Pedro de Aycinena y Piñol
|Pedro de Aycinena y Piñol|
|Pedro de Aycinena y Piñol|
Secretary of Foreign Affairs of Guatemala
1851 – April 14, 1865
|President||Captain General Rafael Carrera|
9th President of Guatemala
April 14, 1865 – May 24, 1865
|Preceded by||Rafael Carrera y Turcios|
|Succeeded by||Vicente Cerna y Cerna|
|Died||March 14, 1897
Guatemala City, Guatemala
Pedro de Aycinena y Piñol (1802- May 14, 1897) was a conservative politician and member of the Aycinena clan that worked closely with the conservative regime of Rafael Carrera. He was interim president of Guatemala in 1865 after the death of president for life, general Rafael Carrera.
Concordat of 1854
|Concordat between the Holy See and the President of the Republic of Guatemala|
Captain General Rafael Carrera
President of Guatemala in 1854
|Location||Vatican Holy See and Congress of Guatemala|
|Author(s)||Fernando Lorenzana and Juan José de Aycinena y Piñol|
In 1854 a Concordat was established with the Holy See, which was signed in 1852 by Cardinal Antonelli, Secretary of State of the Vatican and Fernando Lorenzana plenipotentiary -Guatemala Ambassador before the Holy See. Through this treaty -which was designed by Aycinena clan leader, Dr. and clergyman Juan José de Aycinena y Piñol  - Guatemala placed its people education under the control of Catholic Church regular orders, committed itself to respect Church property and monasteries, authorized mandatory tithing and allowed the bishops to censor whatever was published in the country; in return, Guatemala received blessings for members of the army, allowed those who had acquired the properties that the Liberals had expropriated the Church in 1829 to keep them, perceived taxes generated by the properties of the Church, and had the right, under Guatemalan law, to judge ecclesiastics who perpetrated certain crimes. The concordat was ratified by Pedro de Aycinena and Rafael Carrera in 1854 and kept a close relationship between Church and State in the country; it was in force until the fall of the conservative government of Marshal Vicente Cerna y Cerna.
Belize border treaty with England
In 1859, William Walker threatened Central America again; to obtain the necessary weapons to confront him, the Carrera regime had to cede the territory of Belize to the British Empire. A meeting was held on 30 April 1859 between representatives of Great Britain and Guatemala to define the limits with Belize, after which a decree that was issued, which stipulated that England would open a path on their own land communication of the city of Belize to the city of Guatemala. The road was never built, and the spoil of the territory of England was completed after the following opinion of the House of Representatives of the Assembly:
As Minister of Foreign Affairs, during the administration of Rafael Carrera, Aycinena signed the Convention limits of British Honduras - Belize; and the Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation between the Republic of Guatemala and Perú. After the death of General Carrera on April 14, 1965, Aycinena was named interim president by the Council of State, a position he held until Marshal Vicente Cerna was appointed as president.
- González Davison 2008.
- Aycinena 1854, p. 2-16.
- Hernández de León 1959, p. April 30.
- "Archivos del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Peru (in Spanish). Peru. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
- Aycinena, Pedro de (1854). Concordato entre la Santa Sede y el presidente de la República de Guatemala (in Latin and Spanish). Guatemala: Imprenta La Paz.
- González Davison, Fernando (2008). La montaña infinita; Carrera, caudillo de Guatemala (in Spanish). Guatemala: Artemis y Edinter. ISBN 84-89452-81-4.
- Hernández de León, Federico (1930). El libro de las efemérides (in Spanish). Tomo III. Guatemala: Tipografía Sánchez y de Guise.
- Martínez Peláez, Severo (1988). Racismo y Análisis Histórico de la Definición del Indio Guatemalteco (in Spanish). Guatemala: Editorial Universitaria.
- Martínez Peláez, Severo (1990). La patria del criollo; ensayo de interpretación de la realidad colonial guatemalteca (in Spanish). México: Ediciones en Marcha.
- Woodward, Ralph Lee, Jr. (2002). "Rafael Carrera y la creación de la República de Guatemala, 1821–1871". Serie monográfica (in Spanish) (CIRMA and Plumsock Mesoamerican Studies) (12). ISBN 0-910443-19-X.
- Woodward, Ralph Lee, Jr. (1993). Rafael Carrera and the Emergence of the Republic of Guatemala, 1821-1871 (Online edition). Athens, Georgia USA: University of Georgia Press. Retrieved December 28, 2014.
- "Pedro de Aycinena (1865)". DeGuate. Retrieved 4 January 2015.
- Aycinena's signature is the fourth from the top down in the first column, left to right
President of Guatemala