Peenemünde

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Peenemünde
Historical Technical Museum Peenemünde
Historical Technical Museum Peenemünde
Coat of arms of Peenemünde
Coat of arms
Peenemünde   is located in Germany
Peenemünde
Peenemünde
Coordinates: 54°08′0″N 13°46′0″E / 54.13333°N 13.76667°E / 54.13333; 13.76667Coordinates: 54°08′0″N 13°46′0″E / 54.13333°N 13.76667°E / 54.13333; 13.76667
Country Germany
State Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
District Vorpommern-Greifswald
Municipal assoc. Usedom-Nord
Government
 • Mayor Rainer Barthelmes
Area
 • Total 24.97 km2 (9.64 sq mi)
Elevation 3.0 m (9.8 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 264
 • Density 11/km2 (27/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 17449
Dialling codes 038371
Vehicle registration OVP
Website (German) AMT USEDOM-NORD
Seaport of Peenemünde
Peenemünde railway station for service to Zinnowitz

Peenemünde (German pronunciation: [peːnəˈmʏndə], English: Mouths of the Peene [River]) is a village with a seaport on the westernmost extremity of a long sand-spit, in the northwestern part of Usedom Island at the Baltic Sea coast of Germany. Peenemünde is famous for being the birthplace of modern rocket science (with the Peenemünde Army Research Center), today displayed at the Information Centre for History and Technology, Peenemünde.

Air service for the village is available at the nearby airport.

History[edit]

During the 10th and 11th centuries, Peenemünde was part of the region of Circipania, an area settled by the Circipanes, a West Slavic tribe constituent of the Lutici federation. Circipania was incorporated into the Billung March of the Holy Roman Empire in 936, but the Empire's influence in the region decayed by the end of that century after a successful Slavic uprising. During the late 12th century, in the aftermath of the Wendish Crusade, the region fell under the rule of the Duchy of Pomerania. After the Treaty of Kremmen in 1236, most of Circipania was transferred to the Margraviate of Brandenburg.[2]

In World War II, the area was highly involved in the development and production of the V-2 rocket, until the production's relocation to Nordhausen. The village's docks were used for the ships which recovered V-2 wreckage from test launches over the Baltic Sea. German scientists such as Wernher von Braun, who worked at the V-2 facility, were known as "Peenemünders". The entire island was captured by the Soviet Red Army on May 5, 1945. The gas plant for the production of liquid oxygen still lies in ruins at the entrance to Peenemünde.

The post-war port was a Soviet naval base until turned over to the armed forces of East Germany in 1952. The seaport facilities were used at first by the East German Seepolizei (sea police) after new facilities for police motorboats had been built. On December 1, 1956, the headquarters of the First Fleet of the East German Volksmarine (navy) was established at Peenemünde.

The Peenemünde Historical and Technical Information Center, a World War II museum on the European Route of Industrial Heritage, opened in 1992 in the shelter control room[clarification needed] and the area of the World War II power station (now part of the village) -- exhibits include a V-1 and a V-2.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerungsstand der Kreise, Ämter und Gemeinden in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 31.12.2012". Statistisches Amt Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (in German). 14 August 2013. 
  2. ^ Bucholz, Werner (1999). Pommern. Deutsche Geschichte im Osten Europas. Siedler, pp. 23ff. ISBN 3-88680-272-8

External links[edit]