Pedro de Gante

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Fray Pedro de Gante

Fray Pieter van der Moere, also known as Fray Pedro de Gante or Pedro de Mura (c. 1480 – 1572) was a Franciscan missionary in sixteenth century Mexico. Born in Geraardsbergen in present day Belgium, he was of Flemish descent. Since Flanders, like Spain, belonged to the Habsburg Empire and he was a relative of King Charles V (he was thought to be a bastard son of Emperor Maximilian I[1]), he was allowed to travel to the colonies of New Spain as one of a group of Franciscan monks, the first Christian missionary in the New World. Gante's group in fact arrived before the 12 Franciscans normally thought of as the first priests in the New World. In Mexico he spent his life as a missionary, indoctrinating the indigenous population in Christian catechism and dogma. He learned Nahuatl, the language of the Aztecs, and composed a Christian "doctrina". One of his most significant contributions to Mexico was the creation of the School of San Jose de los Naturales. This was the first school set up by Europeans in the Americas.[2][3][4]

In 1988 he was beatified, by Pope John Paul II. He was ranked 99th in a 2005 vote on the list of Greatest Belgians (De Grootste Belg).

Works[edit]

The 1553 manuscript of Doctrina Christiana by Pedro de Gante kept at Benson Latin American Collection, University of Texas, Austin

Manuscripts

  • Catecismo de la doctrina cristiana con jeroglíficos, para la enseñanza de los indios de México: Madrid, Archivo Histórico Nacional, Códice 1257B.
Catechism

Published Works

  • Doctrina Christiana en Lengua Mexicana. Per signum crucis. Icamachiotl cruz yhuicpain toya chua Xitech momaquixtili Totecuiyoc diose. Ica inmotocatzin. Tetatzin yhuan Tepilizin yhuan Spiritus Sancti. Amen Jesús (first published ca. 1547, Mexico: Juan Pablos; 1553, Amberes; 1553, Mexico: Juan Pablos, 1555. Facsimile edition with comments by ed. Ernesto de la Torre Villar (Mexico, 1981).
  • Catecismo de la doctrina cristiana con jeroglíficos, para la enseñanza de los indios de México, Facsimile edition with comments bye Federico Navarro (Madrid, 1970) / Justino Cortés Castellanos, El catecismo en pictogramas de Fr. Pedro de Gante (Madrid, 1987).
  • Cartas, versos religiosos en mejicano, ed. en: Joaquín García Icazbalceta, Códice franciscano (Mexico, 1941), 212ff.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pieter van Gent", p. 244 in De Markanten, Uitgeverij Davidsfonds, Leuven, ISBN 978 90 5826 654 5
  2. ^ Verlinden, Charles 1986. Fray Pedro de Gante y su epoca. Revista de Historia de América , No. 101 (Jan. - Jun., 1986), pp. 105-131 [1](Spanish)
  3. ^ Grass, Roland. 1965. America's First Linguists: Their Objectives and Methods. Hispania , Vol. 48, No. 1 (Mar., 1965), pp. 57-66 [2]
  4. ^ Torre Villar, Ernesto de la. 1974. Fray Pedro de Gante: Maestro y civilizador de America. Estudios de Historia Novohispana V. 9 - 77. [3] (Spanish)

External links[edit]