Pedro da Fonseca (cardinal)
- For the portuguese philosopher of the same name, see Pedro da Fonseca (philosopher)
Pedro da Fonseca (14th century – 22 August 1422), Bishop of Astorga, 1414-1418, Bishop of Sigüenza, 1419-1422, was a Portuguese Cardinal, born in Olivença. He was made Cardinal by the Avignon Antipope Benedict XIII, with the title of "Santo Ângelo na Pescaria", in 1409.
Accepting the decisions made at the Council of Pisa and Council of Constance, Cardinal Fonseca formally recognized Martin V as Pope. Following Byzantine Emperor Manuel II and Patriarch Joseph II's request for legation, Fonseca was sent to Constantinople as a Papal Legate in 1420.
On 27 September 1421 he was assigned as the Papal Legate at Naples. The kingdoms of Naples and Sicily, in Italy where then ruled by the Aragonese King, Alfonso V of Aragon. During the visit of the Roman Pope to the Aragonese king at Vicovaro he fell down the stairs at the monastery of Saint Cosimato dying from the fell on 22 August 1422, being buried at the Vatican near the Chapel of Saint Thomas there, the tomb having marble columns and statues. In 1608 his tomb was moved down the "Vatican Grotto", being relocated between the tombs of Pope Innocent IV and Marcellus II.
- Poggio Bracciolini, Two Renaissance book hunters, Trans. Phyllis Walter Goodhart Gordon, (Columbia University Press, 1991), 238.
- Kenneth M. Setton, The Papacy and the Levant, 1204-1571: The Fifteenth Century, (The American Philosophical Society, 1978), 41.
- Carol M. Richardson, Reclaiming Rome: Cardinals in the Fifteenth Century, (BRILL, 2009), 402.
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