Peel (fruit)

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Chocolate-coated citrus peel.
A partially peeled banana.

Peel, also known as rind or skin, is the outer protective layer of a fruit or vegetable which can be peeled off. The rind is usually the botanical exocarp, but the term exocarp does also include the hard cases of nuts, which are not named peels since they are not peeled off by hand or peeler, but rather shells because of their hardness.

A fruit with a thick peel, such as a citrus fruit, is called a hesperidium. In hesperidiums, the inner layer (also called albedo or, among non-botanists, pith)[1] is peeled off together with the outer layer (called flavedo), and together they are called the peel. The flavedo and albedo, respectively, are the exocarp and the mesocarp. The juicy layer inside the peel (containing the seeds) is the endocarp.

Uses[edit]

Depending on the thickness and taste, fruit peel is sometimes eaten as part of the fruit, such as with apples. In some cases the peel is unpleasant or inedible, in which case it is removed and discarded, such as with bananas or grapefruits.

The peel of some fruits — for example, pomegranates — is high in tannins and other polyphenols, and is employed in the production of dyes.

The peel of citrus fruits is bitter and generally not eaten raw, but may be used in cooking, e.g. chenpi. In gastronomy. the outermost, colored part of the peel is called the zest, which can be scraped off and used for its tangy flavor. The fleshy white part of the peel, bitter when raw in most species, is used as succade or is prepared with sugar to make marmalade or fruit soup.

Allergy[edit]

Fruit allergies make up about ten percent of all food related allergies[2][3] Essential oils similar to those in citrus fruit peels are part of Balsam of Peru's composition.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "pith". Compact Oxford English Dictionary. 
  2. ^ "Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America". Aafa.org. Retrieved 2014-04-25. 
  3. ^ Roy Mankovitz (2010). The Wellness Project. Retrieved 2014-04-25. 
  4. ^ Marlene Jones (2010). The Complete Guide to Creating Oils, Soaps, Creams, and Herbal Gels for Your .... Retrieved 2014-04-25.