Pedro de Aycinena y Piñol

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Pedro de Aycinena y Piñol
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Pedro de Aycinena y Piñol
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Secretary of Foreign Affairs of Guatemala
In office
1851 – April 14, 1865 (1865-04-14)
President Captain General Rafael Carrera
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9th President of Guatemala
In office
April 14, 1865 (1865-04-14) – May 24, 1865 (1865-05-24)
Preceded by Rafael Carrera y Turcios
Succeeded by Vicente Cerna y Cerna
Personal details
Born 1802
Died March 14, 1897(1897-03-14)
Guatemala City, Guatemala[1]
Political party Conservative
Occupation politician, diplomat

Pedro de Aycinena y Piñol (1802- May 14, 1897[1]) was a conservative politician and member of the Aycinena clan that worked closely with the conservative regime of Rafael Carrera. He was interim president of Guatemala in 1865 after the death of president for life, general Rafael Carrera.

Biography[edit]

See also: Rafael Carrera
Decree in which Guatemala declares Rafael Carrera as president for life, in 1854. Pedro de Aycinena is one of the signatories of the document in his capacity as Minister of Foreign Affairs. [Note 1]

Concordat of 1854[edit]

Main article: Concordat of 1854
Concordat between the Holy See and the President of the Republic of Guatemala
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Captain General Rafael Carrera
President of Guatemala in 1854
Created 1852
Ratified 1854
Location   Vatican Holy See and Congress of Guatemala
Author(s) Fernando Lorenzana and Juan José de Aycinena y Piñol

In 1854 a Concordat was established with the Holy See, which was signed in 1852 by Cardinal Antonelli, Secretary of State of the Vatican and Fernando Lorenzana plenipotentiary -Guatemala Ambassador before the Holy See. Through this treaty -which was designed by Aycinena clan leader, Dr. and clergyman Juan José de Aycinena y Piñol [2] - Guatemala placed its people education under the control of Catholic Church regular orders, committed itself to respect Church property and monasteries, authorized mandatory tithing and allowed the bishops to censor whatever was published in the country; in return, Guatemala received blessings for members of the army, allowed those who had acquired the properties that the Liberals had expropriated the Church in 1829 to keep them, perceived taxes generated by the properties of the Church, and had the right, under Guatemalan law, to judge ecclesiastics who perpetrated certain crimes.[3] The concordat was ratified by Pedro de Aycinena and Rafael Carrera in 1854 and kept a close relationship between Church and State in the country; it was in force until the fall of the conservative government of Marshal Vicente Cerna y Cerna.[3]

Belize border treaty with England[edit]

In 1859, William Walker threatened Central America again; to obtain the necessary weapons to confront him, the Carrera regime had to cede the territory of Belize to the British Empire. A meeting was held on 30 April 1859 between representatives of Great Britain and Guatemala to define the limits with Belize, after which a decree that was issued, which stipulated that England would open a path on their own land communication of the city of Belize to the city of Guatemala. The road was never built, and the spoil of the territory of England was completed after the following opinion of the House of Representatives of the Assembly:

The House of Representatives, after examining carefully the convention set between HE the President of the Republic and Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain, on April 30 next above, is useful and appropriate to the interests of the Republic and based on principles of sound policy , hoping that will be implemented, as soon as possible, agreed regarding the communication channel this capital to the Atlantic coast.
(signatories, among others: José Farfán, José Luna, Mr. Pedro de Aycinena, the Bishop of Nicaragua and José Milla y Vidaurre).

From: Hernández de León, F. El capítulo de las efemérides La Hora, Guatemala. April 30, 1959[4]

As Minister of Foreign Affairs, during the administration of Rafael Carrera, Aycinena signed the Convention limits of British Honduras - Belize; and the Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation between the Republic of Guatemala and Perú.[5] After the death of General Carrera on April 14, 1965, Aycinena was named interim president by the Council of State, a position he held until Marshal Vicente Cerna was appointed as president.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Aquiguatemala.net
  2. ^ González Davison 2008.
  3. ^ a b Aycinena 1854, p. 2-16.
  4. ^ Hernández de León 1959, p. April 30.
  5. ^ "Archivos del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Peru (in Spanish). Peru. Retrieved 5 January 2015. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Aycinena's signature is the fourth from the top down in the first column, left to right
Preceded by
Rafael Carrera
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President of Guatemala

1865
Succeeded by
Vicente Cerna