Pedro de la Portilla
Pedro de la Portilla was an 18th-century Criollo rebel in New Spain against the Spanish. He was the leader of the Conspiracy of the Machetes (Spanish: la conspiración de los machetes), an unsuccessful rebellion in 1799. Although the conspiracy posed no threat to Spanish rule, nevertheless it was a shock to the rulers. Coming only 11 years before the Grito de Dolores, it is considered in modern Mexico to be a forerunner of the Mexican War of Independence.
- (Spanish) "Azanza, Miguel José de," Enciclopedia de México, v. 2. Mexico City: 1987.
- (Spanish) "Portilla, Pedro," Enciclopedia de México, v. 11. Mexico City: 1987.
- (Spanish) Orozco L., Fernando, Fechas Históricas de México. Mexico City: Panorama Editorial, 1988, ISBN 968-38-0046-7.
- (Spanish) Orozco Linares, Fernando, Gobernantes de México. Mexico City: Panorama Editorial, 1985, ISBN 968-38-0260-5.
- (Spanish) Castillo Guerra, Hernando, Diálogos en el Pantéon Liberal de México (p. 151)
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