Peebles and Southern Midlothian (UK Parliament constituency)

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Peebles and Southern Midlothian
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
19181950
Number of members One
Replaced by Midlothian & Peeblesshire
Created from Peebles & Selkirk
Midlothian

Peebles and Southern Midlothian was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (Westminster) from 1918 to 1950. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post voting system.

Boundaries[edit]

The Peebles and Southern Midlothian constituency was described in the Representation of the People Act 1918 as comprising:

The county of Peebles with all the burghs situated therein, and the Gala Water and Lasswade County Districts of Midlothian (except that part of the latter district which is included in the Northern Division) with all burghs situated therein except the burghs of Leith and Musselburgh.

Until 1918 the area of the constituency was, at least nominally, partly within the Peebles and Selkirk constituency and partly within the Midlothian constituency.

When the constituency was abolished in 1950 the Midlothian and Peeblesshire constituency was created.

Member of Parliament[edit]

Election Member [1] Party
1918 Sir Donald Maclean
Previously MP for Peebles and Selkirk
Liberal
1922 Joseph Westwood Labour
1931 Archibald Maule Ramsay Unionist
1945 David Johnstone Pryde
Subsequently member for Midlothian and Peeblesshire
Labour
1950 constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Donald Maclean
General Election 1918: Peebles and Southern Midlothian[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rt Hon. Sir Donald Maclean 7,429 60.6
Labour J. Gold 4,830 39.4
Majority 2,599 21.2
Turnout 52.6
Liberal win

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Peebles and Southern Midlothian [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Joseph C. Westwood 6,394 36.0
Unionist A. Crawford 5,992 33.7
Liberal Rt Hon. Sir Donald Maclean 5,337 30.3
Majority 402 2.3
Turnout 75.7 +
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1923: Peebles and Southern Midlothian [4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Joseph C. Westwood 7,882 43.0
Unionist A. Crawford 6,203 33.8
Liberal W. Mitchell 4,245 23.2
Majority 1,679 9.2
Turnout 76.9
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1924: Peebles and Southern Midlothian [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Joseph C. Westwood 7,797 40.8
Unionist Charles William Baillie-Hamilton 6,723 35.3
Liberal W. Mitchell 4,550 23.9
Majority 1,074 5.5
Turnout 78.8
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1929: Peebles and Southern Midlothian [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Joseph C. Westwood 11,161 45.5
Unionist Hylton Ralph Murray-Philipson 7,736 31.5
Liberal J. McGowan 5,648 23.0
Majority 3,425 14.0
Turnout 75.7
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Peebles and Southern Midlothian[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Archibald Henry Maule Ramsay 17,435 65.5
Labour Joseph C. Westwood 9,185 34.5
Majority 8,250 31.0
Turnout 26,620 79.7
Unionist gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1935: Peebles and Southern Midlothian [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Archibald Henry Maule Ramsay 13,671 52.8
Labour David Johnstone Pryde 12,209 47.2
Majority 1,462 5.6
Turnout 25,880 74.9
Unionist hold Swing

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Peebles and Southern Midlothian[10]

Electorate 37,844

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Johnstone Pryde 15,546 55.7
Unionist JL Clyde 9,050 32.4
Liberal Capt. Leonard Gellatly 3,299 11.8
Majority 6,496 23.3
Turnout 73.7
Labour gain from Unionist Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "P" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1920
  3. ^ The Times, 17 November 1922
  4. ^ The Times, 8 December 1923
  5. ^ Oliver & Boyd's Edinburgh Almanac, 1927
  6. ^ The Times, 1 June 1929
  7. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1934
  8. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1939
  9. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  10. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig