Pedro de Ibarra

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Pedro de Ibarra
8th Governor of la Florida
In office
20 October, 1603 – 1609/10
Preceded by Gonzalo Méndez de Canço
Succeeded by Juan Fernández de Olivera
Personal details
Born unknown
Basque Country
Died unknown
Spouse(s) Ana de Unzueta
Profession Military and Administrator (governor of Florida)

Pedro de Ibarra was a Spanish soldier who ruled Florida between 1603 and 1610.

Early Years[edit]

Originally from the Basque Country,[1] Ibarra was joined to Spanish Army in his youth, where stressed, becoming in General.[2] In 1549 he explored the region in Zamora.[1]

Governor of La Florida[edit]

In 20 Oct 1603 he was appointed governor of Florida.[3] Upon arrival in Florida he checked the disruption of society and the confrontation between natives and Spaniards, the first of which subjected to force and killed to some religious in the place.

This rebellion, caused by his predecessor in command, Gonzalo Méndez de Canço, also meant the death of many Spanish soldiers. Pedro de Ibarra managed to quell the fighting, kindness and intelligence in dealing with the natives and he was able to consolidate peace and progress.[4] Later, on August 28 of the years (1603), English pirates captured along of Cayo Romano (Cuba) two Spanish ships, one of them was Pedro de Ibarra. Pedro de Ibarra night managed to escape the cautierio and odicea after 32 days, he arrived in Havana. He left the government of the province in 1609.[5]

When Philip III of Spain ordered to Ibarra that he carried out a reconnaissance expedition to find Jamestown, Virginia, Ibarra decided assigned to Capt. Francisco Fernandez de Ecija to lead the expedition. [2] In addition, Ibarra told Ecija that if he found the Jamestown settlement had been abandoned, he should go to more northern, to determine what Champlain was doing in Canada.[6]

For other hand, in 1605 Pedro de Ibarra moved the hospital created by Gonzalo Méndez de Canço to La Soledad. [7]

Period of Friendship[edit]

Pedro de lbarra worked at establishing peace with the native cultures to the South of St. Augustine. An account is recorded of his meeting with great Indian caciques(chiefs).

On September 2, 1605 the elusive Captain Grande finally arrived in St. Augustine accompanied by his manadado, the chiefs of Surruque and Urabia, and twenty Indians of high status. Yabarra (Pedro de Ibarra)cordially welcomed and entertained them in his own home. The friendship of the Indians had been won. In the words of Ybarra, "Since then the Caciques come and go as they please, and our soldiers do the same, by sea as well as by land, with the greatest security." [8]

Ybarra (Ibarra) had earlier sent Alvaro Mexia a cartographer on a mission further South to meet and develop dipomatic ties with the Ais Indian nation as well as produce a map. [9]

After travel to different Amerindian people,[10] in 1604, Ibarra traveled to Guale to confer with the heads of the principal towns: The heads of the northern peoples he met gathered in Santa Catalina; the heads of the peoples of Central Florida met in Zapala; while the South met in San Simon.[11] Pedro de Ibarra traveled to San Simon, Sapelo, and Guale. His object was, between others, to listen to complaints and compose differences, but he also wanted Christianized the Amerindian people of the province. So, were built churches at Asao, on or near San Simon, in Guale, and at Espogache near Sapelo. [10]

According to a rumor collected by Historian Susan Parker, in 1605, Ibarra tried to establish a friendly relationship with the Ais people, an Amerindian people living in Cape Canaveral and Vero Beach, as this people allowed the arrival of British and French to its shores boats, which was considered as a territorial violation to Spanish officials in Saint Augustine, in addition de increase the chances of aliens attack the city from the south (as these two peoples were enemies of the Spaniards). So, Ibarra sent an emissary to the people of the Ais, to establish a treaty with the leader of it. The leader of the Ais, informed him that the Spaniards and the Ais, could exchanger young boys as a way of goods and symbols. In addition, the two peoples could learn each other's language. However, the son of the leader of the people said that some horses in Sain Augustine ate people, and the exchange they didn´t. [12]Although It is known, they did establish peaceful relations with Ibarra.[13]

Ibarra ruled in Florida until 1610, where he was replaced por Juan Fernández de Olivera.

Personal life[edit]

Pedro de Ibarra married with Ana de Unzueta and he proclaimed Lord of the house Unzueta (Vizcaya), formerly Parish Onacinos bias.[14]


  1. ^ a b Quito, significado y ubicación de sus calles: (a fines del siglo XX) (In Spanish: Quito, meaning and location of the streets: (a late twentieth century). Posted by Angel Alberto Dávalos H.
  2. ^ a b A Land As God Made It: Jamestown and the Birth of America. Written by James Horn. Page 153.
  3. ^ U.S. States F-K.
  4. ^ Vascos en el descubrimiento, exploración y conquista de La Florida (in Spanish: Basques in the discovery, exploration and conquest of Florida). Posted by Gorka Rosain Unda.
  5. ^ El roble y la ceiba: historia de los vascos en Cuba (in Spanish: Oak and ceiba: history of the Basques in Cuba). Posted by Cecilia Arrozarena
  6. ^ The St. Augustine Records: St. Augustine survived despite 1607 orders. Published by Susan R. Parker in Sunday, June 29, 2008. Retrieved in July 19, 2014, to 02:30 pm.
  7. ^ The first hospital in what is now the United States was here. Posted by Susan Parker in March 28, 2010 to 12:10am. Retrieved in July 18, 2014, to 02:50pm.
  8. ^ Rouse, Irving. Survey of Indian River Archaeology. Yale University Publications in Anthropology 45. ISBN 978-0-404-15668-8. 
  9. ^ AIS Native American Artifacts. Retrieved in July 19, 2014.
  10. ^ a b Access Genealogy: Guale Tribe and Yamasee Tribe. posted by Dennis Partridge.
  11. ^ Our Today and Yesterdays. Posted by Margarest Davis Gate, March 1930.
  12. ^ Nations Oldest City: Four hundred years ago, rumors circulated of man-eating horses. Posted by Susan Parker in Sunday, May 30, 2004. Retrieved in July 19, 2014.
  13. ^ Academia. edu. Ais Indians' Alliances, Diplomacy, and Networks in the Southeastern Borderlands, 1549-1696. Posted by Peter Ferdinando.
  14. ^ Francisco de Ibarra, conquistador de Nueva Vizcaya y fundador de la ciudad de Durango, en México (in Spanish: Francisco de Ibarra, conquestor of New Vizcaya and founder of the city of Durango in Mexico). Posted by Juan San Martin. Retrieved December 22, 2010, to 13:11 pm.

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