment. The duke and his wife were major patrons of the arts and among the most important clients of the painter Francisco de Goya y Lucientes.

Military career[edit]

Téllez-Girón held important commands during the War of the Pyrenees which began on 7 March 1793 and ended with the Peace of Basel on 22 July 1795. As a Lieutenant General, he commanded a column under Captain General Antonio Ricardos in the Battle of Mas Deu in the eastern Pyrenees on 19 May 1793. Soon after the battle, he transferred out of Ricardos' Army of Catalonia.[1] He later fought in the western Pyrenees. In the fall of 1794, he was placed in charge of the defense of Navarre. The Army of the western Pyrenees under French General Bon-Adrien Jeannot de Moncey defeated his badly outnumbered troops in the Battle of Orbaitzeta in October 1794, though he was able to keep the French from capturing the city of Pamplona.

Portraits[edit]

In a famous portrait, Goya portrays the Duke of Osuna without any medals in front of a dark background. The only indication of his military background is the baton he holds.

In another famous painting by Goya, the ducal family is portrayed.

One of his children was Joaquina Téllez-Girón, Marchioness of Santa Cruz, who was also portrayed by Goya.

Another of the children from Goya's painting was known as Pedro de Álcantara Téllez-Girón y Pimentel, (1786–1851), Principe de Anglona, Captain General of the Island of Cuba from 10 January 1840 to 7 March 1841, and who was substituted by Jerónimo Valdés y Sierra, (1784–1855), Captain General of the Island of Cuba from 7 March 1841 to 13 September 1843[2]

Images by Francisco Goya[edit]

Ancestors[edit]